(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "History of the Fire and Police Departmetns of Paterson, N.J. : Their Origin, Progress and Development"

I 

\m 



ro'^vM sqs 




Loc Hist R 35£. 3 HIS 
c. 1 

History of the fire and 
police departments of 



c . 3 




^H 



Pater sdn Fre 
Public %ibiqry 

Founded 1$85 



HISTORY 

OF THE 

Fire and Police Departments 

OF 

PATERSON, N. J. 

Their Origin, Progress and Development. 



THE OLD AND THE NEW. 



Our Twin Protectors.— The Volunteer and Paid 
Fire Organizations.— Gallant Fire Fighters. 
Police Protection and Law and Order, 
a Well Disciplined Force.— Bio- 
graphical and Historical. 
Efficient Fire and Police 
Departments. 



ILLUSTRATED. 



Sold by Subscription Only. 



PATERSON, N. J. : 

The Relief Association Publishing Co. 

1893. 



INTRODUCTORY. 



T^HE compiler lias to acknowledge at the outset his 
indebtedness for much valuable material, which he has 
used without stint, to a historical brochure on the fire 
department, published two years ago. The facts* therein 
contained are vouched for by ex-Chief McKiernan and 
Chief Stagg. As the story was tersely and accurately told, 
it was adopted in the main, without transposition or altera- 
tion of any consequence. Other features entirely original 
have been added, bringing the review of events to date. 

The facts contained in the sketch of the police depart- 
ment have been, in great part, obtained at police head- 
quarters through the courtesy of the Commissioners and 
Chief Graul. The compiler is also indebted to the centen- 
nial edition of the Paterson Evening News for valuable 
data. Both departments are well organized and their 
respective duties are ably administered. Paterson is well 
served by her police and firemen ; that fact is amply dem- 
onstrated by the records of the departments, and freely 
acknowledged by the press and public. There are eighty- 
six policemen and fifty-eight firemen. Their respective 
commanders are experienced officers and have the respect 
of the men and the confidence of the community. 



CHAPTER I. 



THE LYONS OF AMERICA. 



What a Century Has Done for Paterson— Alexander Hamilton— The 
"Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures " — The First 
Cotton Mill— Business Development of the City— The Great Falls. 

ftATERSON is celebrated as the " Lyons of America," 
as a compliment to the quantity and quality of its 
product in manufactured silks. 

It is just a century since Paterson was founded as a 
manufacturing town. The site was selected as affording 
the most numerous and striking advantages for a manufac- 
turing center. It was the far-seeing mind of Alexander 
Hamilton that marked out the locality as specially adapted 
for great industrial activities, and the " Society for Estab- 
lishing Usefu] Manufactures" (organized by Alexander 
Hamilton) laid the foundation of the present city. "When 
the first factory was built, there were about ten houses 
within the limits of the present city. The society's charter 
was signed by Governor William Paterson, and it was this 
that caused the city to be named after him. These are the 
few and brief foundation facts that have caused a primitive 
wilderness to develop into a bustling city of 80,000 
inhabitants. 



b "THE LYONS OF AMERICA/' 

When the city of Paterson was incorporated in 1850 it 
had a population of 11,341. In ten years these figures had 
expanded to 20,478; in 1865 the city's census was 50,950; 
1885, 63,279; and in 1890 the population had reached to 
78,358. 

The debt of the city is less per capita than that of any 
city of the state. Jersey City owes $120 per head ; New- 
ark, $60 ; Hoboken, $35 ; Camden, $28 ; Paterson, $20. 

The original and uppermost idea was, undoubtedly, the 
manufacture of cotton goods on a large scale, but the pro- 
duction of other necessary domestic articles also was contem- 
plated. It was from the start a city of great expectations, 
its founders going so far in their extravagant enthusiasm as 
to believe, as many of them did, that at the location selected 
by the society all the manufactures of any account in the 
Union would finally center. The glorious future of the 
country was then unknown to mortal, and as this was the 
first organized attempt to establish anything like an indus- 
trial center, the success of the undertaking was regarded 
with the most sanguine expectations. This, indeed, is a 
historical example of the fact that the founders had builded 
better than they knew, and, as the result proved, their 
wildest dreams of success have been more than realized. 

Alexander Hamilton, Washington's first secretary of the 
treasury, as already stated, first conceived the plan or idea 
of founding the nucleus of the city of Paterson. He had 
early become convinced that the United States would never 
be really free and independent of Great Britain until they 
could manufacture goods enough for their own consump- 



" THB I-VoN.s OF AMEKICA. 7 

ri. Hi, and one of his first acts as the head of the treasury 
department was to endeavor to enlist Congress in support 
of his views on this subject. The enterprise, we learn 
from the history of Bergen and Passaic counties, was 
worked up with great skill and industry until the immense 
capital of one hundred thousand dollars was subscribed for 
the projected company ; a vast sum to invest in manufac- 
tures in those days. The new company was the largest, if 
not the only one of the kind, in the whole United States. 

Hamilton and his associates concluded to locate their 
works at the Passaic Falls, as affording the finest water- 
power anywhere within convenient reach of New York or 
Philadelphia, and then they applied to the New Jersey 
legislature for an act to incorporate them. The bill became 
a law on the 22d of November, 1791. 

In the year 1837 the County of Passaic was formed 
from portions of Essex and Bergen, and Paterson became 
the county seat. In 1838 the population had reached 
9,048. 

The advisability of changing the form of government 
from a township to that of a city was fully discussed, 
resulting, on March 19th, 1851, in the approval by the 
governor of a bill passed by the Legislature granting a 
charter to the City of Paterson. 

An election w r as held under the charter on April 14th, 
1851, for the filling of municipal offices. The first meeting 
of the Council was held at City Clerk Socrates Tuttle's 
office on the south side of Congress street, on Tuesday 



<5 "THE LYONS OF AMERICA. 

morning, April 22d, 1851, for the appointment of city 
officers. 

The Great Falls of the Passaic, or "Passaiek," as it was 
called in the early days, has the extraordinary watershed of 
over 800 square miles. The changes made at and about the 
falls are almost inconceivable. At first a slender dam was 
built 200 yards higher up stream than the present one, just 
above the falls, at La Fontaine's Gap near the bend of the 
river, the ravine having been converted into a reservoir out 
of which the current passed into what is now the middle 
raceway. This water was conveyed 150 yards to the 
society's first factory off Mill street at the corner of Passaic, 
as those streets were afterward laid out. 

The present dam was constructed in 1838-40, thereby 
converting the water into an artificial channel constructed 
across the deep ravine and through the rocks. From this 
point it is made to turn in succession three tiers of fac- 
tories, the height of the fall allowing three raceways, the 
water being used successively that number of times, after 
which it is once more discharged into the river at a distance 
of nearly half a mile from the point of leaving it. The 
minimum supply for mill purposes in a dry season is fifty 
square feet ; the aggregate horse-power is 2,646. The 
estimate of manufacturers is that a square fofct of water is 
equal to 21 horse-power gross and 19 horse-power net. 
The society owns rights and franchises for water storage by 
which it is claimed the present supply would be quadriqjled 
if found necessary. It is estimated that the average annual 
rental received by the society per square foot is $750. The 




Hon. Thomas Beveridge, 



"THE LYONS OF AMERICA." 9 

estimate of manufacturers of the average cost of the water 
is $37.50 per horse-power per annum. 

The fact that the important water franchise and a great 
part of the land on which the city of Paterson is built were 
held by the society under perpetual charter, with provisions 
exempting from tax and granting in all respects very 
sweeping powers, including the right of exercising munici- 
pal government over several square miles of territory, has 
been regarded by some as a very great disadvantage and as 
having retarded the growth of the city at an earlier date. 
It was claimed that the high rates demanded on leased 
water privileges, as for the mill sites owned by it, not only 
discouraged but in some instances drove away from the 
place wealthy men and strong corporations who otherwise" 
would gladly have located here. The current method of 
leasing, for a term of twenty-one years, with a right of 
purchase was regarded as pernicious in the degree that 
under this system the society had the power to exact higher 
rates than were equitable or profitable to purchasers. 

These objectionable features, however, are of only 
antiquarian interest, as such disabilities have long since 
been removed. The society, in 1848, concluded to sell 
outright in fee. The result on the prosperity of the young 
city was most salutary. 

Paterson is favored in other ways. The Morris canal 
runs through the city, and a very large freight business is 
done upon it, mostly coal and iron for the locomotive 
works, mills, etc. The Passaic river runs also through the 
city and is navigable from the Dundee dam to the Broad- 



10 "THE LYONS OF AMERICA." 

way bridge. A survey of the river lias been made by U. S. 
engineers, who have pronounced the work of making the 
river navigable to the heart of the city feasible. The time 
is not far distant when the river frontage will be in demand 
for manufacturing purposes and the shores of Dundee lake 
will be lined with factories, ice houses, lumber yards, oil 
warehouses, etc. 

The Valley of the Rocks is a wild glen where both 
Washington and Lafayette used to love to wander. The 
Revolutionary camp ground was near the falls, on the slope 
of the Totowa hills. 

The Cotton Industry. — Inspired by Alexander Ham- 
ilton, the Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures 
4nade preparations for the erection of a cotton mill to be 
equipped with the novel water-power machines (December 
5, 1791). This mill was erected on the west side of the 
present 'Mill street, a short distance north of Market street. 
It was the summer of 1794 before the mill was got into 
operation. This first Xew Jersey cotton mill was a small 
affair. The workmen had to be imported from England, 
Ireland and Scotland. Owing to poor management the mill 
did not prove a success, and in March, 1797, it was decided 
to lease the mill. With its destruction the manufacture of 
cotton bade fair to cease in Paterson, but the revival of the 
industry was rapid and remunerative. 

In 1810 the production of cotton, linen and woolen cloth 
for the year amounted to 201,836 yards in families, and 
456,250 yards of cotton goods, such as cassimeres, stripes, 
checks, shirtings, corduroys and fancy goods. There were 



"THE LYONS OF AM ki;k 'A." H 

585 looms in operation— 102 for weaving cotton goods— of 
which 70 were driven by water-power. Henceforth the 
business history of Paterson was one of constant develop- 
in cut and progression. 



CHAPTER II. 

SKETCH OF THE OLD FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

An Organization that Did Notable Service and Produced a Devoted 
Body of Men — Their Services Briefly Reviewed — Introduction of 
the Steam Engine — Some Big Fires. 

"T^HE beginnings of the tire department of Paterson were 
humble, as became the modest little manufacturing 
village located by Alexander Hamilton at " The Great Falls 
of the Passaick." Several mill owners had small hand- 
engines, not much better than a good-sized hand-squirt, and 
these w^re used with more or less eifect at the occasional 
fires that awoke the villagers from their quiet, hum-drum 
life. 

The first tire company was organized July 4th, 1815, 
and was appropriately called after the river that flowed by 
the settlement and furnished the mills and factories with 
(at that time) unlimited power. Passaic No 1 was the only 
company until February, 1821, when Neptune No. 2 was 
placed on duty, with a new engine built by James Smith, 
of New York. Other companies followed, and as the vil- 
lage developed into a town and ultimately grew into a city, 
the department increased in efficiency and usefulness, until 
it has reached a position that entitles it to praise and dis- 



8KET0H OF THE OLD FIRE DEPARTMENT. 13 

tinction amongst the fire fighters of America. Paterson is 
a leading manufacturing center, containing many tall build- 
ings, tlif floors of which are saturated with oil, and contain- 
ing heavy machinery covered with inflammable material in 
course of manufacture, all of which are capable of making 
trouble for the firemen, should a fire occur in their immedi- 
ate vicinity. 

Old residents of Paterson say that John Parke brought 
the first fire engine to this city. Mr. Parke was in business 
in Market street, near Mill, as early as 1807, spinning cot- 
ton and candle wick. In May of that year his mill burned 
down and the works were removed to Boudinot, now Yan 
Houten street, where Mr. Parke erected a small frame 
building. In 1810-11 he built a brick and stone mill which 
now forms a part of the Phoenix silk works. At the close 
of the war of IS 12 Parke failed, and the property passed 
out of his hands. 

Passaic 1 was the only company in the village until De- 
cember 1S20, when a new company known as Neptune 2 
was organized, going into service in February, 1821. This 
year the legislature erected the thickly settled portion of the 
village into a fire district with power to tax the inhabitants 
for fire protection. The first meeting of the Paterson Fire 
Association was held December 2, 1821. It was voted to 
raise by tax 82,300, and the fire wardens were directed to 
pay the militia fines of the firemen if they did not exceed 
$3.00 per man. August 3, 1825, the value of the real and 
personal property of the Fire Association was $2,325.94. 
The hook and ladder house was worth $29.25. The debts 



14 SKETCH OF THE OLD FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

were $55.94. John Benson was foreman of No. 1 aud Da- 
vid Keed of No. 2. In March, 1829, the first lot of sewed 
hempen hose was purchased. Before that time leather riv- 
eted hose had been used. Peter Tice built a house for the 
truck company at a cost of $150. The residents of Man- 
chester township petitioned the board of wardens for fire 
protection, but the wardens refused, it being out of the 
limits of the association. April, 1830, gates were placed on 
the Dublin Spring brook at Congress street, Ellison street, 
Van Houten street and Broadway for the purpose of dam- 
ming the water in case of fire. November, 1830, the Fire 
Association at their annual meeting instructed the wardens 
to endeavor to procure the passage of an act exempting fire- 
men from militia and jury duty after serving seven years 
as firemen. This is believed to be the first firemen's ex- 
emption law that was passed in New Jersey. 

In December, 1836, the firemen for the first time were 
given an opportunity to nominate their Chief and Assistant 
Engineers, John G. Bates for Chief, Nathaniel Lane First 
Assistant, and Albert I. Hopper Second Assistant being 
named. The wardens were not pleased with the nominees, 
and laid the question over, but as the firemen stood firm the 
wardens receded from their position and the nominations 
were confirmed. January 23, 1837, the wardens voted 
" That each engine company be allowed for refreshments 
when on duty at fire as follows : For one hour $2.50, for 
two hours $3.50, for four hours $5, and no more to be paid 
by the treasurer." Old firemen say that it was not at all 
unusual to run out five times in one night. November 15, 



SKETCH OF THE OLD BTEE DEPARTMENT. L6 

1837, the Chief was voted a salary of $50. In 184< » tin- 
firemen were given the privilege of voting directly for ( Ihief 
and Assistant Engineers. The election was held at Peter 
Archdeacon's Museum hotel, corner of Smith and Main 
streets. William Cnndell was elected Chief; Titns Ward 
and Cornelius IT. Post Assistant Engineers. 

The wardens of the Fire Association governed the de- 
partment until April, 1855, when they relinquished their 
charge to the care of the city authorities (Paterson having 
been made a city in 1851). Until 1854 all the engines in 
Paterson were of the goose neck style of build except the 
Phoenix engine, which was a double deck engine. In that 
year the wardens ordered a piano box engine from Van 
Ness, of New York, for Engine Company No. 1, but the 
weight of the engine was against it, and a lighter engine of 
the same style was purchased for the company from James 
Smith, of New York. 

When the city took charge of affairs improvements were 
made at once, new houses were built, new apparatus pur- 
chased, and in a few years the efficiency of the department 
was greatly increased. In the first thirty years of the ex- 
istence of the department the houses were small, one-story 
frame buildings, 10x20x8 in size. Sometimes they had holes 
cut in the rear wall to permit the ends of the brakes to pro- 
trude. A stationary bench was built around the two sides 
and rear of the house and furnished the seating accommo- 
dations for the members. A stove, a table and a lamp was. 
the usual outfit of an engine house in the primitive days of 
the department. Latterly the company's quarters were 



16 SKETCH OF THE OLD FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

built of brick and were commodious and comfortable, the 
upper room, or parlor, being furnished in gorgeous style. 

January, 1858, the Fire Committee reported to the 
Board of Aldermen, in response to a request for informa- 
tion, that the amount of pay received by the several fire 
companies from January, 1856, to January, 1858, was 
$1,454.61. The committee suggested a fixed amount of 
pay per annum. This was done and the Board voted to 
pay first-class engine companies $300.00 per annum ; sec- 
ond-class companies 8200.00 ; hook and ladder companies 
$250.00, and hose companies $200.00. The ordinance fix- 
ing the salaries went into effect March 1st, 1858. 

"Water for fire and domestic use was first introduced 
into the city in 1855 by the Passaic Water Company. In 
September, 1856, the city made a contract with the company 
for one hundred hydrants. 

In November, 1857, three two-wheeled jumpers were 
built for the use of the companies having piano box engines. 
Previous to this the hose had been carried on reels fastened 
upon the boxes of the engines. 

The volunteer firemen of Paterson, in common with 
firemen everywhere, bitterly opposed the introduction of 
r-team fire engines. They looked upon it as the death knell 
of the volunteer system, and hence they regarded it with 
anything but feelings of satisfaction. The credit of the 
introduction of steam into the Paterson department beLi.gs 
to "Washington Engine Co., No. 3, and particularly to ex- 
Chief John McKiernan, ex-Chief Daniel McClory, ex- 
Asst. -Chief Patrick Chapman, Henry Barclay (now a police 




John Stagg, 
chief. 




John Ghjmoke, 
assistant chief. 



BKETCH OF THE OLD FIBE DEPARTMENT. It 

sergeant), and Andrews -I. Rogers, all of whom were mem- 
bers of No. 3. 

In the fall of lSf>0, No. 3 visited Albany, Troy and 
Ponghkeepsie. While npon their trip they witnessed 
several tests of steamers (the Arba Read at Troy and Cat- 
aract 4 at IVughkeepsie). Upon their return to Paterson 
the above-named gentlemen began to agitate the question. 
It required considerable labor to persuade the company to 
take any stock in the affair. However, as a result of their 
efforts the company petitioned the board of aldermen to 
furnish them with a steam fire engine, offering to pay 
81,000 of the cost and reserving the right to buy the city's 
interest in the machine whenever the company could raise 
the necessary funds. 

The petition was referred to the tire committee, and in 
a few weeks they reported unfavorably, giving as a reason 
that "the city was not disposed to enter into a joint stock 
speculation with a fire company. That steam engines were 
as yet an experiment and none of the committee had ever 
seen one of them in operation." 

It is an interesting fact that the chairman of the com- 
mittee was foreman of one of the engine companies. This 
was intended as a dampener and partly effected its purpose, 
but McKiernan was not discouraged and found another way 
to accomplish his object. Ex-Chief Nat Lane, by whom 
McKiernan was employed, furnished Lee & Lamed, of 
New York, with the brass work for their engines, and he 
was an enthusiast in everything that pertained to fire 
apparatus. Messrs. Lane and McKiernan requested Lee & 



IS SKETCH OF THE OLD FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Darned to send an engine to Paterson on trial. The firm 
had a small engine named the " Mary Ann." This was 
brought up, and was received by No. 3. A parade was 
made through the city, followed by a dinner to which the 
city authorities and all the prominent citizens were invited. 
A fireman's dinner without speeches would be an anomaly 
and this one was no exception to the rule. Foreman 
McKiernan had his say, of course, and in his remarks he 
recited the difficulty he had encountered in procuring the 
presence of the machine; told of the offer the company 
had made to the city and closed by saying that if the city 
would not buy improved apparatus the firemen would pro- 
cure it without their aid, and said that the company stood 
ready to pay 81,000 toward the cost of the steamer. 

George Wiley, a prominent manufacturer and an active 
member of the company, instantly arose and said : "I will 
give another hundred. ,? Others followed and in a few 
minutes over fourteen hundred dollars was pledged by 
those present, making, with the sum offered by the com- 
pany, $2,400. Everything seemed to indicate the purchase 
of the " Mary Ann " or a similar machine, but the rebellion 
broke out soon afterwards, and in the earnest efforts made 
by the Paterson firemen in common with their fellow- 
workers all over the North to advance the cause of the 
Union, the plans for purchasing a steam engine were lost 
sight of and the matter was allowed to drop, as in a short 
time No. 3's ranks were so depleted by the members enlist- 
ing that the company was compelled to appeal to the citi- 



BKETOB OF THE OLD PISE DEPARTMENT. L9 

zens, asking them to join the company and in that way 
make up their numbers to an effective force. 

Paterson had at that time several craci militia com- 
panies, but they did not volunteer with greater alacrity 
than the firemen. Engine Co. No. 1 had forty-two mem- 
bers. Underneath the names of twenty-eight in the due 
book are written these words: "Absent in defense of his 
country." That company's runners (the Passaic Associa- 
tion) enlisted almost to a man. Engine companies 2 and 3 
furnished two full companies for the 25th Regt. New 
Jersey Volunteers ; Co. A, Captain John McKiernan, and 
Co. C, Captain Archibald Graham, the former mainly com- 
posed of engine 3's men and the latter made up from 
members of No. 2. Andrew Derrom, colonel of the 25th, 
was an old fireman, having served nine years in No. 2, and 
nearly every line officer in the regiment had seen service as 
a fireman. Every company recruited in Paterson had in its 
ranks many firemen, while Co. K, 13th Regt. Volunteers, 
had for its captain Hugh C. Irish, for many years one of 
No. l's most active members. The part taken by Paterson 
firemen in suppressing the rebellion is a grand one. It has 
never been written, but when it is made the subject of the 
historian's pen it will be found an interesting theme. As 
the war progressed and promotion followed bravery, the 
fire companies whose members were thus advanced were in 
the habit of presenting them with the paraphernalia per- 
taining to the rank conferred. The files of the daily papers 
frequently contained accounts of presentations to fortunate 
officers. 



20 SKETCH OF THE OLD FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

James McKiernan, of No. 4, was elected Chief Engineer 
in April, 1861, enlisted in the following September, and 
came home major of the 7th New Jersey infantry, his duties 
as chief being performed for the balance of his term, while 
he was absent at the front, by his assistants. 

With the exception of a few weeks in winter when the 
snow lay deep, and for two or three days about the Fourth 
of July, the apparatus was drawn by hand. The question 
of the use of horses was an ever fresh topic of discussion 
amongst the firemen, as it was generally supposed that a 
paid force would follow close upon the heels of the horses. 
There is little doubt that this feeling had much to do with 
the delay, although all admit now that it was a mistake to 
suppose that the volunteer department would go to pieces 
with rapidity. 

The introduction of horses into the department perma- 
nently 1 dates back to May, 1SS4, at which time Passaic 
Engine Co., No. 1, purchased at its own expense a team of 
hay horses for its steamer. In August of the same year 
another horse was bought by the company for the hose 
cart. 

William H. Whittaker was appointed driver of the 
engine, and for the first six months after the hose cart horse 
was bought a detail of six members acted, as call drivers. 
In the spring of 1885 Cornelius F. O'Neil was appointed to 
drive the hose cart. In August, 1885, the city authorities 
purchased teams for engines 3, 4, and 5, and truck 2. 
Christopher Cubby, Patrick Sweeny, William Cook and 
Martin Brandt were appointed drivers, and John Weber 



SKETCH OF THE OLD FTRE DEPARTMENT. 21 

was given the position of tillerman. In the Bummer of 
L886 horses were furnished for the hose wagons of engines 
4 and 5. the hose cart of engine 3, and truck 1. Peter 
Riley, William Stannard, Daniel W. Leonard and David 
McAllister were appointed drivers, and Thomas Klvin 
tillerman. The following year engines 2, 6, 7, 8, and 9, 
were given teams, and John Breen, Allison Roswell, Alfred 
Rogers, John Ellis and Michael Condon were appointed to 
the position of drivers. In October, 1SSS, Michael Farrell, 
of engine 9, was appointed permanent substitute driver and 
placed in charge of the chief's gig. The pay of the perma- 
nent men was 8T20.00 per annum until 1887, when it was 
made $850.00 per year. 

At the fire which destroyed Allen, Reynolds & Co.'s 
tobacco factory in Yan Houten street, in November, 1865, 
Patrick Brophy, of engine company Xo. 3, was buried in 
the ruins and killed, and James Johnson, engine ISTo. 5, was 
overcome with the heat at the lire at the Danforth Locomo- 
tive Works, July 8th, 1866, and died in a few hours. 

Previous to 1868 the leather hose was slushed at each 
engine house. In 1868 the present city hose house in 
Bridge street was erected and the firemen were relieved 
from the disagreeable task of slushing. In IS 71 the first 
rubber hose was purchased, and in 1881 the first lot of 
cotton hose went into service. The Gamewell fire alarm 
telegraph was introduced in 1872-73, going into service 
March 1st, 1S73, with twenty-three street boxes, three tower 
bell strikers, six gongs, one three-circuit repeater and seven- 
teen miles of wire. Edward Gore was the first superin- 



22 SKETCH OF THE OLD FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

tendent of fire alarm. His successors have been Edward 
Swift, William Hobson and James F. Zeluff. From 1821 
to 1838 the wardens appointed the chief and assistant engi- 
neers. In 1838 and 1839 the wardens appointed upon 
nominations made by the firemen, and from 1840 down to 
the present time they have elected their officers with the 
exception of James Radcliffe, who was appointed assistant 
engineer by the board of aldermen in the spring of 1869. 
The first salary paid was to Chief Lane in 1839, and was 
$50 per annum. The assistants w r ere not paid until 1851, 
when they were given $25 yearly salary. The companies 
are now paid as follows : Engine Co. No. 1 (independent, 
owning their apparatus and horses), $2,175.00 ; eight other 
engine companies, $675 each ; two truck companies, $340.00 
each ; three hose companies, $300.00 each ; engine compa- 
nies are allowed fifty men each, truck companies forty men 
each, and hose companies thirty men each. Horses were 
introduced in the department in May, 18S4, and sliding 
poles in 1885. 



CHAPTEK III. 

CHIEFS AND ^ASSISTANT ENGINEERS. 

Pasl and Preseul Department Commanders— A Roster of Well-known 
Names — Date of Appointment and Term of Service. 

' I T HE following is an almost complete list of the chief 
and assistant engineers of the Paterson fire department, 
with date of appointment : 1821, February 7th, Timothy 
B. Crane, chief; 1821, December 28th, Samuel Colt, chief. 
At the same meeting Mr. Colt's election was reconsidered. 
1822, January 4th, the wardens voted to serve as chief 
monthly in alphabetical order. 1S23, March 22d, Timothy 
B. Crane, chief; 1824, January 5th, Timothy B. Crane, 
chief ; 1825, December 9th, Timothy B. Crane, chief; John 
Rutan and Andrew Parsons, assistant engineers. 1826, 
December 6th, Timothy B. Crane, chief ; 1827, December 
10th, Andrew Parsons, chief; John Rutan, assistant engi- 
neer. 1828, November 14th, Andrew Parsons, chief ; John 
G. Bates, first assistant ; David Reid, second assistant. As 
Mr. Bates declined to serve, Dec. 1st, Mr. Reid was 
appointed first assistant and Cornelius S. Post second assist- . 
ant. 1829, November 2d, John G. Bates, chief ; Peter F. 
Merselis, assistant engineer. Mr. Merselis declining, Novem- 
ber 9th, John Garrison was appointed first assistant and 



24 CHIEFS AND ASSISTANT ENGINEERS. 

Charles D. Clinton second assistant. 1830, no record of 
appointments. 1831, November Ytli, Josiali M. Crismond, 
chief ; Horatio Moses, first assistant ; John II. Ryerson, 
second assistant. 1832, November 23d, John G. Bates, 
chief ; Alexander Paul, first assistant ; Albert Hopper, sec- 
ond assistant. 1833, November 5th, John Sloat, chief ; 
Cornelius II. Post, first assistant ; Nathaniel Lane, second 
assistant. 1834, November 4th, Nathaniel Lane, chief 
(Lane resigned March 9th, 1835); Cornelius H. Post, first' 
assistant ; Henry Tan Houten, second assistant. 1835, 
November 18th, Cornelius Speer, chief ; Giles Van Ness, 
first assistant ; Henry Tan Houten, second assistant. 1836, 
December 30th, Horatio Moses, chief. 1837, January 9th, 
John G. Bates, chief ; Nathaniel Lane, first assistant ; 
Albert I. Hopper, second assistant. 1837, November 8th, 
John G. Bates, chief; Nathaniel Lane, first assistant; 
Cornelius V. W. Post, second assistant. 1838, November 
14th, Nathaniel Lane, chief ; Edward McKeon, first assist- 
ant; Robert Fields, second assistant. 1839, November 
15th, Nathaniel Lane, chief ; John Bentley, first assistant ; 
Giles Yan Ness, second assistant. On March 27th, 1840, 
Messrs. Bentley and Yan Ness resigned and the wardens 
appointed William Masters first assistant and Jacob Yan 
Houten second assistant. 1840, November 11th, William 
Cundell, chief ; Titus Ward, first assistant; Cornelius H. 
Post, second assistant. 1841, William Cundell, chief, no 
date of election. 1842, Nathaniel Lane, chief; John Ben- 
son, first assistant ; Cornelius Westervelt, second assistant. 
1843, Nathaniel Lane, chief; Alfred Westervelt, first assist- 



CHIEFS AND ASSISTANT ENGINEERS. 25 

ant ; Peter B. Westervelt, second assistant. 1844, Nathaniel 
Lane, chief ; Austin McCloud, first assistant ; Robert Smith, 
second assistant. 1845, John W. Ackerson, chief, no date 
of election. 1840, Nathaniel Lane, chief, no date of elec- 
tion. 1847, Nathaniel Lane, chief, no date of election. 
1848, May, Thomas O. Smith, chief; Michael B. Murphy, 
first assistant ;• Richard B. Chiswell, second assistant. 1849, 

1850, 1851, May 29th, Thomas O. Smith, chief; 

Patrick Curran, first assistant. There being a tie vote no 
election was had for second assistant. 1852, Thomas O. 
Smith, chief ; Patrick Curran, first assistant ; Griffith King, 
second assistant. 1853, Patrick Curran, chief; William 
Douglass, first assistant ; Thomas Farnon, second assistant. 
1854, Thompson Titus, chief ; Thomas Farnon, first assist- 
ant. 1855, William Sykes, chief; John Bowering, James 
A. King, assistants. 1856, William Sykes, chief ; John 
Bowering, James A. King, assistants. 1857, John Bower- 
ing, chief ; James A. King and Thomas Farnon, assistants. 
1858, John Bowering, chief ; William Killen and Thomas 
Farnon, assistants. 1859, James A. King, chief; Jonathan 
W. Hockett and William Killen, assistants. 1860, James 
A. King, chief; John Gillespie and James McClory, assist- 
ants. 1861, James McKiernan, chief; George J. Bunce 
and Peter Fields, assistants. 1862, Peter Fields, chief; 
John McKiernan and John Hinchliffe, assistants. 1863, 
William Killen, chief ; John Schoonmaker and Jacob Pfitz- 
meir, assistants. 1864, William Killen, chief ; Edward 
Swift and Jacob Pfitzmeir, assistants. 1865, Edward 



26 CHIEFS AND ASSISTANT ENGINEERS. 

Swift, chief ; George W. Steed and Lawrence Ryan, assist- 
ants. 1866, Daniel McClory, chief; Andrew Moser and 
Charles Reed, assistants. 1867, Andrew Moser, chief; 
Joseph Bousseleth and Dewitt C. Simonton, assistants. 
1868, John McKiernan, chief; Patrick Sweeney and 
George Young, assistants. 1869, Patrick Sweeney, chief; 
Edward Gore, William E. Heimlich and Jas. Radcliffe, 
assistants. 1870$ Edward Gore, chief; James Doherty, 
George Burton and James Atchison, assistants. 1871, 
James Atchison, chief ; Patrick Chapman, William Martin 
and Thomas Mullen, assistants. 1872, William Martin, 
chief ; Edward Fanning, George M. Case and Thomas 
Mullen, assistants. 1873. James I. King, chief for two 
years : assistants, William Bailey, two years ; Joseph Buck- 
lev, one year. James I. King was the first chief elected 
for a term of two years. Bailey and Buckley, assistant 
engineers elect, drew lots to see who would have the two- 
vear term. Bailey was the fortunate man. Thereafter the 
chiefs and assistants were elected for two years. 1874, 
Bartholomew Ileilly. a-sistant. 1875, John E. Eegner, 
chief ; Fredrick Wieler, assistant. 1876, Lambert Bomaine, 
assistant. I s 77. David I. Turnbull, chief; William Bland, 
assistant. 1878, Patrick Morrison, assistant. 1879, Bar- 
tholomew Reilly, chief ; Gustave Specht, assistant. 1*880, 
James Kearney, assistant. 1881, Leonard Garrison, chief; 
Daniel W. Leonard, assistant. 1882. Louis Brandt, assist- 
ant. 1S83. John MacDonald. chief; Peter Zeluff, assistant. 
1884, Samuel S. Pounds, assistant. 1885, James Kearney, 



CHIEFS AM) assistant ENGDTEEBS. 27 

chief ; Charles Carroll, assistant. 1886, Frank \V. King, 
assistant. 1887, John Stagg, chief; John Struck, assistant. 
1888, John Crottj, assistant. 



CHAPTER IV. 

ENGINE AND HOSE COMPANY SKETCHES. 

When Organized and Where Located— The Goose-neck and Piano-box 
Engines — The Amoskeag — The Silsby — Modern Apparatus— Hose 
and Hook and Ladder Companies. 

i^ASSAIC Engine Co., No. 1, was organized July 4th, 
1815. The first location of which we have any 
knowledge was in a small, one-story frame building on the 
north side of Yan Houten street, east of Prospect street, 
which was occupied until January, 1843, when the house 
was burned down. They then were housed in the old house 
of Engine Co. No. 2 on Market street, opposite Prospect 
street, until the latter part of February of the same year, 
when they removed to a two-story frame building on the 
corner of Broadway and Mulberry street. This house 
sheltered them until the spring of 1853, at which time they 
took possession of a two-story brick building adjoining 
their old quarters. Here they were stationed until 1871. 
In May of that year they removed to their present commo- 
dious quarters, No. 112 Yan Houten street. The first 
engine used by the company was a cumbersome affair oper- 
ated by hand brakes and a roller, underneath the box, upon 
which the rope was wound. In May, 1822, an engine was 



ENGINE AND HOSE COMPANY SKETCH is. 29 

purchased from Sayre & Force, of New York. This was a 
side brake engine. In June, 1835, the famous Black Hawk, 
a goose-neck machine built by James Smith, of New York, 
was received by the company. In March, 1853, they pro- 
cured a Van Ness engine, piano-box style. This machine 
was so heavy that in 1855 a Smith piano-box engine was 
purchased and was used until May, 1866. In December, 
1865, the company purchased an unfinished single pump 
Banks steamer in New York. It was completed in the 
engine house and went in service the following May. This 
machine did duty until September, 1871, at which time 
Harrell & Hayes, of Paterson, N. J., built a double pump 
engine for them at a cost of $5,000. This did good service 
until January, 1886, when they bought their present appar- 
atus (a Button steamer). This company was the first to 
introduce horses in the department, in 1884; the sliding 
pole, in 1885, and the steam heater in 1886. 
Neptune Engine Co. No. 2. 
This company was organized in December, 1820. Their 
first engine was a goose-neck built by Smith, of New York. 
In 1810 they received a new goose-neck engine built by 
James Smith. Their next engine was a piano-box machine 
built by William Jeffers, of Paw tucket, R. I., and delivered 
February 2 2d, 1861. In February, 1872, the company 
purchased at their own expense a double pump steam fire 
engine. The company was out of service for several 
months during 1875. In July, 1876, they were given a 
double pump steamer built by Joseph Nussey, of Paterson, 
They used this engine until the spring of 1883, when the 



30 ENGINE AND HOSE COMPANY SKETCHES. 

city authorities bought and put in their charge the Jeffers 
steamer formerly run by them. The company were first 
housed in a shed on the south side of Market street, east of 
Main. Later they occupied a one-story frame house lower 
down the street, opposite Prospect street. Here they 
remained until 1842, when they removed to their present 
location on Hotel street. Five years later they were burned 
out, but the house was immediately rebuilt. 

AVashixgton Engine Co. No. 3. 

This company was organized and placed in service April 
20th. 1828, in a two-story brick and stone building on the 
west side of Washington street, below Fair street. Their 
first engine was a goose-neck engine built by Ephraim 
Force, of New York. In 1836 the engine was removed to 
a frame building on Ellison street, south side, near Pros- 
pect street. In July, 1818, the house burned down and a 
two-story brick building was built for them. They 
remained at this spot until 1856, when they removed to 
their present quarters on Prospect street. They ran their 
goose-neck until 1856, when they received a piano-box 
engine built by James Smith, of New York. In July, 
1861, a single pump Jeffers steam engine was placed in 
their charge. This was the first steamer used in Paterson. 
In September, 1881, a second-class double pump Amoskeag 
engine was purchased for the company and is now being 
used by them. 

Phosnix Engine Co. No. 1. 

This company was organized September 12th, 1828. 
Their apparatus was the double decker owned by the Phce- 



ENGINE AM) HOSE COMPANY BKETCHE8. 31 

nix Manufacturing Co., and during the brief existence of 
the company they were quartered in a two-story frame 
building on the south side of Boudinot (now Van Houten) 
street. Their machine was the only double decker ever in 
service in this city, and the membership, as a rule, was 
composed of persons in the employ of the Phoenix corpora- 
tion. Each member was provided with a white duck coat. 
which hung on a peg in the engine house. The question 
of who was to pay sundry hills incurred by the company 
was the cause of frequent dehates at meetings of the fire 
wardens, and finally, on August 11th, 1842, the wardens 
notified the company that their services were no longer 
needed, and their connection with the fire department of 
the Town of Paterson was severed. 

Jackso.v Engine Co. Xo. 1. 

This company was organized and placed in service in 
the fall of 1S55. Their first engine was a piano-box engine 
built by James Smith, of New York. A two-story brick 
house was built for them on Slater street, near Jersey, 
where they are still located. They ran the Smith engine 
until Thanksgiving Day. 1868, when they received a new 
steamer from the Paterson Steam Fire Engine Works, 
which was the first fire engine built in Paterson. Their 
present steamer (a Clapp cv; Jones) was delivered to them in 
1882. 

Peotectiox Engine Co. No. 5. 

This company was organized in the spring of 1S32 and 
went into service with a Smith goose-neck engine. They 
lay at the southwest corner of High and Temple streets. 



32 ENGINE AND HOSE COMPANY SKETCHES. 

They were burned out in 1856 and 1860. In 1861 their 
present quarters were erected for them. In 1865 the com- 
pany received, in place of their first and only goose-neck 
engine, a piano-box machine built by John N. Dennison, of 
NeAvark, N. J. This was run by them until November, 
1870, when they were given a third-class double pump 
engine built by the Paterson Steam Fire Engine Works. 
In 1884 they received their present Silsby engine. 
Engine Co. No. 6. 

When a new goose-neck engine was purchased for 
Neptune No. 2, in the spring of 1840, their old engine was 
placed in charge of a new company which was stationed at 
the corner of Broadway and Mulberry streets. The com- 
pany was short-lived, never having over thirteen members, 
and they were disbanded December 6, 1842. 
Vigilant Engine Co. No. 6. 

This company was organized January 1st, 1867. They 
were given the hand engine last used by Engine Co. No. 1, 
and were housed in a one-story frame building which stood 
on a lot adjoining their present quarters, where they lay 
until the brick house was quilt for them. In the fall of 
1871 they were furnished with a third-class double pump 
steamer, built by the Paterson works. In the winter of 
1887 their present Clapp & Jones engine came. 
Lexington Engine Co. No. 7. 

This company was instituted in 1868. The company 
was composed of residents of Totowa, and their engine was 
the Smith machine used by Engine No. 3 at the time the 
latter company's Jeffers steamer came. They were quar- 




James (J. Miixs, 

ASSISTANT CHIEF. 



ENGINE AND B08B COMPANY BKBTCHES. '■'>'■> 

tered in a one-story frame building at the corner of Sheri- 
dan avenue and Benry street. The company was soon 
disbanded. Their last appearance in public was on a Satur- 
day afternoon, when they took their engine to "Molly 
Ann's" brook for a "wash" and left her there. 
Liberty Engine Co. No. 7. 

This company was organized August 9th, 1871, and 
went into service in April, 1872. Their first engine was a 
piano-box engine, formerly used by Engine No. 6. They 
were first located in a one-story frame building on the lot 
where their present quarters are situated. In September, 
1879, their present engine, a single pump Clap}) & Jones, 
was put in service. 

Lafayette Engine Co. No. 8. 

This company was instituted in 1872, going into service 
in August of that year. They first ran from a one-story 
frame building located on Sherman avenue, near Totowa 
avenue. They were given the engine which Lexington No. 
7 had used. Their next location was at the corner of 
Wayne avenue and Liberty street, where they are now 
located. The city fathers placed in their charge in Septem- 
ber, 1874, a double pump engine built by the Paterson 
works. Their present house, a two-story brick one, was 
built in 1876. 

Paterson Engine Co. No. 9. 

This company was organized in 1882 and went on duty 
March 3d, 1S83, with No. 2's old Nussey engine, which 
they still run. They were first housed in a brick building 
at the corner of Jackson street and Washington avenue. 



34 ENGINE AND HOSE COMPANY SKETCHES. 

They took possession of their present quarters in February, 
1884. 

Columbia Hose Co. No. 1. 

This company was organized in April, 1855. Their first 
apparatus was a four-spring carriage with three bells. The 
company were first quartered in John (now Ellison) street, 
between Engine No. 3 and Truck No. 1, for a few months, 
until their present home in Broadway was built. Their 
house was furnished in a handsome and costly manner. At 
a fight which occurred in the fall of 1856 two members of 
Hose No. 1 joined Engine No. 5's men in resisting an 
attack from Engine No. 4's men, and as a result they were 
expelled from the department and Engine Co. No. 5 dis- 
banded. Hose No. 1 demanded a fair trial for their 
expelled brothers. This being refused they voluntarily 
disbanded and ended their career by a supper at John Wal- 
den's Washington Hotel. A new company went into 
service January 16th, 1857. On July 4th, 1864, the com- 
pany received their present carriage from William Jeffers, 
of Pawtucket, R. I. 

Cataract Hose Co. No. 2. 

This company was organized June 10th, 1869, and went 
into service December 1st of that year. The city purchased 
of Thomas Peto, of Philadelphia, the carriage now run by 
them. The company was quartered in Engine No. l's 
house until July 10th, 1870, when they took possession of 
their new house at the corner of Auburn and Goodwin 
streets. 



ENGINE AND HOSE COMPANY SKETCHES. '■'■> 

II iiiERNiA Hose Co. No. 3. 

This company was organized in L869, and went into 
Bervice February 1st, 1870. Their carriage was built by 
Nichols & Co., at the Paterson Steam Fire Engine Works. 
It ia the same style of carriage as Hose No. 2. The city- 
erected a house for them upon the lot adjoining Engine No. 
4's house, where they are still quartered. 

Eagle Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1. 

This company was organized and placed in service 
March 22d, 1839. July 23d, 1848, their house on Ellison 
street, next to No. 3's house, was burned down, and a small 
two-story brick house was built for them upon the same 
site. In 1856 they went into new quarters on Prospect 
street. August 4th, 1858, they received a new goose-neck 
reach truck from Pine & Partshorn, of New York, which 
they ran until February 22d, 1872, when they were given 
a light truck built in Brooklyn, N. Y., and the year follow- 
ing they went to their present house on Jackson street. In 
July, 1880, their house, apparatus and furniture were 
burned up. Their house was immediately re-built, but 
they did not receive their present apparatus until Septem- 
ber, 1881. 

GrERMANIA HoOK AND L ADDER Co. No. 2. 

This company was instituted in the fall of 1871. They 
went into service April 1st, 1872, using the old Eagle truck 
and running from a shed in the rear of old Military Hall, 
corner of Cross and Ellison streets, until they occupied the 
old Eagle truck house in Prospect street in 1873. Their 
present truck w T as placed in service in December, 1882- 



CHAPTER V. 

A CITY ORDINANCE, IS 75. 

Providing for the Regulation, Management and Government of the 
Department— Elections, How Conducted— Officers and Elections- 
Duties and Responsibilities. 

TT J E now approach a period wlien the history of the 
fire department rests upon recorded and authenti- 
cated facts, as revealed in the successive annual reports of 
the Chief Engineer, and in the laws and ordinances. So far 
the story has been followed as recorded in the published 
sketch mentioned in the preface. The present writer takes 
up the history where it has been dropped, and continues it 
to the present in consecutive form. 

An ordinance for the general regulation, management 
and government of the fire department of the city of Pater- 
son, passed April 9th, 1875, provided that each fire engine 
company might have, but should not exceed, seventy-live 
members; that each hook and ladder company might have, 
but should not exceed, sixty members; that each hose com- 
pany might have, but should not exceed, sixty members. 

That the election for Chief Engineer and two Assistant 
Engineers of the fire department should be held on the first 
Tuesday after the first Monday in May, 1875, between the 
hours of 7 and 9 o'clock in the afternoon, at the house of 



A CITY 0BDINAN0E, L875. .')< 

each company, and the person so elected Chief Engineer 
should hold office for the term of two years from the 20th 
day of May, L875, and his successor should be elected, in 
the manner above provided, on the first Tuesday after the 
first Monday in May, every two years thereafter. And the 
two Assistant Engineers so elected should one of them hold 
his office for the term of two years; and there should be 
elected one Assistant Engineer on the first Tuesday after 
the first Monday in May every year thereafter; and the two 
Assistant Engineers so to be elected should determine by lot 
which should hold the office for the term of two years. 

There should be elected by each company at such elec- 
tion one Judge of Election and one Clerk, who should pos- 
sess the same qualifications and perform the same duties at 
the said elections as near as might be for city officers, 
Judges of Election and Ward Clerks, who should before 
entering upon the duties of their respective offices take an 
oath or affirmation faithfully and impartially to perform all 
the duties of their offices according to law. 

Every duly qualified member of the department should 
be entitled to vote in person at any such election, at the 
engine house of the company of which he was at that time 
an active member. 

That it should be the duty of the Chief Engineer, to- 
gether with the Assistant Engineers, in case of fire, to see 
that the several fire engines, and the apparatus thereto be- 
longing, were worked and used in the most effectual manner 
for the extinguishment of the same ; and to enforce the ob- 



38 A CITY ORDINANCE, 1875. 

servance of good order among the members of the several 
fire companies while on duty. 

It was their duty also to examine the several fire en- 
gines, and the hose and apparatus thereto belonging, at least 
once in every two weeks, and to examine into the condition 
of all hydrants, and if any of the same were deficient, to 
designate the same particularly, and to report thereon once 
in each month. 

To each company organized and enrolled according to 
law, there should be one Foreman, one Assistant Foreman 
and Secretary," to be elected annually by the foremen of the 
company, and each to hold his office for one year, and until 
his successor was elected. 

All members of the Paterson Fire Department should, 
when on duty as firemen, wear the leather cap as hitherto 
used, or a badge as provided. 

That each enrolled company shall, as compensation 
therefor, in quarter-yearly payments, in lieu of all and every 
other charge or demand of any kind whatever, receive the 
following named sums per year, to wit: To Engine Compa- 
nies Nos. 1 and 2, each, $1,000; to Engine Companies JSTos. 
3, 4, 5, 6 and 8, each $500 ; Engine Company No. 7, $400 ; 
each Hook and Ladder Company, $340 ; each Hose Com- 
pany, $300. 

The foregoing are the leading features of the ordinance. 



CHAPTER VI. 

DIGEST OF SOME ANNUAL REPORTS. 

Views of the Mayor and Chief Engineer — Looking toward a Paid Fire 
Department — Recommending the purchase of a Steam Fire En- 
gine—The last Hand Engine. 

"T^HEKE is, as has been said, solid and sufficient historical 
material of the lire and police departments from 1875 
to date, thanks to the printed annual reports of the city offi- 
cers. From these reports the following chapters have been 
compiled. 

1876. — Mayor Benjamin Buckley, in his annual report, 
said that no city could be considered safe without a prop- 
erly organized and well-disciplined fire department. There 
was a great difference of opinion among the people, whether 
under the volunteer system, as then organized, an effective 
fire department could be obtained. There were many citi- 
zens, whose opinions were entitled to great weight, who 
contended strongly for a paid fire department. He did not 
think that the time had come when tax-payers were ready 
to approve of increasing the current expenses of the city to 
that extent which would be necessary to maintain a paid 
fire department. Assuming such to be the fact, efforts 
should be directed towards making the existing department 
as effective as possible. He had recently visited, with the 



40 DIGEST OF SOME ANNUAL KEPOKTS. 

Chief Engineer, all the engine houses in the city, and ex- 
amined carefully the different steamers, trucks, and hose 
carriages, together with the hose, and was glad to say that 
he found them, as a rule, in good condition. 

Chief Engineer John E. Regner's report showed that 
during the year ending May 1st, IS 76, there had been forty- 
six fires, five still alarms and two false alarms. The losses 
by fire and water amounted to $312,130.00, insurance, 
$273,130.00. 

The Department consisted of the following companies 
and apparatus : 

Passaic Steamer, No. 1; Washington Steamer, No. 3; 
Jackson Steamer, No. 4; Protection Steamer, No. 5; Vigi- 
lant Steamer, No. 6 ; Lafayette Steamer, No. 8 ; Liberty 
Hand Engine, No. 7 ; Eagle Hook & Ladder, No. 1 ; Ger- 
mania Hook & Ladder, No. 2; Columbia Hose Carriage, 
No. 1;' Cataract Hose Carriage, No. 2; Hibernia Hose Car- 
riage, No. 3 ; Neptune Hose Carriage, No. 2. 

In service, 4,000 feet of good rubber hose, 4,500 feet of 
leather hose, in poor condition. The apparatus in charge of 
the department was in good order with the exception of 
Steamer No. 4 and Steamer No. 5. He recommended the 
purchase of another steamer. An additional steamer would 
enable them to have at all times a sufficient force for any 
emergency. 

1877. — The recommendation of the Mayor in the pre- 
vious message for the building of a new house for Company 
No. 8 ; also the purchase of a new steamer for Company 
No. 2, and "the repairing of the house in Jackson street, had 



DIGEST OF SOME AN.NTAI, REPORTS. 41 

been adopted during the past year. Application had been 

been made for a new house for Engine Company, No. 7. 

The manual force of the department consisted of 1 < !hief 
Engineer, 2 Assistant Engineers, 508 members of engine 
companies, 137 members of hose companies, and 92 mem- 
bers of hook and ladder companies. Total, 737. 

The Chief reported the department in a good working 
condition, and the discipline worthy of all praise. 

The Mayor said lie believed that the department was not 
excelled by any volunteer deparinent in the country. 

1*78. — During the year there were 46 tires and 35 
alarms by telegraph, entailing a loss of $39,512 of property. 

The manual force of the department consisted of 1 Chief 
Engineer, 2 Assistant Engineers, 525 members of engine 
companies, 102 members of truck companies, 120 members 
of hose companies. Total, 750. 

The apparatus consisted of seven steam lire engines and 
tenders, one band engine and hose cart, two hook and lad- 
der trucks, three hose carriages and one supply wagon ; all 
in fair working condition. 

The department had experienced a great deal of trouble 
with defective hose, which had all been tested and repaired, 
with indifferent success. 

1S79. — Mayor Graham, in his annual report, recom- 
mended that a new steam fire engine be purchased for the 
use of Engine Company, No. 7, Tyler street, as the hand 
engine was useless. 

The totals are as follows: number of fires, 44; loss,." 
$258,487 ; insurance on loss, $124,468. 



4:2 DIGEST OF SOME ANNUAL REPORTS. 

The efficiency of the department, the Major said, and 
the faithfulness of its members, were matters of record. 

1880. — The Mayor, as usual, was eulogistic in his report 
of the workings of the department. 

During the past year the department had been increased 
by the purchase of a new steamer for ]So. 7 Company. 
This dispensed with the last hand engine in the depart- 
ment, bringing the number of steamers up to eight. 

All the steamers were small and lightly built, and the 
Mayor recommended that a large, first-class engine be pur- 
chased, to be located in the house of one of those companies 
situated in the center of the city, where it would do the 
most effectual work ; also, that a steamer be placed in the 
southern part of the city. as. from the construction of the 
buildings in that section, there was great danger of a large 
destruction of property should a fire occur. 

The whole cost of the department during the year was 
$31,279.57. 

The fire department telegraph, under the management 
of the present superintendent, was in good condition and 
had generally done its work satisfactorily. But with the 
utmost care on the part of the superintendent, failures 
would occur, which might be attributed to the wires of the 
department being in collision with other boxes. 

New signal boxes were from time to time added in lo- 
calities needing them, as frequency of alarm stations en- 
hanced the chances for early alarms. 

1882. — The special committee appointed to perfect a fire 
escape ordinance had never been able to make a report. It 



DIGEST OF SOME A.NNTAI, REPORTS. 48 

was deemed important that such a limit should be estab- 
lished; also, a Bureau of Permits, where all plans for new 
buildings should be submitted for approval before they 
could be erected. Fire escapes had been placed on most of 
the large factories, and steps taken to perfect the ordinance 
bearing on this subject. 

The manual force of the department consisted of 1 ( !hief 
Engineer, 2 Assistant Engineers, 572 members of engine 
companies, 14s members of hose companies, and 109 mem- 
bers of truck companies; making a total membership of 832. 

1883. — The Mayor recommended that the ordinances of 
the city in regard to lire limits should be so made that they 
would operate uniformly. Unless a uniform rule was en- 
forced there would never have been buildings of brick or 
stone in the thickly settled part of the city. Horses should 
also be purchased for a portion of the fire engines, so that in 
case of emergency the engines might be rapidly taken to 
fires. 



CHAPTEK VII. 

DISAPPEARANCE OF THE HAND ENGINE. 

Employment of Horses for Moving of Engines— Improved Steam Ap- 
paratus—Membership of the Department— Fires and Alarms- 
Chief Stagg Complimented. 

TN 1884 the Mayor complained in his message that a clas& 
of buildings was being thrust upon the city in violation 
of the ordinance concerning fire limits. Permits had been 
granted continually for altering and enlarging the tinder- 
boxes within these limits. The schools, churches and halls 
should be provided with fire escapes, and the strength of the 
walls ascertained. 

During the year there had been 37 bell alarms, and 8 
still alarms. 

Chief MacDonald recommended the purchase of a new 
steam fire engine for Protection Steam Fire Engine Com- 
pany, No. 5 ; also, a new tender for Paterson Steam Fire 
Engine Company, No. 9. 

During the year a new engine house had been built at 
South Paterson, for Engine Company, No. 9, and a new 
steam fire engine bought for Engine Company, No. 4. 

The force of the department consisted of 1 Chief Engi- 
neer, 2 Assistant Engineers, 613 members of engine compa- 



DISAPPEARANCE OF THE HANI) ENGINE. 45 

nies, 137 members of hose companies, and 102 members of 

truck companies. Total, 852. 

The apparatus consisted of nine steam engines, nine four- 
wheel tenders, three hose carriages, and two hook and ladder 
trucks ; one steam engine, old No, 4, held in reserve at the 
hose house, and one supply wagon. 

Totals: fires, 45; damage, $80,223.38; insurance, $305,- 
092.00. 

1885. — The Major expressed himself as of the opinion 
that the fire department should have, wherever practicable, 
horses for the moving of the engines. The delay of a few 
minutes in dragging an engine to a fire that might break 
out in the mills of the city where light fabrics were made 
or kept, might be great enough to cause an amount of loss 
that would justify the city in a moderate expenditure for 
horses to facilitate the movement of some of the steamers. 

It would not be necessary, he said, that all engine houses 
should be thus equipped at once or in the near future. The 
great efficiency of the volunteer department was universally 
recognized. 

There were located for tire purposes up to and including 
March 1st, 1885, 591 fire hydrants, an increase of 36 during 
the year. 

The apparatus consisted of nine steam fire engines, nine 
four-wheel tenders, three hose carriages, and two hook and 
ladder trucks, and one supply wagon. 

During the year there had been 77 fires and alarms, 
showing an increase over the previous year of 32, of which 



46 DISAPPEARANCE OF THE HAND ENGINE. 

there were 66 bell alarms, an increase of 29. There were 
11 still, an increase of 3. 

The city has grown so rapidly of late years, there was an 
actual necessity for the speedy conveyance of the fire appa- 
ratus to the scene of action ; and this required the equip- 
ment of horses for some of the fire companies ; a state of 
affairs brought to the attention of the Mayor and Board of 
Aldermen by Chief John MacDonald. 

1886.— The foregoing recommendations of the Chief 
were endorsed by Mayor Beckwith in his annual message. 
He, also, favored the purchase of horses, and whenever 
steamers were to be bought to replace old ones, or as an in- 
crease in the established number, they should, he said, be of 
the most ample power and of the first quality. 

The force of the department consisted of 1 Chief Engi- 
neer, 2 Assistant Chief Engineers, 571 members of engine 
companies, 121 members of hose companies, 100 members 
of hook and ladder companies, making a total membership 
of 792 men. 

The apparatus consisted of nine steam fire engines, nine 
four-wheel tenders, three hose carriages and two hook and 
ladder trucks, and one supply wagon. 

There were, besides, of old apparatus, two steam fire en- 
gines, one old No. 4, stored in Eagle Truck House, Jackson 
street, and one old JSTo. 5, stored in the Hose House shed, 
Bridge street. Also, one old four-wheel tender in the same 
shed. 

The various engine, hose, and hook and ladder houses 
were in very good condition, with the exception of Engine 



DISAPPEARANCE 01 i'IIK BAND ENGINE. 47 

Companies Nos. 4, 7 and 8, which were greatly troubled 

with the water in their cellars most of the year round. The 
horses were all doing well, and improving in their work, 
and the Chief recommended to have two sets of shoes and 
have a man to come and put them on in their several houses 
whenever required. 

1887. — The Mayor again adverted to the necessity of 
purchasing more horses. Nos. 2, 6, 7, 8 and 9 should, he 
said, have horses, if possible. 

The various engine, truck and hose houses were in pretty 
fair condition. A slight alteration to the house- of Truck 
No. 1 was needed, the raising of the door one foot higher; 
the water closets in the houses of Hose jSIo. 3 and Engine No. 
9 needed to be altered, and new ones put in and properly 
ventilated ; the back wall of the house of Engine JSTo. 5 had 
settled ; the cellar of Engine No. 7's house contained water 
all the year round, but w r as in a good condition every other 
way. 

During the year there had been 84 fires and alarms, an 
increase of 3 over previous year. There were 77 bell 
alarms and 7 still alarms. 

The Chief recommended the purchase of a new hose 
wagon for Engine Company No. 6, as the one they had was 
past its day of usefulness. He also said that the drivers and 
tillermen were not paid in proportion to the time ; they had 
long hours, and he would be pleased to see their pay in- 
creased. He advocated the placing of heaters in the houses 
of Engine Companies Nos. 3 and 4, and in. all houses where 
it was intended to put horses ; also, the appointment of a 



48 DISAPPEARANCE OF THE HAND ENGINE. 

permanent engineer in the same. He also recommended the 
purchase of three thousand feet of first-class Fabric hose, 
which, with proper care, would outlast the rubber hose ; 
and tenders could carry more of Fabric than of rubber hose. 
There was not a full quantity of good hose to give two 
changes, which every first-class city had. 

1888. — The Mayor paid a tribute to the efficiency of the 
department, as evidenced by the report of the Chief Engi- 
neer, John Stagg. He was rejoiced that his recommenda- 
tions had been carried out, resulting in giving all the 
steamers horses. 

The members of the Fire Department could be divided 
into four classes, viz : Permanent men, 18 ; partly paid or 
call men, 21 ; officers of companies, 40; members of compa- 
nies, 596 — making a total of 675. Of these 511 were at- 
tached to engines; 74 to trucks ; and 90 to hose companies. 
The permanent men consisted of Superintendent of Fire 
Alarm, 9 drivers of engines; 2 drivers of trucks; 4 drivers 
of hose wagons or hose carriages, and 2 tillermen. The call 
men consisted of Chief Engineer and 2 Assistants, and 18 
engineers for steamers. 

The annual salary of the above and of the respective 
companies is as follows : Chief Engineer, $600 ; Assistant 
Engineers, $300 ; Fire Alarm Superintendent, $600; Drivers 
of engines, wagons and trucks, $750: Tillermen, $750; 
Steamer Engineers, $87.50; Engine Companies — No. 1,"' 
$2,000; Xo. 2, $500; No. 3, $500; No. 4, $500; No. 5. 



* This company owns its apparatus and horses and pays its own drivers 
out of the allowance named. 




W. Cook, Captain. 
W. Allen, Captaii 



E. J. Coleman, Captaii). 
W. Boyle, Captain. 



DISAPPEARANCE OF THE HAND ENGINE. 49 

$500 ; No. 6, $500 ; No. 7, $500 ; No. 8, $500 ; No. 9, 
$500 ; Truck Companies— No. 1, $340 ; No. 2, $340 ; Hose 
Companies— No. 1, $300; No. 2, $300; No. 3, $300. 



CHAPTEK VIII. 

A PAID FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

The Volunteers Are Succeeded by the Present System — Radical 
Changes — Increased Expenditures — Efficiency of the Service 
Increased— Modern Methods and Scientific Appliances. 

TX the year 1888 the hoard of aldermen took away from 
the companies the election of chief and assistant engi- 
neers, and in May, 1889, appointed David I. Trumbull 
chief and John F. Murphy assistant engineer. During that 
year the department was reorganized by a special committee 
consisting of Aldermen Macdonald, Miller and Kearney, 
and a paid department succeeded the volunteer system on 
March '20th, 1890, with four permanent men in nine engine 
and three hook and ladder companies, and eight call men to 
each. John Gillmer succeeded John Crotty as assistant 
engineer in May, 1890. Chief Turnbull resigned May 5th, 

1890, and Assistant John Murphy was appointed to fill 
vacancy of term, John Struck succeeding Assistant 
Murphy. The Legislature, in the spring of 1891, passed 
a law making the office of chief and assistant engineers dur- 
ing good behavior, and in May, 1891, John Stagg was 
elected chief and James Mills assistant engineer. In June, 

1891, Assistant John Gillmer resigned and was reappointed 
under the law of 1S91. 



A PAID BTRE DEPABTMENT. 51 

The first break into the volunteer system was the dis- 
banding of the three hose companies in the spring of lsiio, 
and the formation of a new truck company known as Rapid 
II. & L. No. 3, which was located in quarters of Cataract 
Hose No. 3. 

Paterson was well pleased with the old volunteers, as no 
other band of men in any section of the country did their 
duty more faithfully, but the reorganization on a paid sys- 
tem was brought about by the increased duty of the men 
and the necessary taking, at the time of fires, of so many 
from the shops and factories. 

1889. — There were in the department 9 steam lire engines. 
A partially paid tire department and the organization of 
" call " men was earnestly recommended ; also the purchase 
of a chemical engine and that three steam engines be dis- 
pensed with ; it being conceded by fire authorities that six 
steamers and one chemical engine would be more practical 
as well as economical, if the department be organized with 
call men, similar to the Newark system. 

During the year the department had answered 141 
alarms of fire. The loss on buildings. $43,875.50 ; insur- 
ance, $278,500.00. Loss on stock, etc., $65,217.90 ; insur- 
ance, $128,320.00. Total loss, $109,093.40; insurance,. 
$406,520.00. 

The members of the department, divided into four 
classes, were as follows, viz : Permanent men, 19 ; partly 
paid, 21 ; officers of companies, 41 ; members of companies, 
555. Permanent men consisted of superintendent of fire 
alarm, nine drivers of engines, two drivers of trucks, four 



52 A PAID FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

drivers of hose wagons or carriages, two tillermen and one 
extra driver. The call men consisted of the chief, two 
assistants, and eighteen engineers for engines. The salaries 
of the above and the companies per annum were as follows : 
Chief engineer, $600 ; assistant engineers, $300 ; fire 
alarm superintendent, $600 ; drivers of engines, wagons and 
trucks, $750 ; tillermen, $750 ; steam engineers, $85 
engine companies— No. 1, $500 ; No. 2, $500 ; No. 3, $500 
No. 4, $500 ; No. 5, $500 ; No. 6, $500 ; No. 7, $500 ; No 
8, $500; No. 9, $500; truck companies— No. 1, $340; No 

2. $340 ; hose companies— No. 1, $300 ; No. 2, $300 ; No 

3, $300. 

1890. — The radical change made from a volunteer to a 
paid system would, Mayor Burnett thought, eventually 
bring about the dispensing with some of the engines. He 
suggested that one chemical engine, with five or six steam- 
ers, would suffice. 

On March 20th the department was reorganized by 
appointing four permanent and eight call men to each com- 
pany. To the department, with the knowledge of their 
disbandment, the chief engineer said he appreciated the 
earnestness and zeal which the department evinced in their 
services to the public during the past year under the contu- 
mely which always seems part of the reward of a volunteer. 

A review of this department for the past year would be 
partly as follows : 

Horses, hose wagons, etc., bought ; drivers appointed in 
engine companies Nos. 2, 6 and 7; horses bought for hose 
carriages in engine companies Nos. 8 and 9 ; heaters bought 



A PAID FIRE DEPARTMENT. 53 

for engines Nos. 3, 4 and 6 ; Babcock serial truck bought 
for truck company No. 1 ; organization of truck company 
No. 3, with apparatus from truck company No. 1, driver 
and tillerman appointed, horse and wagon furnished chief ; 
1,500 feet cotton hose placed in service ; 69 hydrants were 
set during the year, making a total of 784. 

1891. — The mayor said in his message that the transi- 
tion from a volunteer to a paid fire department had neces- 
sarily and materially increased the expenditures on this 
account, so that the money to be raised to avert the dangers 
of fire formed one of the most important items of the 
annual tax levy. Although the expense of maintaining the 
fire department had increased more in proportion than the 
expenses of other departments of the city government there 
were still sections of the city inadequately protected. 
West Paterson, Madison Park, the Eastside and other parts 
of the city claimed attention ; the residents there argued 
that they were entitled to the same protection accorded to 
others, just as they paid the same proportion of taxes. 
Nevertheless, the mayor said, he could not urge the pur- 
chase of more apparatus. If the protection afforded by the 
fire department could be equalized there would be sufficient 
for the whole territory embraced within the city limits ; 
the difficulty was that in past years engine houses were 
crowded together in the center of the city and little regard 
was had for property which was developing in other parts 
of the city. He would suggest inquiry into the feasibility 
of removing one or more of the engines from their present 
location to places where there was greater need of them. 



51 A PAID FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

This, in his estimation, could be accomplished with compar- 
atively little expense and the efficiency of the service might 
be thereby increased. 

The total manual force of the department consisted of 
one chief engineer ; two assistant engineers; thirteen cap- 
tains of companies ; ten engineers of steamers ; nine drivers 
of steamers; nine drivers of hose wagons; three drivers of 
II. ev; L. trucks; two drivers to chemical engine; one driver 
to chief engineer ; six tillermen of H. & L. trucks ; one 
keeper of hose and coal depot ; ninety-six call men, making 
a total of 153 men. 

The apparatus of the department consists of ten steam 
fire engines and one in reserve, seven hose wagons, two 
four-wheel hose carts, three hook and ladder trucks, one 
supply wagon, one chief's wagon. 

During the year, one double 60-gallon horizontal Bab- 
cock fire extinguisher was purchased and company formed 
of permanent men formerly connected with engine com- 
pany No. 2, and went in service September 14, 1890. The 
chemical engine had been of great service in the extinguish- 
ment of fires. Two third size Silsby steamers had been 
purchased, one for engine company No. 8 and the other for 
engine company No. 9. One hose wagon had been pur- 
chased and placed with engine company No. 8. One three- 
horse hitch was purchased for No. 1 truck, all of which had 
been of great service. 

Ground was purchased and a new engine house was 
erected on Highland street. Engine company No. 2 was 
reorganized and placed on duty there December 1, 1890, 



A l'AID K1KK liKl'AIM'MKN I. 00 

with Bteamer and hose wagon. At that point greater pro- 
tection from fire had been given to that section of the city 
known as Riverside. 

There were ninety-six bell alarms of fire on the fire 
alarm telegraph during the year. Of this number four 
were general and two second alarms. 

1892. — The following table shows the manual force of 
this department, with annual compensation paid : 

One chief engineer, $1,500 ; two assistant engineers, 
each, $1,000 ; thirteen captains, each, $900 ; two engineers 
of steamers, each, $875 ; eighteen drivers of steamers and 
wagons, each, $850; three drivers of trucks, each, $850; 
two drivers of chemical engine, each, $850 ; one driver of 
chief's wagon, $850 ; six tillermen of H. & L. truck, each, 
$850 ; one driver supply wagon, $850 ; ninety-five hosemen 
and laddermen at call, $150. 

Appointments. — 1891: John Stagg, chief engineer, 
May 6 ; James C. Mills, May 25 ; John Gillmor, June 
1 ; assistant engineers ; Frank Geroe, Feb. 15 ; Geo. Wass- 
mer, June 15, Geo. Y. Brower, Christian Mundrich, Chas. 
H. McGinnis, July 20; Wm. H. Ward, Sept. 10; Felix 
McCann, Thomas 1ST. Hallwell, Sept. 21 ; Archie Irwin, Dec. 
7 ; Wm. Butterworth, Dec. 21. 1892: H. Henry Harding, 
Feb. 15 ; John Clark, March 7, callmen. 

Apparatus. — The apparatus consists of nine steam fire 
engines and one in reserve ; eight hose wagons, one four- 
wheeled hose cart, and one in reserve ; three hook and lad 
der trucks, one of which is an 85-foot Babcock Aerial ; one 
chemical engine, one supply wagon and one chief's wagon. 



56 A PAID FIEE DEPARTMENT. 

The track used by H. & L. Co. No. 3, should, Chief Stagg 
said in his annual report, be replaced with a new steel frame 
city truck with all modern appliances, as one now in use 
is not safe for men to ride on, and ladders are old and rotten, 
and being constantly repaired. 

The value of the Chemical Engine and Extinguishers 
has been proved to the satisfaction of all, and instead of the 
purchase of another engine I would recommend that a com- 
bination hose and chemical wagon be placed in the houses 
of Engines Nos. 2 and 9, to be drawn by two horses. This 
would give the two outlying sections of the city more pro- 
tection than they now have ; also, to place in each of these 
companies at least two permanent men, and reducing their 
call force three or four men. 

Houses. — All the houses in the department are in good 
condition except Nos. 6, 9 and Truck No. 3. If the location 
of Engine No. 6 is not changed, very heavy repairs will be 
necessary to make it fit for its future use as a fire station. 
The front of house of Engine No. 9 needs repairing ; also, 
the back and side walls of Truck No. 3. The front doors in 
house of Truck No. 1 should be made wider, to enable three 
horses to get out without crowding. Sewer connections 
should be made at Engine No. 8, if new sewer is laid in 
Liberty street the coming year. 

Horses. — The number of horses in the department at 
close of year is thirty-nine. Six have been purchased, four 
condemned and sold, one died of injuries received in pasture 
field, and one died of disease. At least four new horses 
should be purchased, and one now at hose house sold, as he 
is unfit for service in a fire house. 



A PAID FIRE DEPARTMENT. 57 

Hydrants and Water Supply.— Through the kind- 
ness of Mr. Win. Ryle, Superintendent of the Passaic Water 
Company, says Chief Stagg, I am enabled to present the 
following : We have now seventy-four miles of pipe laid, 
consisting of 36, 24, 20, 16, 12, 10, 8, 6 and 4 inch pipe, 
with 878 fire hydrants. The reservoirs, four in number, 
have a combined capacity of 47,000,000 gallons, backed by 
pumping machinery of 24,000,000 gallons daily, 

Hose. — The total amount of hose in the department is 
13,800 feet, of the following manufacturers : Fabric Fire 
Hose Co., Callahan & Co., and Eureka Fire Hose Co.; of 
which 11,200 feet is in first-class condition, 1,500 feet is in 
second-class condition, 1,100 feet is in third-class condition ; 
6,450 feet is laid in wagons on reels, and 7,350 feet in re- 
serve at hose depot; 57,650 feet of hose was used by the de- 
partment, and afterwards hung up, dried and brushed off. 
Four hundred feet of hose unfit for service is stored away. 
At least two thousand feet of new hose should be purchased 
every year to replace damaged and worn-out stock. 

During the year the department had answered to 103 
bell alarms and 97 still and telephone alarms, which repre- 
sents a total loss of $292,278.00, and were insured for 
$1,162,904.00. Two times alarms were sent out for same 
fire from different stations. Of 198 calls on department for 
service at fires, 109 were extinguished by Chemical Engine 
No. 1, or the small extinguishers carried in hose wagons and 
trucks; 28 by use of water and chemicals; 15 by water 
only, and 46 times the department services were not re- 
quired. The engine companies laid 57,650 feet of hose, 



58 A PAID FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

through which water was forced by engine. The Chemical 
Engine used 71 tanks of 60 gallons each, and 195 charges 
from extinguishers of three and six gallons each were used 
by other companies. 

The department responded to one call outside city lines, 
by sending an engine, Xo. 7, to Wortendyke, in charge of 
Chief Mills. 

The fire limit as now established, the Chief maintained, 
should be enlarged, and the granting of frame buildings in- 
side the limit stopped. Many permits are granted to make 
repairs which are rebuilding almost entirely of the struc- 
tures. Many of the cellars, lofts and yards of our largest 
business houses are nothing but catch-alls for all the inflam- 
mable material that can be put away, such as paper, packing 
cases, barrels, straw, excelsior, etc., and with the large num- 
ber of lightly built frame structures in the thickly settled 
portion of our city, it is only a question of time when they 
will be wiped out by a sweeping conflagration. It is de- 
plorable that some effective effort is not made to have more 
substantial buildings erected within the boundary lines of a 
fire limit. 

Bell alarms, 303 ; still alarms, 97 ; total fires, 200. In- 
surance, stock and furniture, $517,239 ; loss, $213,348 ; in- 
surance, buildings, $615,665 ; loss, $79,930.. Total insur- 
ance, $1,162,901 ; total loss, $292,278. 



CHAPTER IX. 

PRESKNT STATUS OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

Officers— Apparatus— Engine, Truck unci Hose Companies— The Men 
and Their Work— How the Companies Are Manned and Officered 
—Valiant Fire Fighters. 

FOR many years, as lias been noted, Paterson had one of 
the best volunteer departments in the country. It is 
now a paid department, officered as follows : Chief Engi- 
neer, John Stagg ; First Assistant, James C. Mills ; Second 
Assistant, John Gillmor. Superintendent Fire Alarm Tele- 
graph, James F. Zelnff. 

The total manual force of the department consists of one 
chief engineer, two assistant engineers, thirteen captains of 
companies, ten engineers of steamers, nine drivers of steam- 
ers, nine drivers of hose wagons, three drivers of H. <fc L. 
trucks, two drivers of chemical engine, one driver to chief 
engineer, six tillermen of H. & L. trucks, one keeper of 
hose and coal depot, ninety-six call men, making a total of 
153 men. 

Apparatus. — The apparatus of the department consists 
of nine steam fire engines and one in reserve, eight hose 
wagons, one four-wheel hose cart, three hook and ladder 
trucks, one supply wagon, one chief's wagon. 

Engine No. 1. — Located on Yan Houten street, near 



60 PRESENT STATUS OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

Washington. Engine second size Button, purchased in 
1886 and in good condition. Hose wagon built by Gleason 
& Bailey, carries 800 feet of hose, and in good condition? 
two 3-gallon extinguishers. Captain, Ernest S. Fields ; 
Engineer, John Knaus ; drivers, Arthur Rogers and Sam- 
uel Miller; callmen, fin. J. Post, fin. H. Brown, Theo. 
A. Brown, Con. F. O'Neil, Chas. H. McGuinness, Daniel 
Gregory, Joseph Bachlin, Joseph Hardy. 

Engine No. 2. — Located on Highland street, near Sassa- 
fras. Engine second size Jeffers, purchased in 1871 and in 
fair condition. Hose wagon, built by John Post, carries 
700 feet of hose, and in good condition, two 3-gallon extin- 
guishers. Captain, Floyd King ; Engineer, George Dobson ; 
drivers, Henry Nagle and George Sheldrake ; callmen, 
Samuel Simonton, William Butterworth, William Davis, 
John McGill, John Shaw, Geo. V. Brower, Peter Dahl- 
inger, William H. Ward. 

Engine No. 3. — Located on Prospect street, near Elli- 
son. Engine second size Amoskeag, purchased in 1881 and 
in fair condition. Four-wheel hose cart built by Silsby 
M'f'g Co., carries 700 feet of hose; in fair condition. Cap- 
tain, Chris. Cubby ; Engineer, Chas. Wiley ; drivers, Leon- 
ard Hartley and Daniel Leonard ; callmen, James Irwin, 
Thos. G. Murphy, Joseph Meller, James B. - Haley, Morris 
Rossell, George Wassmer, Christian Mundrich, Rinard 
Sherlock. 

Engine No. 4. — Located on Slater street, near Jersey 
street. Engine second size Clapp & Jones, purchased in 
1883 and in good condition. Hose wagon built by Sower- 



PRESENT STATUS OF THE DEPARTMENT. 61 

butt, in good condition, carries 700 feet of hose, two 3-gallon 
extinguishers. Captain, Patrick Sweeney ; Engineer, Alex. 
Thorns ; drivers, John Cluney and John J. Condon ; call- 
men, John J. Canning, Eobert Dunphy, William Marshall, 
James Cullerton, Hugh Kennedy, William Morrison, John 
Marshall, Jeremiah O' Toole. 

Engine No. 5. — Located on Water street between Main 
and West street bridges. Engine second size Silsby, pur- 
chased in 1884, in good condition. Hose wagon built by 
Sowerbutt, in good condition, carries 700 feet of hose, two 
3-gallon extinguishers. Captain, William Cook ; Engineer, 
Frank Blakely ; drivers, John Lair and William Stannard ; 
callmen, Chas. Harrison, Frank Geroe, Jacob Snyder, Peter 
Bradley, Peter Howden, John Messenger, Henry Snyder, 
Thos. N. Hallowell. 

Engine No. 6. — Located on Market street, near Straight. 
Engine second size Clapp & Jones, purchased in 1886 and 
in good condition. Hose wagon built by John Post, in 
good condition, carries 700 feet of hose, two 3-gallon extin- 
guishers. Captain, Edward J. Coleman ; Engineer, Frank 
Costello ; drivers, Louis Haasser, James O'Neill ; callmen, 
Thos. Checkley, Josiah Barton, John Frolich, James Thorns, 
Frank McLaughlin, John Hart, Edward Kirwin, Marinus 
Heintjes. 

Engine No. 7. — Located at 298 Tyler street. Engine 
third size Clapp & Jones, jmrchased in 1876, in good condi- 
tion. Hose wagon built by John Post, in good condition, 
carries 700 feet of hose, two 3-gallon extinguishers. Cap- 
tain, William Allen ; Engineer, William Farrell ; drivers. 



62 PRESENT STATUS OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

John W. Bowden, A. Perrins ; callmen, David Devine, 
George Mills, Tlios. Fish, Ben. Sanderson, Henry Harding, 
Joseph Rogers, William Butterwortli, John Clark, W. B. 
Pohlman. 

Engine No. 8. — Located on Wayne avenue, corner of 
Liberty street. Engine third size Silsby, purchased in 1890, 
in good condition. Hose wagon built by Post tfe Doremus 
in good condition, carries 700 feet of hose, two 3-gallon 
extinguishers. Captain, William Boyle ; Engineer, Thos. 
Donohue ; drivers, John Ellis and Robert Wright ; callmen, 
Adam Banghart, John Nagle, James Dunkerly, Jas. C.' 
Matthews, Jr., John W. La Rue, Chris. Rafferty, Kerrin 
Keys, James McMullen. 

Engine No. 9. — Located on Main street near Washing- 
ton avenue. Engine third size Silsby, purchased in 1891, 
in good condition. Hose wagon in good condition, carries 
700 feet of hose. Captain, Peter Riley ; Engineer, Henry 
L. Reed ; drivers, Michael Farrell and Allison Roswell ; 
callmeti, Nicholas R. Snyder, George Slater, John C. Gar- 
side, John O'Neil, Frank Rever, John Glass, Charles F. 
Saulter, Michael Berghorn. 

Truck No. 1. — Located on Jackson street, near Green 
street. Truck built by Babcock Fire Extinguishing M'f'g 
Co., of Chicago, 1889, carries one 85-foot extension serial 
ladder, one 55-foot extension ladder, one 38-foot, one 30- 
foot, one 25-foot, one 20-foot, one 14-foot, one 12-foot ; two 
3-gallon extinguishers, poles, hooks, ropes, etc. Captain, 
Joseph Kearney ; Tillerman, Thomas Elvin ; Extra Tiller- 
man, Martin Brandt ; driver, David McAllister ; callmen, 



1'KKSKNT STATUS OF THE DEPARTMENT. 63 

James Jones, Thomas Fanning, Joseph Hntton, Richard 
Moore, Timothy Phalon, William J. Stewart, Edward Kil- 
patrick, Thomas Hardiman. 

Truck No. 2. — Located in Prospect street, near Ellison 
street. Truck built by Reading Fire Apparatus Co., 1881, 
carries one 65-foot extension, one 35-foot, two 30-foot, one 
26-foot, one 19-foot, one 12-foot, one 9-foot and one 6-foot 
roof ladder ; two 5-gallon extinguishers, poles, hooks, ropes, 
etc. Captain, John Weber ; Tillermen, John Specht and 
John Vesey; driver, Richard Cubby; callmen, Gustave 
Specht, Charles Fahrenbach, Samuel Close, George Muth, 
Albert Merceir, Thomas Armstrong, Felix McCann, John 
Thomson. 

Truck No. 3. — Located corner of Auburn and Godwin 
streets. Truck built by E. Y. Leverich, 1881, carries one 
65-foot extension, one 38-foot, one 30-foot, one 26-foot, two 
24-foot, one 18-foot, one 12-foot roof ladder ; two 5-gallon 
extinguishers, poles, hooks, ropes, etc. Captain, Stewart 
Taylor ; Tillermen, Nelson Norris and Harry Lister ; 
driver, George Bunting; callmen, N. C. Quackenbush, 
James H. Coyle, William R. Close, John J. Hawley, 
George Carr, Christopher Murphy, H. M. Butler, Archie 
Irwin. 

Chemical No. 1. — Located in Hotel street, near Mar- 
ket street. Engine, Babcock, double 60-gallon, with 400 
feet of hose in two lines, purchased 1890, in good condition. 
Captain, William Campbell ; Extr. Engineer, Michael Hal- 
nan ; drivers, John Breen and Andrew Knaus. 

Hose House and Coal Depot. — Located on Bridge 



64 PRESENT STATUS OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

street, near Tyler street. One second size Nussey engine, 
in reserve, purchased in 1876, in good condition. One 
supply wagon for carrying coal, built by William "Walker, 
in good condition. 

Driver to chief engineer, George Pfitzenmayer ; keeper 
hose house, George Slinguland; lineman to fire alarm, 
Joseph Chapman. 

Fire Hose. — There are at present 11,200 feet of first- 
class, 1,500 feet of second class, and 1,100 feet of third-class 
hose in the department. 

The number of signal boxes and instruments is as fol- 
lows : 10-circuit repeater, 1 ; bell strikers, 5 ; engine house 
gongs, 15 ; engineers' gongs, 6 ; small tappers, 39 ; signal 
boxes, 102; galvanometers, 11; cut-offs, 9; indicators, 2; 
markers, 7. There are about 90 miles of wire in circuit. 

Location of Bell Strikers. — Second Reformed church, 
corner .Water and Temple streets ; First Baptist church, 
corner Van Houten and Washington streets ; First Presby- 
terian church, corner Ward and Main streets ; ~No. 6 public 
school, corner Summer and Ellison streets; 'No. 8 engine 
house, corner Wayne avenue and Liberty street. 

Battery. — The battery consists of 475 cells of gravity. 

Poles, Brackets and Tripods. — Fire alarm telegraph 
poles, 825 ; American Rapid and Western Union, 86 ; tele- 
phone and electric light, 250 ; tripods and brackets, 325. 




F. King, Captain. 
P. Sweeney, Captain. 



CHAPTER X. 



UK BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION. 



Its Organization and Reorganization — Past and Present Officers — 
Its Beneficiary Features — Widows and Orphans — Rules and 
Regulations. 

QCTOBER 20th, 1851, a meeting was held at No. 69 
Main street (the store of First Assistant Chief Patrick 
Curran), for the purpose of organizing a benevolent associa- 
tion. The following-named gentlemen were present : From 
the Board of Engineers, Patrick Curran ; from No. 1,. 
William Sykes, Andrew Moser and Daniel Miller; from 
No. 3, Robert Miller, Thomas Bailey and William Fielding; 
from No. 5, Thomas Hindle, Lewis Simpson and William 
Douglas ; from Hook and Ladder Co. No. 1, Horatio M. 
Lane, George English and John Powering. Patrick Cur- 
ran was elected chairman and Horatio M. Lane secretary. 
But little business was done except to authorize William 
Sykes to procure a constitution. November 11th another 
meeting was held, at which William Sykes presided. The 
proposed constitution was read, and the adjournment to 
Nov. 7th followed. Upon the last mentioned date a perma- 
nent organization was effected, and the following officers 
were elected : Patrick Curran, president ; Thomas Hindle, 
vice-president; Horatio M. Lane, secretary; Andrew Moser,. 

5 



66 THE BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION. 

treasurer. December 2d, 1851, a code of by-laws was 
adopted and the association was fairly launched. From that 
day to the present its career has been one of usefulness in 
the line of charitable work. 

The association was reorganized May 20th, 1890, as the 
Firemen's Benevolent Association of the City of Paterson, 
N. J. Any sick or disabled fireman of the present depart- 
ment is entitled to the sum of $7.00 per week. Beneficia- 
ries of the old volunteer department, of whom there are 
three, and members of the Exempt Association are entitled 
to the sum of $5.00 per week. Widows or orphans of ben- 
eficiaries of the old volunteer department or Exempt Asso- 
ciation are entitled to the sum of $50 per annum. Widows 
or orphans of members of the present department are 
entitled' to the sum of $100 per annum. Any beneficiary 
of this association may be stricken from the list at any time 
by a majority vote of the Board of Trustees. 

The present officers of the association are : President, 
Wm. B. Campbell ; Vice-President, Wm. Douglas ; Secre- 
tary, Nat. C. Quackenbush ; Treasurer, John McKiernan ; 
Finance Committee, Thos. Whowell, Wm. Cook, Win. 
Boyle. 

Koll of Kepresentatives : Chief Engineer John Stagg ; 
Engine 1, Wm. Post, Joseph Backalan ; Engine 2, John 
McGill, George Brower ; Engine 3, Christopher Cubby, 
James Irwin ; Engine 4, Jas. Cullerton, John J. Canning ; 
Engine 5, Win. Cook, Peter Bradley ; Engine 6, Edward J. 
Coleman, Thos. Checkley ; Engine 7, George Mills, David 
Devine ; Engine 8, Wm. Boyle, Jas. McMullen ; Engine 9, 



THE BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION. 67 

• 

Peter Riley, John Garside ; Chemical 1, "Wm. B. Campbell, 
Andrew Knaus ; Truck 1, David McAllister, James Jones; 
Truck 2, Gustave Specht, Felix McCann; Truck 3, Wm. 
R. Close, Nat. C. Quackenbush; Exempt Association, Jno. 
McKiernan, Tlios. "Whowell. 

Roll of Trustees : Engine 1, Daniel Gregory ; Engine 

2, "Wm. "Ward; Engine 3, Maurice Rozelle; Engine 4, John 
Marshall ; Engine 5, Frank Geroe ; Engine 6, Josiah Ear- 
ton ; Engine 7, Thos. Fish ; Engine 8, Chris. J. Rafferty ; 
Engine 9, John J. O'Neill ; Chemical 1, John Breen ; 
Truck 1, Joseph Hutton ; Truck 2, George Mirth; Truck 

3, James H. Coyle ; Exempt Association, "Wm. Douglas. 

Officers : "Wm. Douglas, chairman ; Nat. C. Quacken- 
bush, secretary. "Widows' Committee : C. J. Rafferty, M. 
Rozelle, J. H. Coyle, J. Barton, D. Gregory. 

There are at present five firemen and the widows and 
orphans of twenty-six deceased firemen drawing relief from 
the association. 



CHAPTER XL 



THE EXEMPT ASSOCIATION. 



The Plan of Organization — Permanent Officers— Fair at Washington 
Hall— Installed in Its New House— Present Affairs of the Associa- 
tion — A Burial Clause Inserted in the By-LaAvs. 

T^HE project of "organizing an association of exempt fire- 
men was talked of for many years before it became an 
accomplished fact. In November, 1S82, the following 
notice appeared in the Paterson daily papers : 

Notice. — To the Exempt Firemen of the City of Pater- 
son, IS". J. : Yon are requested to attend a meeting to be 
held t on Monday evening, November 27th, 1882, at 8 
o'clock, at the engine house of the Washington Steam Fire 
Engine Co., No. 3, for the purpose of forming an Exempt 
Firemen's Association. Signed : John W. Bensen, "Will- 
iam Dobson, John McKiernan, William C. Martin, James 
I. King, Thomas Healey, Patrick Sweeney, Will Strong. 

In response to this call ninety-six exempt firemen met 
at Engine 3's house. Ex-Chief John McKiernan called the 
meeting to order and was elected chairman. John John- 
son, of Engine 4, was elected secretary. After considerable 
discussion regarding the plan of organization, a motion to 
make the society a beneficial one was lost and it was agreed 
to form a social association. Peter Fields, Bartholomew 



THE EXEMPT ASSOCIATION. 69 

Riley, Lambert Romaine, John W. Bensen and George W. 
Pollitt were appointed a committee <>n permanent organiza- 
tion. They reported the following Dames for permanent 
officers: John MeKiernan, president; William C.Martin, 
vice-president; John Johnson, secretary; John W. Bensen, 
treasurer. A committee on by-laws was appointed, consist- 
ing of John W. Bensen. Geo. W. Pollitt, John MacDonald, 
David I. Tnrnbnll and James I. King. At the next meet- 
ing, February 7th, 18S3, the committee on by-laws presented 
their report, which was adopted. Garret Yan Honten, 
Geo. W. Pollitt, Charles M. King, John Sullivan and John 

1. Spittel were elected the first board of trustees, and Joseph 
Buckley, John C. McBride and Philip Chapman were 
appointed as a standing committee. For a number of years 
the association met quarterly at the several fire houses upon 
invitation from the companies. The quarters of engines 1, 

2, 3, 5 and 6, and truck No. 2 were made use of until 1888. 
During the month of October, 1887, a fair was held at 
Washington Hall, the proceeds netting $2,000. At the 
annual meeting held in December, 1887, it was voted to 
establish permanent headquarters, and Geo. W. Pollitt, 
John W. Bensen and John I. Spittel were appointed a 
committee to procure suitable rooms. At a special meeting 
held at engine 3's house in January, 1888, the committee 
reported in favor of leasing the rooms on the second floor 
of the building No. 169 Market street. The report was 
adopted and the same committee was authorized to expend 
a sufficient amount to suitably decorate and furnish the 
rooms. The rooms were informally opened Wednesday, 



70 THE EXEMPT ASSOCIATION. 

February 22d, 1888, and the association was comfortably 
installed in its new home, which was made use of until May 
1st, 1892, when the association took possession of the frame 
building corner of Clark and Smith streets, lately purchased 
by them. 

The association is in a first-class condition, has upwards 
of five hundred members and is receiving accessions con- 
stantly. The rooms comprise parlor, smoking and sitting 
room, kitchen and dining room on the first floor ; front and 
rear parlor, game room, bath room, reading room and 
directors' room on second floor. The reading room is sup- 
plied with all the leading daily and weekly newspapers, 
magazines, etc., and the game room with various games, 
cards, dominos, chess, checkers, etc. 

At a meeting held at engine l's house, March 7th, 1883, 
twenty-two members signed a proposed plan for burial 
insurance, and at a meeting held at engine 2's house, July 
11th, 1883, an organization w r as formed with the following 
officers : John McKiernan, president ; William C. Martin, 
vice-president ; Charles M. King, secretary ; John W. Ben- 
sen, treasurer. Directors : Garret Van Houten, James I. 
King, John I. Spittel, Henry L. Eeid and William Dobson. 
The assessment at a death was $1.10 per member. The 
membership increased to fifty-nine, and the fund existed 
until the Exempt Association adopted a .burial clause in 
their by-laws. 

The officers of the association are : President, John 
McKiernan ; Vice-President, Daniel Gregory ; Recording 



THE EXEMPT ASSOCIATION. 71 

Secretary, John I. Spittel ; Financial Secretary, William 
Carey; Treasurer, Charles M. King. 

Directors : . James Kearney, William Fielding, Thomas 
W ho well, William C.Martin, William Marshall, William 
Hobson. 

Standing committees : John T. Pollitt, Samuel Holt, 
Henry Bush, Henry L. Reed. 



CHAPTER XII. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



Some of the Officers of the Old and New Departments Who Have 
Made Fire History— Chief Stagg and His Start— Exempt Veteran 
Firemen Whose Names Are Household Words. 

vTOHN STAGG, Chief of the Fire Department at Pat- 
erson, N. J., was born in that city December 16th, 
1843. Mr. Stagg was educated in the public schools of his 
native city. In 1857 he went to work in the Guardian 
office and carried papers for about three years, working all 
day intiie office and carrying papers evenings at a salary of 
$1.25 a week, but that was considered good pay in those 
days. He worked in the job department of the Guardian 
until 1862, when he enlisted in Company A, 11th New 
Jersey Volunteers. He served with the 11th Regiment as 
private, corporal, sergeant and quartermaster sergeant until, 
when before Petersburg in 1864, he was transferred to the 
First Michigan Cavalry, commanded by General Peter 
Stagg. He was at once promoted to second lieutenant 
and soon after to first lieutenant and aid-de-camp on his 
brother's staff, and served as such in the cavalry raid 
through the Shenandoah valley and around Richmond until 
the close of the war. The brigade was then ordered to 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. IS 

Utah on special service and shortly after, in April, L866, 
was mustered out. 

Mr. Stagg then drifted up into the gold mines in Mon- 
tana and "roughed it' 1 until September, L868, when he 
returned t<> Paterson. He was immediately employed at 
his old place in the Chmrdian office and, pulling oft" Lis coat 
and rolling up his sleeves, went to work as if lie had been 
there the day before, instead of having gone through four 
years of the most exciting sort of life, full of hair-breadth 
escapes in battle, skirmish and raid, two years of which 
were literally in the saddle. Afterwards he was business 
manager of the Morning Call, which he continued until 
appointed chief engineer of the present dejDartment, May 
6th, 1891. 

He joined Passaic Engine Co. No. 1 the same year he 
returned to Paterson (1868), and has been an active fireman 
ever since. He has always been foremost in everything 
appertaining to the department, rarely missing a fire in over 
twenty years. He served as secretary and foreman of his 
company, and was elected chief after one of the most stub- 
born and hotly contested campaigns ever known in Pater- 
son. Chief Stagg is a member of the National Association 
of Fire Engineers, and takes a deep interest in the firemen's 
organizations, of his state. 

James C. Mills, First Assistant Engineer, was born in 
Paterson, N. J., in the year 1847, and is by occupation a 
silk throwster. At time of appointment in 1891 he was 
foreman in the silk mill of R. & H. Adams. He joined 
Protection Engine Co. No. 5 in January, 1871, and served 



<i BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

with that company until the disbandment of the depart- 
ment, and then was appointed a callman. While in Engine 
]STo. 5 his comrades placed him in the following offices : 
Assistant foreman, foreman, vice-president and president. 
Chief Mills served in the late war in a New Jersey regiment 
and at the expiration of service received an honorable 
discharge. 

John Gillmore was born in Girvin, Scotland, January 
23, 1845, and on October 18th, 1865, he came to America 
and made his home in Paterson, where he has since lived. 
His occupation was that of a loom fixer, and he served as 
foreman and loom fixer for nineteen years in the large silk 
mill owned by Hamil & Booth. In 1871 he joined Engine 
Co. Xo. 6. and in 18S0 he was elected foreman of this com- 
pany and remained an active member until the reorganizing 
of the company from a volunteer to a paid company. 

In 1890 he was elected by the board of aldermen to the 
office of assistant chief, and in the following year (1891) he 
was re-elected under the new law to hold the position of 
assistant chief on good behavior, which position he now 
holds. 

William B. Campbell, President of the Firemen's 
Benevolent Association, was born in the Sixth Ward of 
Paterson in 1856 ; he is a machinist by trade, and his father 
was a fireman some thirty years ago, having been one of 
Washington No. 3's most active members in the " fifties." 
The subject of this sketch developed a fondness for running 
to fires when but a little urchin, and in common with his 
playmates in the sixth ward the tap of the fire bell was the 



i:i<x;raphical sketches. <5 

signal which brought out every boy whose ears caught the 
sound. He became an active member of Neptune Engine 
Co. No. 2 on December 6th, 1876; since that time lias been 
foremost in promoting the interests of his company. He 
has been honored by his company, having served them as 
assistant foreman, foreman and president. He holds the 
last-named position at the present time. He was elected a 
representative to the Benevolent Association in April, 1879, 
and has been re-elected annually since that time, serving on 
the relief committee for seven years. May, 1888, he was 
elected president of the Benevolent Association. Mr. Camp- 
bell has frequently represented his company in the annual 
convention of the lire department, and he is looked upon by 
all his associates and acquaintances as one who is a thorough 
fireman, with a love for the business that has made him a 
typical volunteer fireman. He is now captain of Chemical 
No. 1. 

William Douglas, Vice-President of the Benevolent 
Association, was born in Paterson, August 19th, 1853. His 
father, William Douglas, was for many years an active 
member of Engine Co. No. 5, and served a term as assistant 
engineer. The subject of this sketch was a runner with and 
an ardent admirer of No. 5, and as soon as he had attained 
his majority (August 18, 1874), he became an active mem- 
ber and has ever since that time maintained a lively interest 
in the affairs and welfare of the company. He has been the 
recipient of many honors at the hands of his fellow mem- 
bers, having held every office within their gift except that 
of treasurer. In April, 1875, Mr. Douglas was elected a 



76 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



representative from No. 5 to the Benevolent Association 
and was at once elected vice-president. With the exception 
of one year (1883) when he was out of town he has been in 
the Benevolent board and has held every office except that 
of president and treasurer. The greater portion of the time 
he has been a member of the finance committee, often the 
chairman of it, and he is looked upon by his associates as 
one whose judgment is good and wise. Mr. Douglas has 
been in the employ of Messrs. E. & H. Adams (cotton and 
silk manufacturers) sincl 1870. The last fifteen years he 
has been the superintendent of the three mills of the Adams 
Bros. He has the confidence of his employers to the fullest 
extent, and he is in every way a credit to the department of 
which he is a member. 

Nathaniel C. Quackenbush, secretary of the Benevo- 
lent Association, was born in Paterson October 4th, 1855. 
He became an active member of Cataract Hose Co., ISTo. 2, 
July 7, 1879, having been a runner with that company for 
some time previous to his election. He was elected steward 
in the same month, and in December of the same year was 
elected secretary, which office he held for two years, when 
he was elected foreman. At the expiration of his term he 
was elected financial secretary for one year, when he was 
again chosen recording secretary, to which office he was re- 
elected from year to year until the company was disbanded 
in the month of March, 1889, having held a prominent 
office in his company for a period of nearly ten years. Mr. 
Quackenbush and one other were the originators of the idea 
of having a truck company to succeed Cataract Hose Co., 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 77 

whose house and apparatus were burned on the night of 
November 9, 1888. Mr Quackenbush was elected secretary 
of that company (which was known as Rapid II. & L. Co. 
No. 3) when it was organized, and has held that office until 
the present time, having been appointed call man when the 
department was changed to a paid system, February 28, 
1890. He was assistant secretary of the Benevolent Associ- 
ation during the years 1881-'82, and secretary in the years 
1 883-' 84. He was elected secretary of the Benevolent As- 
sociation when it was re-organized, May 20, 1890, and has 
held the office till the present time; has also been a member 
of the finance committee, and at present is treasurer of the 
Call Men's Association. Mr. Quackenbush is a carpenter 
and builder and commissioner of public instruction repre- 
senting the fifth ward, having been appointed as a Demo- 
crat by Mayor Beveridge, March 28, 1892, for a term of 
two years. Member of Exempt Association. 

John McKiernan, treasurer of the Benevolent Associa- 
tion, was born in Paterson, August 18, 1833. He became a 
member of Washington Engine Co. No. 3, in February, 
1852, and was elected treasurer of his company in October, 
1855, and was re-elected in 1856. In May, 1859, he was 
elected foreman and served until May, 1862, when he was 
elected assistant engineer of the Paterson Fire Department. 
In September, 1862, lie went to the war as captain of Com- 
pany A, 25th Regiment, New Jersey Volunteers, which 
company was composed mainly of members of Mr. McKier- 
nan's fire company. He served as senior captain in all the 
engagements in which his regiment took part, and they 



78 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

were many, as his regiment has a record of which its sur- 
viving members may be proud. 

Toward the close of the war Capt. McKiernan served in 
the Quartermaster's Department at Newbern, N. C. At 
the close of the rebellion he returned home with all the 
honors of a brave soldier. But more honors were in store 
for him. He was immediately elected foreman of his com- 
pany, in which capacity he served until May, 1868, when 
he was elected chief engineer of the department. In 1857 
he was elected treasurer of the Paterson Firemen's Benevo- 
lent Fund. In May, 1869, he was again elected treasurer 
of the Fund, and he has served in that capacity until the 
present time. In 1880 he was elected treasurer of the New 
Jersey State Firemen's Association, and he has been re- 
elected every term since. In November, 1882, at the organ- 
ization of the Exempt Firemen's Association of Paterson, he 
was elected as its president, which office he also now holds. 
He is also president of the Exempt Firemen's Beneficial 
Association of his department. He has also been president 
of Washington Engine Co. No. 3 for the past fifteen years. 
Mr. McKiernan was among the organizers of the State Fire- 
men's Association of New Jersey. He is very popular in 
the fire department, and has received all the honors the fire 
department can bestow. He has often been importuned by 
his friends to accept offices of a political nature, but has al- 
ways declined. He is a member of the firm of Doremus tfc 
McKiernan, who have a large store and crockery warehouse 
on Main street. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. < '.' 

Robert Gledhill, the genial vice-president of the Ex- 
empts, is a gentlemen so well known in this city that he 
does not need an extended notice here. Mr. Gledhill was 
in active service in the department from 1863 until 1878, 
when he took out his certificate. He is the youngest son of 
one of the oldest residents of Paterson, Mr. Joseph Gledhill, 
who came to this city in 1817. The subject of this sketch 
has enjoyed a long and prosperous business career, having 
started in the drug business in 1848, as clerk for R. T. Cream- 
er, who was then located on the corner of Main and Van Hou- 
ten streets. It was not long before he became proprietor, 
and shortiy afterward he moved his store to Main street, and 
in 1878 sold out his interest to Mr. Kent. Since that time 
he has not been actively, engaged in business, but has been 
more or less identified with any movement looking towards 
Paterson's commercial prosperity. He has filled the meas- 
ure of his duties as a good citizen by serving four years as 
School Commissioner, and for two years he was elected rep- 
resentative from Passaic Steamer No. 1. 

Ex-chief Andrew Moser. This gallant old fireman is 
the veteran of the Exempt Association, and was the oldest 
member of the volunteer department when it disbanded. 
He has a record that he can feel justly proud of. He joined 
Passaic Engine Company in October, 1847, and served con- 
tinuously in that company forty-seven years. During all 
that time he failed to respond to roll-call after a fire only six 
times. Mr. Moser has never been sick a day in his life, and 
he is far more active to-day than many a man of half his 
a£e. During his service in No. 1 he held all the different 



80 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

offices in the gift of the company and was the president of 
the stock company from the time of its incorporation until 
it was mustered out. Mr. Moser was born in Alsace, France, 
and came to this country in the spring of 1832, and accepted 
a position in Holtzman's old cotton mill. He started in the 
confectionery business on his own account in 1842, and has 
been engaged in it until this spring when he retired. Mr. 
Moser is very popular among the younger members of the 
association, and his large experience makes him a widely 
sought authority on all matters of interest to firemen. 

John I. Spittel was born in the city of Paterson, Janu- 
ary 4th, 1847. He joined the volunteer department in 
1868, first becoming a member of Engine ~No. 2, and served 
in that company for several years, when he joined Engine 
~No. 3, and remained with them until the starting of the 
paid department. During that time he held the office of 
vice-pr t esident for five years under President McKiernan, 
and was elected foreman of the company in 1881. When 
the association was organized he was chosen as one of the 
original board of directors and held that position until 1880, 
when he was elected secretary, and has been re-elected 
at every election since then. 

Ex-Chief John F. Murphy was born in this city in 
April, 1850. In 1807 he left his home here and went to 
Marquette, Mich., and remained there about three years. 
His first experiences as a volunteer fireman occurred while 
he was a resident of that city, and the knowledge he gained 
there proved useful to him afterward. He was in active 
service during the big fire in June, 1869, one of the largest 




P. Reilly, Captain. 
J. Weber, Captain. 



Kearney, Captain. 
Taylor, Captain. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. s l 

conflagrations in the West. Mr. Murphy came back to 
Paterson in July, L870, and on his return he became a run- 
ner with engine No. 6, and three years later he joined the 
association connected with Passaic No. 1, and became an 
active member of the company in April, 1875, and remained 
with it until it disbanded. Shortly afterward he was elected 
assistant chief of the paid department, and on the resigna- 
tion of Chief Turnbull lie was appointed to till the vacancy. 
He served acceptably until his term expired, when he was 
succeeded by John Stagg, the present chief. 

Majoe James McKiernan was born in Paterson in 
1828. He was one of the organizers of Jackson Fire Co., 
No. i, and was assistant foreman and then foreman of the 
company. In 1861, when the civil war broke out, Major 
McKiernan was chief engineer of the Paterson Fire Depart- 
ment. He at once enlisted a company of one hundred men, 
nearly all firemen, and led them to Trenton. The boys 
elected him their captain and he was mustered in the United 
States service as captain of Company G, Seventh N. J. Vol- 
unteers. He served in the Army of the Potomac and was 
wounded and taken prisoner June 3d, 1862, at Fair Oaks. 
He was promoted to be major for gallant service. He 
served as commander of Farragut Post 28, of this city. He 
died December 2»i, 1882, universally lamented. 

Ex-Chief David I. Turnbull w r as one of the organiz- 
ers of the Exempt Association. He was born in 1840 in 
Paterson, and always took a lively interest in the fire 
department from the time of joining Neptune Engine Co., 
No. 2, in 1863, until the disbandment of the volunteers. 



82 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

His comrades in the company honored him by electing to 
the offices of president, secretary and treasurer for several 
terms, and as foreman two years. In the year 1877 he was 
elected by the firemen to serve as chief engineer for two 
years, and in 1889 was appointed to the same office by the 
board of aldermen. After serving one year he resigned the 
position. Most of his life has been spent in Rogers Loco- 
motive Works as machinist and millwright. Chief Turn- 
bull was one of the promoters of the State Firemen's 
Association, of which the Paterson Fire Department Ben- 
efit Fund is a branch. 



CHAPTER XIII. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Fire Department Officials — Qualifications of Members— Pay of the 
Force — Badges and Uniforms — Insignia of Office — Fire Alarm 
Telegraph — Burial Fund Association. 

nULES and regulations for the government of the fire 
department were adopted August 3, 1891, with these 
officials in office : 

Mayor, Thomas Beveridge ; committee on fire depart- 
ment, John Macdonald, Chairman; John Hartley, William 
R. Harding, James Miller, Joseph Iveppler, Clerk, John T. 
Pollitt ; chief engineer of fire department, John Stagg; as- 
sistant engineers, James C. Mills, John Gillmore ; superin- 
tendent of fire alarm telegraph, James F. Zeluff ; veterinary 
surgeon, Dr. William Herbert Lowe. 

The rules and regulations are as follows : The fire de- 
partment of the City of Paterson shall consist of a chief 
and two assistant engineers, superintendent of fire alarm 
telegraph, veterinary surgeon, captains, engineers, drivers 
and call men to act as stokers, hosemen, laddermen and 
other officers, members and employees, as the service may 
from time to time require, all of whom shall be under con- 
trol of the board of aldermen and subject to rules and reg- 
ulations of the department, and orders that may be issued 



84 RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

by the chief engineer and approved by said board of alder- 
men or committee on fire department. 

Qualifications of Membership. — Persons to be eligible 
to membership in the department must be residents of the 
City of Paterson, citizens of the United States, of good 
moral character, and able to read and write the English 
language understandingly. They shall be in good health, 
sound in body and mind, certified to by the city physician, 
that he is physically capable of performing the duties required 
of him, and not engaged in any business that will prevent 
them from instantly responding to an alarm. 

Every officer or member before entering on his duties, 
shall sign an agreement, to be deposited with the chief en- 
gineer, that he will abide by and conform to all rules and 
regulations established by the committee and approved by 
the board of aldermen for the government of the depart- 
ment, and be subject to the penalties named therein. 

Every member shall be furnished by the chief with a 
copy of the rules and regulations governing the depart- 
ment. All members of the permanent force shall give their 
entire time to the interest of the fire department, and no 
outside work will be permitted. 

Applications. — All applications for membership shall 
be made in the handwriting of the applicant, who shall 
present the same in person to the special committee on fire 
department or any regular committee on fire department 
who may have charge hereafter. 

All applicants for the position of engineers of steamers 



KM l.l> AM) UKi.l I. A I KINS. 



85 



must stand a practical examination as to their abilities for 

looking after the same. 

I* ay of the Fobcb. — The pay of the force is hereby fixed 
as follows, per annum: Chief engineer, $1,500; assistant 
engineers, $1,000; superintendent of fire alarm telegraph, 
$1,000; veterinary surgeon, $500 ; captains, $900 ; engineers, 
ss;;> ; drivers, $850 ; tillermen, $850; hosemen, laddermen 
and stokers at call, per annum, $150. 

Chief Engineer. — The chief engineer shall have sole and 
entire command at fires and alarms of fire over all mem- 
bers of the department, and all apparatus and appurtenances 
belonging to the same, and direct all measures he may deem 
proper for the extinguishment of fires. He shall devote his 
whole time to the performance of the duties of his office. 
He shall visit each engine, truck and hose house weekly, or 
as often as possible, and report to the committee on fire de- 
partment any suggestions for the improvement of the fire de- 
partment he may deem necessary. 

He shall cause all repairs and other work on account of 
fire department to be done, as far as possible, by members 
of the permanent force. He shall report to the committee 
company officers or members, if any there be, delinquent 
in the performance of their duties assigned them, and each 
month those absent from fire alarms, also members who 
have assigned their pay. 

He may, from time to time, issue such orders for the 
government of the members as he may deem proper, subject 
to approval by fire committee. 

He shall have power to suspend any officer or member 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



of the department for neglect of duty or disorderly con- 
duct, said suspension to remain in force pending action of 
fire committee. He shall also have charge of hose and coal 
depot, and place a man on permanent duty there. 

He shall not absent himself from the city without consent 
of majority of the fire committee. 

Assistant Engineers. — In the absence of the chief en- 
gineer of the department, he shall designate the senior assist- 
ant engineer of the department to command and perform 
all the duties, assume all the responsibilities and functions 
of the chief of department, and perform such other duties 
as his superior may direct. 

It shall be the duty of the assistant engineers : 1. Be on 
duty constantly, day and night, at their respective head- 
quarters, except when called elsewhere on department busi- 
ness, or on leave of absence. 2. They shall attend all fires 
at stations to which they may be assigned, detailed or called, 
and report promptly their arrival to the officer in command. 
3. The first to arrive at a fire to assume command and have 
full control until command is assumed by the chief engineer 
of the department. 4. Direct the movement of officers and 
men under their command, and extinguish the fires with the 
least possible loss by fire and water. 5. Cause all companies 
not needed to promptly return to quarters. . 6. In case of 
fire, promptly report any dangerous buildings to the chief 
engineer of department. 7. Perform such other duties as 
their superior may direct. 

Superintendent of Fire Alarm Telegraph. — The 
Superintendent of Fire Alarm Telegraph shall have entire 



RULES ami KEG1 LATT0N8. 8 i 

charge and control of the fire alarm telegraph, subject to 
such rules and regulations as may be made from time to 
time by the committee. He shall at all times have the 
telegraph apparatus in perfect order, and any neglect so to 
• do shall be deemed cause for dismissal. 

lie shall promptly report to the chief engineer any 
interruption in the working of the lines or apparatus where- 
by there shall be a delay in giving or receiving an alarm of 
tire unless the same is immediately repaired. 

In such report he shall state what amount of delay will 
occur in repairing the same, and when repaired he shall see 
that the chief engineer has notice of the fact. 

Lineman. — The Fire Alarm Telegraph Lineman shall be 
under the supervision of the superintendent of fire alarm 
telegraph. 

Veterinary Surgeon. — The Veterinary Surgeon shall 
have, under the direction of the committee, general charge 
and direction as to the care and management of the horses 
belonging to the department, giving such surgical and med- 
ical care as may be required. 

All orders pertaining to the shoeing of horses in the 
department, and any cause removing the horses from' active 
duty, shall be made through the office and with the consent 
of the chief engineer. 

He shall give his opinion as to all horses about to be 
purchased, and make such examinations as may be required 
by the committee. 

Captains. — Captains of companies shall have command 



88 RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

and control of their companies, and all members shall obey 
their orders implicitly. 

They shall see that the apparatus in their care, and the 
building in which the same is deposited, and all articles in 
or belonging to the same, are kept clean and in order for 
immediate use. 

They shall preserve order and discipline at all times in 
their respective companies and enforce a strict compliance 
with the rules and regulations of the department and the 
orders of the chief engineer. The Captains, on leaving 
quarters, shall designate who shall act until their return 
unless otherwise ordered. 

They shall keep an accurate record of the membership 
of their respective companies, an account of all property 
entrusted to their care, and all absence from fires or neglect 
of duty on the part of the men of their command, in a book 
provided for that purpose, which record shall be open for 
inspection by the chief and assistant chief engineers, and 
members of their companies. They shall present a copy of 
same to the board of aldermen, through the chief engineer, 
on the first day of each month. 

The Captains shall give their entire time to the interest 
of the fire department, and they shall at all times be in 
attendance at their quarters. 

Any company receiving a still alarm of fire shall report 
the same to the chief engineer. 

The Captain first arriving at a fire shall exercise com- 
mand until the arrival of his superior officer. 

Engineers. — It shall be the duty of the engineer of each 



RULES AM' REGULATIONS. > '-' 

steamer to give hia entire time to the interest of the fire 
department, and he Bhall at all times !>•• in attendance at his 
engine house. 

He shall be held personally responsible for tin- care of 
the engine and heater. He shall accompany the engine to 
all tires and alarms of fire, and shall have full charge of the 
running of the engine, subject to the orders of the captain 
and all superior officers. 

lie shall see that at all times his engine is ready for use. 
Should an alarm of fire occur during the absence of either 
<>f the drivers, he must drive in his stead. He must also 
assist in the care of the house. 

He shall do all repairs, if possible, when so ordered by 
his superior officers. 

Stokers. — The stoker may be assigned to that position 
from among the call men by the captain, and shall, under 
the direction of the engineer, assist in the care and manage- 
ment of the engine at fires. 

They shall see that the engine is properly supplied with 
fuel, and perforin such other duties as may be required of 
them by the engineer. 

Drivers. — It shall be the duty of the drivers of each 
engine, hose wagon and hook and ladder truck to be in con- 
stant attendance at their respective houses. They shall 
have charge of the horses, harness and stables, &c, and have 
them well cleaned each morning. 

They shall take charge of the horses of the company 
during the service of their apparatus at fires. 

In cold and stormy weather, on arriving at a tire, they 



90 RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

shall blanket their horses, and if apparatus is placed in ser- 
vice, the driver will try and get shelter for their horses in 
the neighborhood. 

When the horses return to the house wet by perspiration 
or stormy weather, they shall have them well cleaned, 
rubbed down and examined and ready for use. 

It shall be the duty of the drivers to exercise their horses 
one hour daily (excepting Sunday and stormy weather), and 
at no time at exercise take them more than two blocks awaj r 
from their respective houses. 

They shall practice their horses at the 9.15 p. m. stroke 
of the alarm gong each night in going to their places in 
front of the apparatus, and they must snap the collar, and 
shall at each fire alarm from stations at which they do not 
answer first alarms, hitch their horses to their apparatus 
and remain hooked for the space of fifteen minutes, unless 
back tap is sooner received. 

The drivers of hose wagons shall have charge of their 
respective apparatus, keep them clean and ready for service 
at all times, and also of the hose belonging thereto. He 
shall assist in the duties of the stable, and shall also assist in 
the care of the house. In exercising his horse he shall do 
so at a time when steamer horses are in the house, as at no 
time of exercising shall horses of steamer and hose wagon 
be out at the same time. 

The drivers of engine, truck and hose wagon shall in no 
(■use after their respective companies have been relieved 
from duty at fires, run over any hose upon their return to 
their quarters. 



RULES AM) REGULATIONS. '.»1 

Drivers of apparatus, while responding to an alarm of 
fire are forbidden to turn corners, or in and out of car 

tracks, faster than at a moderate trot, and drivers must give 
an alarm signal on their gong when approaching corners 

and crossings. 

Racing to or from fires is strictly prohibited, and if the 
apparatus of several companies proceeds in the same street 
they shall do so in single file. 

Drivers must at all times in going to a fire understand 
that direct .orders from the chief or assistant engineers r<> 
quicken their pace must be obeyed. 

Tlllebmen and Extra Tillermen. — It shall be the duty 
of the tillermen of each truck to give their entire time to 
the interest of the fire department. And they shall be in 
constant attendance at their respective houses, accompanying 
their apparatus to all fires and alarms of fires, and assist the 
members of the companies in the performance of their 
duties at the fire. They shall take charge of and keep in 
neat and clean order their respective apparatus and house, 
and shall attend to keeping the beds and bunk room in 
order. 

Call Hosemen and Laddermen. — The call men of the 
several companies shall, upon an alarm of fire from the sec- 
tion of the city to which they are assigned to duty, proceed 
promptly to the place of the fire, and perform any duty that 
may be required of them. The}' shall remain on duty until 
relieved by order, which shall be given only by the officer 
in command. 



92 KULES AND REGULATIONS. 

They shall, while on duty at tires, wear the regulation 
lire hat. 

Any call man wishing to absent himself from the city, 
shall apply to the captain of his company, and the applica- 
tion shall be forwarded to the chief engineer for action, and 
under no circumstances shall there be more than two call 
men absent at one time from any one company. 

Badges. — All members of the department shall be pro- 
vided with badges, which shall be worn during the whole 
time when they shall be on duty. 

Uniforms. — The captains, engineers, drivers and tiller- 
men shall be required to keep their uniforms in a neat con- 
dition, and shall wear them at all times, except when per- 
mission is granted otherwise. 

The uniforms of the permanent members of the depart- 
ment shall consist as follows : 

Fire Hat. — For chief of department a white leather 
hat, having a gilded front pending from a gilt eagle's head, 
and attached to the front of his hat with the insignia of his 
rank painted upon it in black letters, shaded with red, and 
above the word "chief" in black letters shaded with red, 
upon a scroll of gold as per pattern. 

For assistant chief of department, same as for the chief, 
with the insignia of his rank below the words "assistant 
chief." 

For officers of engine companies, same as for the chief 
of department, except that it will be of black leather, and 
have a white patent leather stitched front, with the number 
of the company cut out of it near the bottom in plain block 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. 93 

figures, on a background of black patent Leather (three and 
one-half inches long, if it be a single figure, and two and one- 
half inches long, if it be a double figure), and with the in- 
signia of rank above it in gold, shaded with red. 

For officers of hook and ladder companies, same as for 
officers of engine companies, except that number of the 
company will be on a background of red patent leather. 

For all other members of companies, same as for officers 
of engine companies, omitting the insignia of rank, and ex- 
cept that the front will be of black patent leather, with the 
number of the company on a background of white patent 
leather. 

For all members of hook and ladder companies, same 
as for officers of hook and ladder companies, omitting the 
insignia of rank, and except that the front will be of red 
patent leather with the number of the company on a back- 
ground of white patent leather, and the registered number 
of each member in white figures, one inch long, painted on 
a line below. 

Fatigue Caps. — For the chief of department, of U. S. 
navy pattern, made of dark blue cloth, pure indigo dye, with 
band one and one-half inches, and quarters one and three- 
quarter inches high, stiffened with hair cloth sewed in the 
seam of top, and quarters to have small holes in the side for 
ventilation, and to be lined with red silk. A narrow welt 
around bottom of band and top seam of cap ; the inner band 
to be of strong, serviceable leather, the visor to be plain 
black, solid patent leather, two inches wide, with rounded 
corners ; the chin-strap of black patent leather, one-half inch 



94 RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

wide, with slides of the same material fastened to each side 
of the cap with a small regulation button. The insignia of 
rank as prescribed to be placed on the quarters in the center 
of the front, the lower points resting nearly upon the upper 
edge of band. 

For assistant chief of department and company officers, 
the same as for the chief of department., except the in- 
signia of rank, which will be prescribed for them respect- 
ively. 

For all other members, same as for company officers, 
omitting the insignia of rank, and substituting therefore a 
white metal Maltese cross, two inches square, with the let- 
ters " l P. F. D." on the lower arm, a hook and ladder 
crossed on the right arm, a hydrant on the left arm, and 
with the registered number of each member in figures, 
three-eights of one inch long, in a circle one inch in diam- 
eter, to be fastened to the cap with an eye under each side 
arm, the lower arm resting on the upper edge of band. 

Coat. — For the Chief of Department a double-breasted, 
close-fitting sack coat, made of dark blue cloth, pure indigo 
dye, cut to button close to the neck, rolling collar, and to 
reach to a point midway between the hip joint and the bend 
of the knee ; to have eight medium-sized regulation buttons 
on each breast, grouped in pairs ; the cuffs to be made to tit 
the wrists, and to be closed with three small regulation but- 
tons ; to have a pocket on the inside of each breast ; the 
sleeves to be cut so as to be conveniently worn inside an 
overcoat ; the coat to be lined with blue flannel and the 
sleeves with linen. 



i;i u:s A\i) REGULATIONS. 95 

The prescribed insignia of rank to be placed on the end 
of the collar on each side. 

For assistant chief of department same as for chief of 
department, except that buttons shall be placed equi-distant 

and the insignia of rank will be prescribed for them 
respectively. 

For company officers, same as for the chief of depart- 
ment except that the buttons will be seven in number on 
eaeli breast, placed equi-distant, and that the insignia of 
rank will be as prescribed for them respectively. 

For all other members same as for company officers, 
except that it will be single-breasted and have six buttons. 

For summer wear a coat may be worn of dark blue flan- 
nel, indigo dye, and in all other respects as above prescribed 
for the various grades, but without lining. 

Overcoat. — For Chief of Department a double-breasted 
frock coat, with rolling collar, made according to pattern at 
headquarters, with lap seams, of best dark blue pilot cloth, 
pure indigo dye, in length to reach to the knee ; to button 
up close to the neck, with eight large regulation buttons on 
each breast, grouped in pairs ; three on each skirt behind 
and three of small size on each sleeve at the cuff ; the skirt 
to be open behind ; no outside pockets, but one inside on 
each breast ; the skirts and back to be lined with flannel ; the 
sleeves to be lined with linen and fit snugly at the wrists. 

For all other officers and members, the same as for the 
chief of department, except that there shall be five regula- 
tion buttons on each breast, placed equi-distant. 

Vest. — For all officers and members a single-breasted 



96 RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

vest, made of same material as the coat, without collar, and 
to button with live small regulation buttons to within live 
inches of the neck band. 

For summer wear a vest may be worn of light cloth or 
flannel, dark blue indigo dye, and in all other respects as 
above prescribed. 

Trowseks. — For all officers and members to be made of 
the same material as the coat, with lap seams, to be cut to 
fit close around the waist, but loosely around the hams and 
legs, to admit of their free use. For summer or winter 
wear, trowsers may be made of heavier or lighter material 
of the same color and dye and in the manner prescribed. 

Shirts. — For all officers to be of white linen or cotton, 
with white collar. 

For all other members to be of dark blue flannel, double- 
breasted, with large rolling collar. 

Cravat. — For all officers a black necktie or bow. 

For all other members, of black silk to pass once around 
the neck, with flat knot in front. 

Insignia of Office. — For Chief of Department Ave 
trumpets measuring one and five sixteenths inches each, 
crossed with bell outward and projecting beyond mouth- 
piece so as to form a design one and one-half inches in 
diameter, to be embroidered in gold upon a circle of dark 
blue cloth. 

For Assistant Chief of Department same as for the chief 
of department, except that there shall be three trumpets 
measuring one and one-half inches each, crossed with bells 
< low] 1 ward. 




N. C. QUACKENBUSH. 



W. Campbell, Captain. 



John McKiernan, Ex-Chief. 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. 9? 

For Captains of engine companies there shall l>e two 
trumpets. The trumpets shall be parallel, with hell down- 
wards, and close together, all on an oval of white metal or 
nickel plate. For captains of hook and ladder companies, 
two axes. 

The insignia for the cap is to have the number of the 
company midway between the trumpets or axes. 

Coat Badge. — Same as for the cap, except that it shall 
be fastened with a pin and catch. 

• Buttons. — For Chief and Assistant Chiefs to be of 
white metal with gilt face, of the following description : 
For overcoat (except the cuff) to be round, one inch in 
diameter, with convex roughened face, having the initials 
" F. D/' in block letters one-quarter of an inch high in the 
center. 

For coat (except the cuffs) same as for overcoat except 
that it is to be three-quarters of one inch in diameter, hav- 
ing the initials " F. D." in block letters in the center, word 
'"Paterson" on top and "City" on bottom. 

For vests, cuffs of coat, and fatigue cap, same as for 
coat, except it be five-sixteenths of one inch in diameter. 

For company officers and all other members, same as for 
chief of department, except that the buttons are to be of 
white metal throughout. 

The uniforms of the members of the department shall be 
kept neat and clean at all times, and all uniforms shall be 
inspected by the chief, who may condemn any parts he 
may consider unlit for service, the same to be renewed 
within a reasonable time. 



98 EULE8 AND REGULATIONS. 

Burial Fund Association. — Was organized and by- 
laws adopted August 1st, 1892, with the object of providing 
a fund for the burial of the deceased members of the 
association. 

The fund consists of an amount of money equal to the 
number of members, at the rate of one dollar per man. 

Upon the death of a brother member in good standing, 
the sum of one hundred dollars shall be paid to his widow 
or nearest of kin. 



HISTORY 



Paterson's Police Protection 



THE EARLY METHODS THAT PREVAILED A QUARTER OF 
A CENTURY AGO — CONSTABLES: ONE ELECTED 
FOR EACH WARD -SPECIAL POLICE AP- 
POINTED FOR STATED PERIODS. 



A CITY MARSHAL THE ONLY SALARIED OFFICER. 



A POLICE FORCE OF TEN MEN ORGANIZED — A FIXED 
SALARY OF FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS 

PER ANNUM. 



THE PRESENT POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

ITS HISTORY AND ORGANIZATION 
UP TO DATE. 



CHAPTER XIV. 

ORGANIZATION OF THE POLICE FORCE. 

A Record of Police Protection Written by Chief Graul — Some Excit- 
ing and Interesting- Episodes Officially Related— The Force Up to 
Date. 

T^IIE writer is indebted to Chief Graul for the following 
condensed sketch of the Police Department : 
Up to July 16th, 1866, Paterson had no police force 
other than the constables elected, one in each ward. The 
city then contained five wards : the North, East, West, 
South and Fifth wards. A city marshal was the only sal- 
aried police official who had been appointed by the mayor 
and aldermen up to that time, except special police who 
were appointed several years previous to the organization of 
the force, and who were hired by the city for stated evenings 
of the week to patrol Main street to prevent corner lounging 
and disorder; their tour of such duty being generally from 
seven to ten o'clock. Some of the constables were also em- 
ployed in this duty. Many burglaries of private houses 
had been perpetrated on the outskirts of the city, and a great 
deal of valuable household goods carried off by the thieves, 
who appeared to come from outside of the city. These 
burglaries were carried on for some time. They became so 
frequent and extensive that the citizens got alarmed, and 



102 ORGANIZATION OF THE FORCE. 

the mayor and aldermen, prompted by this fact, decided to 
organize a police force of ten men. That was consummated 
on July 16th, 1800, and the men so appointed were ordered 
to go on active duty August 1st following, with a fixed sal- 
ary of $500 per annum. 

¥m. G. Watson was mayor of the city, and the follow- 
ing constituted the board of aldermen : 

James Bush and Charles P. Gurner, from the North 
ward. 

John Keynolds and Halmagh Van Winkle, from the 
East ward. 

Peter Simon ton and Samuel Dean, from the West ward. 

John Bowering and Win. Atchinson, from the Fifth 
ward. 

Joseph Stansfield and Wm. Killen, from the South ward. 

Peter Dobbs was city marshal and head of the police 
department, 

The men appointed on the force were as follows : 

Benjamin Harris and Patrick Kenney, from the North 
ward. 

Frederick G. Graul and John P. Conklin, from the East 
ward. 

Henry E. Jones and Bernard Carrol, from the West 
ward. 

John M. Kemp and John P. Spittle, from the Fifth 
ward. 

George Dean and Edward Dunn, from the South ward. 

They were distributed throughout the city in the night 
time, and Patrolmen Graul and Jones were detailed by the 



ORGANIZATION OF THE FORCE. L03 

marshal to patrol the outskirts of the East ward, that being 
the location where all the burglaries had been committed. 
On the night of the 3d of August, the third night of duty, 
at about midnight, these two officers discovered the burglars 

prowling around the house of D. B. Grant, situated on the 
corner of East 18th street and Broadway. The burglars 
discovered the presence of the officers and endeavored to 
make their escape. They were captured, however, and 
proved to be the thieves who had committed all the bur- 
glaries in this neighborhood, a large amount of the stolen 
property being recovered by the officers from the residences 
of both burglars. They were tried on a number of in- 
dictments in this and Bergen county, were convicted and 
sent to Trenton State Prison for twenty-seven years each. 
The names of these burglars were Gustave Dorflinger and 
Peter Reinhardt. Dorflinger lived on Second Ave., New 
York City, and Reinhardt lived in a house situated in the 
woods back of Fort Lee, Bergen County. The latter place 
appeared to have been the headquarters of the thieves, as 
the greater amount of the plunder was found there. They 
travelled with horse and wagon, the horse being a fast road- 
ster, and they generally cleaned out the parlors of houses ; 
in some cases they .took up carpets. Dorflinger was a native 
of Switzerland, and a very large and powerfully built man. 
He was very desperate, and carried a five-chamber Smith & 
Wesson revolver. When they discovered the presence of 
the officers on the night of the arrest, Reinhardt endeavored 
to make his escape by running down Broadway, toward the 
city. Patrolman Graul gave chase and captured him after 



104 ORGANIZATION OF THE FORCE. 

a short run. Dorflinger stood his ground and Patrolman 
Jones took him into custody. Graul brought his prisoner 
back toward Jones and Dorflinger, and when within about 
100 feet of where they were standing, Jones left his pris- 
oner and came to handcuff Reinhardt, who was in Graul' s 
custody. Just then Dorflinger started and ran out Broadway, 
toward the country. Graul said to Jones : " There goes your 
man." Jones replied : " Go and catch him." Graul gave 
chase and run Dorflinger down. Just as he did so, Dor- 
flinger turned and fired his revolver at Graul. Graul grap- 
elled with the burglar, and a fierce struggle ensued, during 
which the burglar discharged his revolver again. Graul, 
having no weapon except a small club, fought to get pos- 
session of the burglar's revolver, which he succeeded in 
doing after a hard struggle. When the burglar saw he was 
losing ground in the struggle, and having lost possession of 
his murderous weapon, he broke loose from his captor and 
ran into the bushes, which were very thick on both sides of 
the road. Graul ordered him to stop, and upon his failing 
to do so, fired two shots at him, one of which took effect in 
the muscle of his right arm. Dorflinger concealed himself 
in the bushes, and could not be found that night, but was 
arrested two days later in New York .city. Search was 
made for their horse and wagon, after Reinhardt had been 
brought to the lockup, and it was found concealed in the 
Van Buren woods on Broadway hill. 

No more burglaries were committed after the capture of 
these two men, and citizens residing in the suburban parts 
of the city felt comparatively safe at night thereafter. 




William Ryan, 

PRESIDENT BOARD OF POLICE COMMISSIONERS. 




James C. Siglar, 

POLICE COMMISSIONER. 



ORGANIZATION OF THE FORCE. 1<T) 

John R. Spittle, wlio had been appointed from the Fifth 
ward, declined to serve, and John P. Conklin, who had been 
appointed from the East ward, only served six days, and re- 
signed Aug. 6th, 1866, and Thomas Maher was appointed to 
fill this vacancy. Maher only served two days. On the 
third day he came on duty in a very drunken condition, and 
Marshall Dobbs relieved him of his badge. 

Aug. 20, 1866, Thomas Maher was dimissed, and Alex- 
ander Davison and Patrick Delaney were appointed. Oct. 
1, 1866, the salaries of patrolmen were raised to $700 per 
annum. Jan. 7, 1867, Patrick Kenny resigned, and Daniel 
Gerve and Alexander W. Morgan were appointed. Feb. 18, 
1867, Heniy E. Jones resigned, and Patrick Cronin was ap- 
pointed. Feb. 19, 1867, Fred'k G. Graul was appointed 
temporary roundsman by Marshal Dobbs. April 15, 1867, 
Cornelius Quackenbush was appointed city marshal, and 
Patrick Cronin and Patrick Delaney were dismissed. May 
20, 1867, Fred'k G. Graul was appointed permanent rounds- 
man, and John B. Rice and Anthony Ellison were ap- 
pointed on the force. July 1, 1867, Bernard Carroll re- 
signed (under charges). Aug. 5, 1867, Charles Simonton 
was appointed to the force. Oct. 7, 1867, John Parmley 
was appointed to the force. Oct. 21, 1867, Edward Dunn 
resigned, and Michael Keeff was appointed. Nov. 18, 1867, 
James Hewitt, Thomas Morrison, John Jordan and James 
Clark were appointed. Jan. 6, 1S68, Anthony Ellison re- 
signed, under charges, and Isaac Allman was appointed. 
Feb. 13, 1868, Benjamin Harris died. Feb. 17, 1S68, John 
M. Kemp resigned, under charges, and Dewit C. Simonton 



106 ORGANIZATION OF THE FORCE. 

was appointed. June 1, 1868, Alexander W. Morgan was 
appointed captain of police, but no duties were denned for 
the captain. July 9, 1868, Henry Barclay was appointed 
on the force. Aug. 31, 1868, John Parmley died. May 10, 
1869, Matthias Vreeland, Jacob Huff, and James Condron 
were appointed. May 24, 1869, Adam Hargreaves, John 
Rooney, and John Keirwinwere appointed. Aug. 3, 1869, 
Roundsman Graul's salary was increased to $800 per an- 
num. Aug. 30, 1869, Isaac Allman resigned. Sept. 13, 
1869, William Murray was appointed. Jan. 20, 1S70, Capt. 
Morgan petitioned the board of aldermen to define his 
duties as caj^tain of police. It was referred to the commit- 
tee on police. March 14, 1870, the committee on police re- 
ported to the board on the matter referred to them in refer- 
ence to denning the duties of the captain of police, and they 
recommend that the office of captain be abolished. The 
recommendation of the committee on police was adopted. 
March 28, 1870, John B. Rice was appointed second rounds- 
man. June 13, 1870, Charles Holloway, Stephen Wester- 
velt, William Duff, Patrick Guilfoil, William Roe, and 
John McBride were appointed. Sept. 12, 1870, the rank 
of roundsman was changed to sergeant, and Henry Barclay 
was appointed third sergeant. Oct. 12, 1870, the first sta- 
tion house was built, on the present site. Jan. 15, 1872, 
William Duff" was dismissed. March 4, 1872, William Roe 
resigned. May 6, 1872, John B. Rice was appointed chief 
of police, under the new city charter, which did away with 
the office of city marshal ; Michael Keeff was appointed ser- 
geant to fill the vacancy caused by the promotion of Ser- 



ORGANIZATION OF THE FORCE. 107 

geant Rico to chief of poKce; William Wilds was ap- 
pointed, and Jacob Unit' resigned. June 3, 1872, Henry 
Rose, John Cronk, Martin R. Drew, Daniel McClory, John 
"Wirzer, and John Binson were appointed. June IT, 1872, 
Alexander F. Anderson, Win. Beatty, John Qninlan, Al- 
bert Polhamus, John Baxter, Joseph T. Brown, and Wm. 
Cairns were appointed. June 3, 1872, James Hewitt was 
appointed fourth sergeant. Aug. 5, 1872, John McBride 
was appointed fifth sergeant, and George Dean was dis- 
missed. Oct 21, 1872, Alexander W. Morgan resigned. 
Jan. 20, 1873, Alexander F. Anderson and Dewitt C. 
Simonton resigned. April 7, 1873, Sergeant Graul was 
promoted to captain of police. May 19, 1873, John Keir- 
wan was dismissed. Aug. 18, 1873, James Clark was dis- 
missed. July 6, 1874, Wm. Cairns resigned. Jan. 4, 1875, 
Joseph T. Brown died. Oct. 4, 1875, Alexander Davidson 
resigned. Feb. 14, 1876, Chief of Police John B. Rice 
was dismissed, and Captain Graul was placed in charge of 
the department by the mayor. April 3, 1870, Captain 
Graul was promoted to chief of police by the unanimous 
vote of the board of aldermen. Dec. 4, 1876, James C. 
Watson resigned. Aug. 4, 1879, Charles Simonton was 
dismissed. April 19, 1880, John Baxter resigned. May 
17, 1880, Isaac Harris, Charles Magee, John Powers, James 
Steel, Richard Mallinson, Wm. Bailey, Wm. Roe, Frank- 
Becker, Wm. O'Rourke, James Dougherty, John Riker, 
Fred'k Bott, James McNamara, Thomas Mclnerney, 
Thomas Mullen, and Michael Phalon were appointed. June 
21,1880, John W. McCrea, John Dervel, Herman Hilhnan, 



108 ORGANIZATION OF THE FORCE. 

John Sommers, and Wm. Keys were appointed. July 11, 
1880, Wm. Murray was dismissed. April 25, 1881, John 
Bimson was appointed captain of police. June 6, 1881, 
Wm. Bailey resigned. June 20, 1881, Wm. McCloud and 
Wm. Van Voorheis were appointed. May 15, 1882, John 
W. McCrea was dismissed. May 1, 1882, Herman Hillnian 
resigned. July 11, 1882, David Kissich, Albert Magee, 
Wm. Mills, jr., Jacob Struck, John Fields, Charles Schock- 
lin, Benajak W. Beardsley, Wm. Bland, John Holland, 
Mathew McGirr, and Miles W. Fitzgerald were appointed. 
April 21, 1883, Wm. Miles, jr., resigned. Oct. 15, 1883, 
Wm. McCloud was dismissed. Nov. 2, 1883, John Quin- 
lan resigned (under charges). March 3, 1884, Henry Rose 
resigned (under charges). May 2, 1884, Charles Hollo- 
way died. Aug. 2, 1884, William Van Voorheis resigned. 
Nov. IT, 1885, James Dougherty was dismissed. April 
11, 1885, James Steel resigned. April 5, 1886, John 
Dowd was dismissed. June 1, 1886, Wm. C. Rourke died. 
July 1, 1886, Peter Murphy, John W. Bradley, David Gib- 
son, Thomas Walker, Patrick Kilt, Michael F. Bradley, 
Frank Bullock, Henry Vanderhoof, Patrick Fitzpatrick, 
John Rosenburgh, Charles W. Bush, James Evers, Peter 
Zeluff, Andrew Vreeland, Andrew J. McBride, John II. 
O'Hara, Charles F. Hoffman, John F. Bradley, Ivrine ( )ver- 
beck, John McKelvey, Alexander Masterton, John Parkin- 
sen, George W. Halstead, William Sweeney, John Roman*. 
John Taylor, James Mullen, John Costello and Frank 
Whitla were appointed. July 12, 1886, Adam Hargreaves 
was appointed sergeant; Richard Wallinson was dismissed. 



ORGANIZATION <>F THE FORCE. L09 

March 21, L887, William Keys resigned (under charges). 
July 26, John II. O'Hara resigned (under charges). Aug. 1. 
Ed. Xolen. Frank Zimnier, Howard Gull, George T. Cazar, 
Samuel Kelly, William H. Adams and Charles Titus were 
appointed. May 7, 1SS8, Mathew McGirr and John Hiker 
were appointed sergeants. Nov. 19, 1888, "Wm. Sweeney 
was dismissed. Jan 15, 1889, Jolm F. Bradley died. Jan. 
8, 1890, Frederick Bott died. Feb. 26, 1890, James Con- 
dron died. April 26, 1890, George T. Cazar died. July 
26, L890, IVEathias Yreeland died. May 18, 1891, Samuel 
Kelly was dismissed. June 15, 1891, John D. Garrison. 
Wm. H. Lord, Henry O'Brien, George Cox, Adolpli Kepp- 
ler, Nelson Graham, Daniel Dermond, Charles Robinson, 
John Draper, Jolm H. Hurd, James Miller, Jolm Stewart. 
Wm. E. Perry, John Fielding and Jolm Campbell were 
appointed. Oct, 19, 1891, Daniel McClory resigned. Nov. 
10, 1891, Wm. Beatty died. Nov. 16, 1891, Charles Boyle 
was appointed. Dec. 21, 1891, Thomas J. McGrath was 
appointed. Feb. 9, 1892, Michael Plialon died. Feb. 15, 
1892, James Dougherty, Henry Titus, James Kehoe and 
Frank Sweetman were appointed. April 15, 1892, John 
Rosenberg was dismissed. May 9, 1892, John McKelvey 
resigned. May 26, 1892, Patrick Guilford was dismissed. 
Aug. 26, 1892, Alexander Master dismissed. Dec, 1. 
1892, George Cox resigned under charges. March 10, 
1892, The patrol wagon for this department arrived at this 
date. It had been ordered by the board of aldermen about 
one month before. March 18, 1892, the patrol wagon went 
into service. March 24, 1S92, the mayor and new police 



110 ORGANIZATION OF THE FORCE. 

justice met and appointed the new police commission. The 
mayor appointed James Johnson for two years and John 
MacDonald for one year. Justice Van Cleve appointed 
Wm. Ryan for two years and James C. Siglar for one year. 
March 28, 1892, the board of police commissioners organ- 
ized; Commissioner Ryan was elected president and John 
F. Lee appointed clerk. One of the first acts of the board 
of police commissioners was to provide a stable adjoining 
the police station, where the patrol wagon, ambulance and 
police horse and vehicle could be kept ; they also appointed 
two. ambulance drivers, one for night service and one for 
day service, thus enabling the department to give prompt 
and better service. 



CHAPTER XV. 



THE AMENDED CHARTER. 



An Oath of Affirmation — The Mayor to Appoint All Policemen, Sub- 
ject to the Confirmation of the Board of Aldermen— A Chief of 
Police— A Day and Night Police Force — Their Duties and Com- 
pensation—Chief, Captain, Sergeants and Patrolmen— Uniform 
and Badges— Salary. 

T^HE Amended Charter, approved March 23d, 1871, 
made it obligatory on every constable, before entering 
upon the duties of his office, to take and subscribe before the 
city clerk an oath of affirmation in the form prescribed for 
constables of townships, using the word "city" instead of 
" township ; " and every constable, before entering on the 
duties of his office, should enter into bonds to the mayor 
and aldermen of the city, with one or more sureties to be 
approved by the board of aldermen, in such sum as might 
be fixed by ordinance from time to time. 

Section 32 of the amended charter reads as follows : 
" That the mayor shall appoint all policemen for said city, 
subject to the confirmation of the board of aldermen, and 
he shall have power to suspend any policeman, but shall, 
immediately upon so doing, communicate the fact of such 
suspension, with the reasons therefor, to the said board; 
and no policeman appointed and confirmed as aforesaid 



112 AMENDED CHARTER. 

shall be removed except for cause and by the votes of a 
majority of all the members of said board. The mayor 
shall appoint one person from among the police force of 
said city, in May next after the passage of this act. to be 
chief of police, subject to the confirmation of said board, 
who shall perforin the same duties as other policemen, and 
such additional duties as the board of aldermen shall by 
ordinance require of him; and the said chief of police shall 
hold such office during good behavior, unless sooner 
removed by a two-thirds vote of all the members of said 
board. 

" Section 33: That in all actions now pending or to be 
brought hereafter before the recorder of said city, and in 
all proceedings in any of the criminal courts of the county 
of Passaic, the police officers of said city shall possess the 
same powers, perform the same duties and receive the same 
compensation as constables of the county of Passaic in like 
cases, except that no such officer shall receive any compensa- 
tion for services under proceedings before said recorder." 

An ordinance to establish, regulate and control a day 
and night police ; to regulate and define the manner of 
their appointment and removal, their duties and compensa- 
tion, was passed April 9th, 1875, of which the following is 
an abstract : 

The police department shall consist of the chief of 
police, one captain and as many sergeants and patrolmen as 
the board of aldermen may from time to time appoint. 

That during the illness or absence of the chief of police 
the captain of police shall execute and discharge the duties 




.Ias. Johnston, 
POLICE COMMISSIONER. 




John McDonald. 
POLICE COMMISSIONER. 



A.MENDED OHABTBB. 113 

of the office of chief of police, and at all other times Bhall 
discharge such duties as may be prescribed. 

The members, when on duty, .shall wear such Uniform 
and badges, or signs of office, as shall from time to time be 
prescribed by the board of aldermen. 

The annual salary of the captain of police shall be $950 ; 
of each sergeant, $900 ; of each patrolman, $850 ; and 
neither of said officers shall receive any other costs, fees or 
charges for services performed while on their regular duty. 

Applications for appointment shall be made to the 
mayor in writing, and signed by the party by and for whom 
the application is made. 

A certificate signed by a majority of the examining 
board (chief, city physician and committee on police), 
recommending any candidate presenting himself for such 
examination, shall be considered and taken by the mayor as 
sufficient evidence of such examination. 

Each of the several ward constables shall be a police 
constable, and entitled to receive the fees upon the service 
of processes by them for violation of any of the laws or 
ordinances of the city, as full remuneration for the duties 
of their position of police constables. 

In addition to such ward constables there shall be 
appointed by the board of aldermen such other police con- 
stables as they shall from time to time think necessary for 
the better government of the city, who shall receive as full 
remuneration for performing the duties of the position of 
police constable. 

Any member of the police force may be expelled from 



Hi AMENDED CHARTER. 

office by a majority vote of the board of aldermen, in addi- 
tion to any other punishment to which he may be subject 
by law, against whom any of the following charges may be 
substantiated, namely : Intoxication ; willful disobedience 
of orders ; violent, coarse or insolent behavior to a superior 
in office, or any other person ; receiving money or other 
valuable thing contrary to the statutes of the state, the ordi- 
nances of the city, or the rules and regulations of the police 
department ; willful non-compliance with the said rules and 
regulations ; inefficiency or gross neglect of duty ; willfully 
maltreating, or doing unnecessary violence towards a pris- 
oner or citizen, and such other causes as may be specially 
provided for or mentioned in said rules and regulations. 

An act approved March 4th, 1880, enacted that "in all 
cases where any fireman or policeman of any incorporated 
city or town of this state is disabled while in the discharge 
of his public duties, it shall be lawful for the common 
council, board of aldermen, finance committee, or other 
governing body of such city or town, to pay such person so 
disabled as aforesaid, during the time he is disabled, such, 
compensation, including medical attendance, as said com- 
mon council, board of aldermen, nuance committee, or other 
governing body of such city or town shall deem reasonable 
and proper, on the certificate of a physician, describing 
disabilities." 



OHAPTEE XVI. 

AN EXCELLENT POLICE FOKCK. 

Summary of Events Compiled from Annual Reports — Distribution of 
the Force — Additional Men Appointed — A Mountain Tragedy. 

I^ATERSOX has always had an excellent police force. 
At present it consists of 88 men. Tlie officers are a 
chief, captain, 7 sergeants, and 79 patrolmen. The oldest 
member of the police force is Chief Graul, who has served 
26 years. Sergeant Keeff comes next with 25 years. Ser- 
geant Hewitt and Patrolman Jordan each have 24 years and 
6 months to their credit. 

As in the case of the fire department, the writer has 
compiled the following summary of police history from the 
annual reports of the chief and the messages of the mayor. 
The official year ended March 20. 

1876. — The mayor reported to the board of aldermen that 
the committee on police made some effort during the year to 
secure a better state of discipline and more effectiveness in 
the force than had heretofore existed. During the past year 
charges had been preferred against the chief for conduct 
unbecoming an officer. After a fair trial before the board 
of aldermen, it resulted in his removal from office, Feb. 14> 
1876. Frederick G. Graul was appointed to fill the vacan- 
cy, April 3 following. The mayor recommended that the 



116 AN EXCELLENT POLICE FOKCE. 

committee having charge of the department should give it 
their special attention, and whatever might be necessary to 
render the force efficient, well disciplined, and of high moral 
character, that the same be done. 

1877. — The chief of police reported the discipline of the 
force as having been very good. But one officer had been 
reported with having violated the rules. The number of 
men on the force was twenty-five, consisting of the chief, 
four sergeants and twenty patrolmen. Attention was called 
to the unfit condition of the station house. Adjoining the 
room used for the police were the lodgers' rooms. In winter 
especially these rooms were always crowded at night with 
lodgers. Some plan, it was urged, should be adopted by 
which the policemen could be relieved from this unpleasant 
proximity to these lodgers. 

The total number of arrests was 1,391. 

Tlie peace of the city had been very good, there having 
been no serious crimes or extensive robberies committed. 

The distribution of the force was as follows : One ser- 
geant to attend to licenses of saloons, pedlers, hacks, shows, 
ifec. One patrolman to regulate the market for the sale of 
country produce. One patrolman for duty in the vicinity of 
the Erie Railway depot to prevent lounging about the depot 
and to protect passengers from being insulted in the waiting- 
rooms, and to preserve the peace in that vicinity. Two 
patrolmen to do general patrol duty in the day time, and 
serve warrants, when issued, by the Recorder. One patrol- 
man detailed at the station house in the day time to keep 
the police room and cells clean, attend all the wants of the 



AN EXCELLENT POLICE FOEOE. 117 

station house, attend to the recorder's court while in session, 
and keep a correct list of persons apprehended, and their dis- 
posal by the recorder. One patrolman detailed at the sta- 
tion house in the night time to keep a correct list of persons 
applying at the station house for lodging, see that the lodg- 
ing room was properly cleaned every morning, make are- 
port of street lamps that had not been lighted during the 
night — when so reported by the officers going off duty every 
morning, make a report of all alarms of lire in the night 
time, the cause of the alarm, the box it is sent from and the 
exact time it strikes, and also deliver the fire lanterns to the 
officers doing duty at the fire. Three sergeants on night 
duty, each one having a district assigned him, to visit each 
patrolman as often as possible during the night, in their 
respective districts, make a written report every morning 
when going off duty, stating the time and place, when and 
where he saw each patrolman during the night, and report 
all irregularities on the part of any patrolman to the chief 
of police; also take charge of the police at fires where a fire 
occurs in their respective districts. Fourteen patrolmen to do 
night work, distributed as follows : One in the First ward, 
one in the Second ward, two in the Third ward, two in the 
Fourth ward, three in the Fifth ward, two in the Sixth 
ward, and three in the Seventh and Eighth wards. The 
city was divided into fourteen beats, whereby each patrol- 
man had a very large territory to patrol. 

1878. — The records of this year are missing. 

1879. — There was a diversity of opinion in regard to the 
necessity of an increase of the force ; it was a question that 



118 AN EXCELLENT POLICE FORCE. 

required to be carefully considered, the Mayor said. As a 
general rule the city was very peaceable, but it was thought 
advisable, if not necessary, to increase the force in order to 
shorten the beats. 

On Monday, August 12, the body of Bartholomew Mc- 
Grail was found beheaded, lying on the track of the 1ST. Y., 
L. E. & W. R. R., near Passaic Bridge. It was rumored 
that he was murdered in this city and the body taken in a 
wagon to the spot where it was found. It was proved how- 
ever that he came to his death by having been accidentally 
run over. 

Four cases of highway robbery were reported during the 
year. A number of small burglaries were also committed. 

The tramp had become a dangerous nuisance, and there 
were good reasons to believe that a great portion of the 
robberies committed in private dwellings were committed 
by them. The chief suggested that there be some plan 
adopted to put them to work, which would have the effect 
of driving them from the vicinity. 

The force, he said, was entirely too small to guard the 
city against thieves and the young rowdy element that was 
growing up. It should consist of at least forty members. 

The total number of arrests was 1,573. 

1880. — Mayor Graham in his annual message indulged 
in some strictures on the misconduct of certain members of 
the force. 

The principal object, he said, in maintaining a city was 
to protect the property and life of its citizens, and to do 
this there must be a well-organized and sufficient police 



AN EXCELLENT POLICE FORCE. 119 

force. He had suspended members of the force for various 
com] >laints. One member was dismissed. There were other 
complaints against some of the patrolmen, but the parties 
making the complaints were slow in coining forward to 
substantiate their charges. It had been shown during the 
year that a small number of the officers, by their miscon- 
duct, could weaken public confidence in the entire depart- 
ment. The city counsel had decided that the board of 
aldermen could make rules regulating the department. 
There was no branch of the city government, the mayor 
said, had met with such an amount of criticism as the 
police force. There had been a number of special police- 
men appointed, principally as private watchmen, whereby 
many points in the city had been guarded. 

He recommended that the force be increased to at least 
its original number, as in his judgment it was too small for 
a proper surveillance of the largely increased floating popu- 
lation of the city. 

On Saturday, June 2Sth, 1879, James Osborne was way- 
laid in a stable on Jersey street, and struck on the head 
with a cart rung in the hands of John Hartley, from which 
injuries he died three days afterward. 

On the night of Oct. 28th, 1879, an old German named 
Michael J. Firchs, living in a shanty at No. 23 Ward street, 
was shot and killed. 

On the evening of Monday, Sept. 15th, 1879, H. Cor- 
win, of No. 51 Spring street, was assaulted near his resi- 
dence, and robbed of his watch and chain. 

On Saturday morning, Feb. 21st, 1880, the body of 



120 AN EXCELLENT POLICE FORCE. 

Harriet Hink was found murdered in her apartments, No. 
55 Division street. A jury brought in a verdict that she 
came to her death from injuries inflicted with a blunt in- 
strument and they recommended that Patrick Henry 
Bracken be held for the action of the Grand Jury. 

A great many burglaries had been committed during the 
year, principally in small stores and private houses. 

On Sunday morning, May 2d, 1880, several German 
singing societies went to Garret Mountain at daybreak, as 
usual, to celebrate May-day. It drew together a great many 
people on the mountain, some of whom began strolling off 
on adjacent property. William Dalzell occupied a large 
plot of land next to the Garret Mountain property. A 
young man named Joseph Van Houten came on Dalzell's 
property. Dalzell's son and Van Houten began to quarrel, 
whereupon Dalzell, sr., shot the latter dead. The Dalzells 
fled to' their dwelling, fearing violence. Officers hurried to 
the scene of the disturbance, and the murderer was ar- 
rested. The crowd set fire to the building, and the officers 
with their prisoner had to run across lots to the next house, 
to escape a shower of stones. Here several officers had 
very narrow escapes. The crowd showed a disposition to 
make an assault on the place. Two coaches were procured, 
one by the sheriff and one by the chief. The Rev. Father 
MoNulty and the mayor went on the mountain and tried to 
pacify the enraged crowd. The priest volunteered to get 
on the seat with the driver. Dalzell was rushed from the 
house through the police lines to the carriage by the sheriff, 
and the carriage driven away, not, however, without the 




Frank Van Cleve 
police judge. 




Frederick G. Graul, 

CHIEF OK POLICE. 



AN EXCELLENT POLICE FORCE. 121 

crowd making an unsuccessful attempt to capture the 
prisoner. 

He was tried for manslaughter and a verdict of not 
guilty rendered. 

As in the previous year, several robberies, of no great 
magnitude, were committed, the proceeds of which had 
been recovered. 

The most extensive burglary committed for many years 
took place on the night of February 14th, 1881, in the 
jewelry establishment of Garside & Berdan, No. 122 Mar- 
ket street, and property carried away to the amount of 

$4,ooq. 

Twenty-one additional men were appointed during the 
year, one resignation was received, and one officer was dis- 
missed from the force during the year, making the total 
number of officers forty-three. The effect of more police 
officers w T as very apparent. There should be at least one officer 
to every thousand inhabitants. A great many more arrests 
had been made than in former years, and. better order had 
been preserved, showing that the increase to the force had 
had the desired effect. 



CHAPTEK XVII. 



CHANGES IN THE DEPARTMENT. 



Homicides. Check Forgers, and Rioting — Thieves from Other Cities 
— Total Number of Arrests — Several Serious Shooting Affrays — 
A Terrible Explosion. 

-i 882. — During the past year seven officers had been tried 
on charges. The mayor and citizens seemed to have 
worked themselves into a very uncomfortable state of vir- 
tuous indignation over the alleged delinquencies of a few 
black sheep in the department. 

The mayor had a sermon to preach on this subject. He 
expressed himself as of the opinion that a change could be 
made for the better in the department, by promptly trying 
and disposing of all cases where charges were made against 
policemen. He had a plan, like all reformers. It was 
"that a change could be made for the better in trying all 
such cases, not in the method, but in the final ending of 
such trials, and to that end would recommend that hereafter 
the findings of the committee, upon the approval of the 
mayor, shall be ended." 

If his plan, the mayor said, were adopted " it would 
have a tendency to increase the discipline of the force and 
relieve the aldermen from the pressure often brought to 
bear on them to shield an officer from a well deserved 
punishment." 



CHANGES IN THE DEPAIi'l MNKT. 123 

The force consisted of chief, captain, four sergeants, 
thirty-eight patrolmen. 

On April 25th, 1881, Patrolman John Bimson was pro- 
moted to be captain of police. 

Value of stolen property restored, $2,235.85. 

Total number of arrests, 3,083. 

1883. — One homicide occurred during the year. It was 
committed on the night of August 15th, 1882, by David 
Taylor, who kept a liquor saloon at No. 85 Spruce street, 
his wife being the victim. He was convicted of man- 
slaughter and sentenced to state prison for four years. 

The city was visited the past year by three different sets 
of thieves from other cities : shoplifters and check forgers. 
Conviction followed arrest in every case. 

The chief had ordered the force to be drilled twice 
a month in Upton's tactics, and thirteen department drills 
had been had, Captain Bimson being the instructor. 

During the past year eleven men were appointed on the 
force, one resignation was tendered and one man was dis- 
missed, making the total number 53. 

Charges against members : 

Patrolman Adam Hargreaves, neglect of duty ; fine. 3 
days. 

Patrolman John W. ]VIcCrea, drunk ; dismissed the 
force. 

Patrolman Patrick Guilfoil ; neglect of duty ; one day's 
pay. 

Patrolman John Sommers; disobedience of orders ; rep- 
rimanded. 



124 CHANGES IN THE DEPARTMENT. 

Patrolman Thomas Mullen ; absent from duty ; one 
day's pay. 

1884. — The force numbered 48 men, as follows : 1 chief, 
1 captain, 4 sergeants and 42 patrolmen. 

The peace of the city had been very good during the 
preceding year. The timely arrival of Sergeant McBride 
with a squad of officers, on the evening of July 12th, on 
the corner of Main and Ellison streets, prevented what 
might have been a riot. The Orangemen's society had held 
a picnic at Bunker Hill. On their return in the evening an 
altercation took place between a hackman who was driving 
down Main street and a marshal of the Orangemen's pro- 
cession. A large crowd gathered and but for the arrival of 
Sergeant McBride, a fight was inevitable. 

A very serious accident occurred on July 13th, at the 
paint store of James F. Norwood and James D. Dunkerley, 
Xo. 174 Main street, which resulted in the loss of two lives. 
The accident was caused by the explosion of gas. 

Three deadly assaults, one of them fatal, were recorded 
during the year. 

The city covered over eight square miles of territory, 
and contained about 58,000 inhabitants. To cover this 
large territory and give proper police protection, it would 
require at least 75 men. It was deemed advisable to estab- 
lish a sub station in the southern part of the city. 

The aggregate amount of the pay roll was $44,594.11. 

Total number of arrests, 3,136. 

Total value of stolen property recovered, 81,752.88. 



(MANGES IN THE DEPARTMENT. 125 

1885. — The force consisted of 1 chief, 1 captain, 4 mi- 
geants and 40 patrolmen. 

The captain took charge of the night force ; each ser- 
geant took charge of a squad of officers on post; three pa- 
trolmen were detailed for desk duty, two to serve warrants 
and answer calls for ambulance, and all other calls during 
the day time ; one for duty at the depot in the day time : 
live for post duty in the forenoon in charge of a sergeant ; 
ten for post duty in the afternoon, in charge of a sergeant, 
and nineteen for duty on post at night, in charge of two 
sergeants. 

Officer Charles Hollaway died May 2d, 1884. He was 
appointed a patrolman, June 13th, 1870. 

1886. — The mayor in his message declared that the force 
should be increased to at least one policeman to every 
thousand inhabitants. 

Many burglaries had been committed, some of a serious 
character. In several cases business houses were entered, 
the safes blown open or the doors drilled, the combination 
locks destroyed, and in two cases (F. C. Van Dyek & Co.'s 
and H. B. Crosby & Son's ) the burglars carried away a con- 
siderable amount of money and valuable papers. 

Professional safe burglars worked very successfully about 
this time in all the cities of the Middle and Eastern States. 
Newark, Jersey City and Hoboken had been visited fre- 
quently by this class of thieves and all efforts to capture 
them had failed. Private houses and small store robberies 
had been quite prevalent during the fall and winter months, 



126 CHANGES IN THE DEPARTMENT. 

which caused extra duty to be imposed on the members of 
the force. 

Several serious shooting affrays had occurred, one of 
which resulted in the killing of two persons, at the house 
No. 271 Main street ; the husband killing his wife, and then 
killing himself. The parties to this tragedy were George 
llolford and Mary his wife. There were no witnesses, as 
the first intimation anyone had of its occurrence was when 
their son came home and found both dead. It was very 
plain to be seen from the surroundings that llolford had 
shot his wife in the head while she was asleep in bed, and 
then shot himself. He was a peddler by occupation and 
originally came from Newark, JST. J. 

On the night of August 15, 1885, John H. CVDell went 
into the saloon kept by his wife at ISTo. 25 1-2 West street 
and demanded an interview with her in the back room. 
She went in with him. He asked her if she would live 
with him again. She gave him a negative reply and came 
out into the bar room to serve customers. O'Dell came out 
behind her and stood at the end of the bar and without any 
warning pulled out a revolver from his pocket and fired two 
shots, one of which struck his wife in the breast, and the 
other grazed the head df one of the customers in the bar 
room. He was disarmed by one of the men present. 
O'Dell then ran to the police station and gave himself up to 
Officer Drew, who was on duty at the desk. O'Dell had 
served a term in the state prison for wife beating and had 
been discharged from that institution but a short time before 
the shooting. He was tried and convicted for attempting 



GHANOES l.\ THE DEPARTMENT. 127 

to commit murder and was sent to the state prison for five 
years. Eis wife soon recovered from her injury, the ball 
not having touched any vital part. 

On October, 28th, 1885, another shooting affair occurred. 
This was at the law office of Z. M. Ward in the Vreeland 
building on Main street. This caused great excitement for 
a time on account of the parties to it being well known in 
the community. This was done by Thomas A. Dowling, 
who went to Ward's office, and while there shot Ward. 
Dowling fired two shots, one of which however only took 
effect. Dowling then ran to the police station and asked to 
be protected. It was at first supposed that Ward was fatal- 
ly shot, but this proved not to be so, as he recovered very 
rapidly after the ball had been extracted from his person by 
his physicians. 

1887. — The increase of thirty additional officers to the 
department during the past year had had a great influence 
over the young and lawless element, and had had the effect 
of breaking up a great deal of the corner lounging and 
other annoyances which were very prevalent. 

The total number of arrests was 2,688. 

1S88. — A terrible explosion of a revolving rug boiler 
occurred at the Ivanhoe paper mill on April 23d, 1888, 
causing the death of two men and the injuring of about 20 
other persons. 

Among the list of casualties recorded in Chief Graul's 
report was a number of people who received injuries during 
the morning of March 12th, the day of the great blizzard. 

The seven additional men appointed by the board 



128 CHANGES IN THE DEPARTMENT. 

brought the number up to seventy-seven patrolmen, five 
sergeants, one captain, one chief. 

The construction of the new lockup building during the 
past year was an improvement over the old structure, giving 
better lockup accommodation, better facilities for keeping 
clean and separating prisoners. This building, however, 
was only partly finished. 




John Bimson, 
captain. 



CHAPTER XVIII. 

PRESENT POLICE FORCE EXHIBIT. 

The Most Horrible Murder Ever Committed in Paterson. — Many Petty 
Thefts. — Necessity of a Patrol Wagon. — Laws Concerning the 
Sale and Regulation of the Liquor Traffic. — Roster of the Depart- 
ment. 

'i 889. — Two murders were committed, the victims being 
Matthew Ash, whose body was found in the river, near 
the West street bridge, on the afternoon of Nov. 8, and 
Kate or Cornelia Laber, who was murdered by her husband, 
Tunis, Feb. 28. This was, perhaps, the most horrible mur- 
der ever committed in this city, and was the result of jeal- 
ousy. 

The finishing and furnishing of the' upper floor of the 
new headquarters' building the past year had given accomo- 
dations that the need of had been felt for a long time, and 
which were fully appreciated by the officers and patrolmen 
of the department. By this improvement the different 
grades of officers and patrolmen were separated from each 
other, each grade having their separate rooms. While there 
had been no extravagance shown in the furnishing of the 
different apartments, yet each was elegantly and substantial- 
ly furnished. 

1890. — Many petty thefts had been reported committed 



130 PRESENT POLICE FORCE EXHIBIT. 

by juvenile thieves. This class of thieving had increased 
wonderfully. Many of the arrests made and convictions 
had were of small boys. It was sometimes a hard problem 
for the judges of the county court to solve, when this class of 
offenders were brought before them, as to what disposition 
k> make of them. Some were hardly fit subjects for the 
state reform school, yet some degree of restraint should be 
placed upon them. Many of this class fell into bad habits 
through neglect of their parents, who were compelled to 
work in the mills and workshops to earn their livelihood, 
while the children were left to themselves at home with no 
one to look after them. In this way they learnt to practice 
mischief, commenced pilfering, and soon cropped out as 
thieves. If a city or county institution were established 
where this class of offenders could be committed by the re- 
corder for correction, many would, perhaps, have been 
saved 'from becoming habitual criminals. 

The chief called attention to the fact that while the city 
had grown immensely in the past few years, both in popu- 
lation and improvement in property, the police force had 
diminished in numbers, and no effort had been made to in- 
crease the same. "Whole blocks of dwelling houses and fac- 
tories had grown up in the suburbs ; the farm lands, where 
produce was raised a few years ago, had been transformed 
into homes of working people. The territory to be patrolled 
by the police had extended far out beyond where it was 
necessary to patrol before, yet the police force had not 
kept up with this growth, but had been reduced by death 
and dismissals ; consequently, the police protection given the 



PRESENT POLICE FORCE EXHIBIT. 131 

suburban parts of the city was limited, and of little effect. 
He therefore recommended that an additional number of 
men be appointed to meet this demand, and a sub-station be 
established in the southern part of the city ; that provisions 
be made by which the ambulance and police vehicle be 
kept convenient to and under the direct supervision of the 
department, and that a police patrol wagon be purchased; 
all to be kept at the same place, with a man to take care of 
them. This, he said, would be a great improvement in the 
police and ambulance service, and the additional expense 
would be trifling. 

1891. — Since the last annual report, the department sus- 
tained the loss of two men by death and one permanently 
disabled by sickness. No appointments had been made 
since July 18, 1887. At that time it was deemed necessary 
to appoint seven additional men, who made the total num- 
ber of the force 77, consisting of chief, captain, 5 sergeants, 
and 70 patrolmen. Since that time two patrolmen were 
promoted to sergeants, five had died, one was dismissed 
from the force, and one was permanently disabled by sick- 
ness. This reduction brought the number of patrolmen 
down to 61 men. Of this number, three were detailed to 
desk duty in the station house, two to do detective work, 
serve warrants and answer calls ; one as truant officer, one to 
do duty at railroad depot, and one to attend in the recorder's 
court. This reduction of the patrolling force reduced it to 
53 men. The chief called attention to the necessity of 
providing the department with a patrol wagon. It was de- 
cided by the board last year to purchase one, but no pro- 



132 PRESENT POLICE FORCE EXHIBIT. 

vision was made as to where it should be kept, and the pur- 
chase was not made. The patrol wagon and ambulance, he 
said, should be kept in a stable connected directly with the 
police station, and a person should be engaged to take care 
of them both. He could see only one way by which that 
could be done, and that was to place them in the house oc- 
cupied by Engine Company No. 1. That property could 
be directly connected with the station house by placing a 
door in the rear partition wall of that property. That house 
would be well adapted for that purpose. Then to provide 
a house for that company, a lot could be purchased next to 
their present house, and a house could be built for that com- 
pany that would be better fitted for engine purposes than 
the house then used by them. 

The department was also in great need of a fund on 
which to draw in cases that required the expenditure of 
money in following up criminals and violators of ordinances. 
He did not know of any police department that did not have 
such a fund. The department had never been provided 
with any funds to pay any expenses that were necessary to 
incur in either following up a criminal or obtaining evi- 
dence against violators of ordinances. The enforcing of the 
laws concerning the sale of liquor usually required some ex- 
pense in obtaining evidence. The amount' required was 
small, and when prosecutions were had and convictions fol- 
lowed, the amount so spent was usually returned ten-fold 
by fines imposed. Besides this, the state law required that 
all fees allowed by law in criminal cases for arrests, examin- 
ations, and serving commitments, shall be paid into the city 



PBESENT POLICE FOKCE EXHIBIT. 133 

treasury. This was done by the chief, monthly. The amount 
allowed by law for each arrest, under the criminal laws of 
the state, was 80 cents ; for each examination, 50 cents, and 
for each commitment, $1. These bills were made payable 
to the city of Paterson, and were paid by the county collec- 
tor. The amount collected annually from this source was 
usually from $800 to $1,000. The earning of this money 
was largely due to the persevering manner in which crimi- 
nals were hunted down, and which oftentimes required 
some expense. It would therefore seem proper that some 
of the money derived from this source be set aside to meet 
such expenditures as were required to prosecute this work. 

1892. — Following is an abstract of Chief Graul's annual 
report : 

The peace of our city has been very good during the 
past year ; we have had no severe disturbances of the peace, 
and no extensive robberies committed. The additional 15 
patrolmen appointed by your honorable board in June last, 
and the two appointed to fill vacancies that occurred since 
that time, have made a good impression on the lawless ele- 
ment of this city, and was a wise step taken by you in the 
proper time. The patrol wagon which you have purchased, 
and goes into service now, will, I- am sure, be one of the best 
appliances to do police work ever furnished this department. 
Yet the service of the patrol wagon will not be perfect until 
the police telegraph system is furnished. I therefore ear- 
nestly recommend that said system be furnished. 

Two deaths have occurred in the membership of this 



13-1 . PRESENT POLICE FORCE EXHIBIT. 

department during the past year, those of Patrolman Will- 
iam Beatty and Michael Phalon. 

Patrolman Beatty was appointed a member of this de- 
partment on June 17, 1872. He died Nov. 10, 1891, hav- 
ing thus served 19 years, 4 months, and 23 days. 

Policeman Phalon was appointed on May 17, 1880. He 
died on Feb. 9, 1892, having thus served 11 years, 8 months, 
and 23 days. 

Roster of the force. — The following exhibit will show 
the name, age, date of appointment, and time served by 
each member of this department : 

date of TIME 

AGE - ™™. Y 4s RVED HO. 

Frederick G. Graul 51 . . . .July 16, 1886 25 7 

JohnBimson 46.... June 3, 1872 19 9 

Henry Barclay 60. . . . July 9, 1868 23 7 

Michael ( Keeff 62.... Oct. 21, 1867 24 4 

James Hewitt 62... Nov. 18, 1867 24 3 

JohnMcBride 52 ...June 13, 1870 21 9 

Adam Hargreaves 52. . . .May 24, 1869 22 9 

MathewMcGirr 37. . . .July 10, 1882 9 8 

John Riker 35.... May 17, 1880 11 10 

John Jordan 63.... Nov. 18, 1867 24 3 

John Rooney 65. . . .May 24, 1869 22 9 

Stephen H. Westervelt 58. . . . June 13, 1870 21 8 

Patrick Guilfoil 50 . . .June 13, 1870 21 8 

Wm. Wilds 53 May 6, 1872 19 10 

JohnCronk 62... June 3, 1872 19 9 

Martin R. Drew 61... .June 3, 1872 19 9 

John Werger 54.... June 3, 1872 19 9 

Isaac Harris 54. . . .May 17, 1880 11 10 

Charles Magee 35. . . .May 17, 1880 11 10 



PRESENT POLICE FORCE EXHIBIT. 135 

T -ssia* y . e t ;i ' d m „. 

John Powers 35.... May 17, 1880 11 10 

Wm. Roe 52. .. .June 13, 1870 12 7 

Frank Becker 50... May 17, 1880 11 10 

James McNamara 48 11 10 

Thomas Mclnerney 38.... " 11 10 

ThomasMullen 36.... " 11 10 

John Sommers 37 ...June 21, 1880 11 9 

David Kissick 41. . .July 10, 1882 9.. ..8 

Albert Magee 38.... " 9 8 

Jacob Struck 36.... " 9 8 

John Fields 47.... " 9 8 

Charles Schocklin 37.... " 9 8 

Benejah W. Beardsley 39 . . . " 9 8 

Wm. Bland 44.... " 9 8 

John Holland 32.... " 9 8 

Miles W. Fitzgerald 48. ... " 9 8 

Peter Murphy 36. .. .June 21, 1886 5 8 

John W. Bradley 43. . . . " 5 8 

David Gibson 42.... " 5 8 

Thomas Walker 31 ... . " 5 8 

Patrick Kilt 43.... " 5 8 

Michael F. Bradley 31. . . . " 5 8 

Frank Bullock 35. . . . " 5 8 

Henry Vanderhoff 34... " 5 8 

Patrick Fitzpatrick 42 . . . " 5 . . . 

John Rosenberg 38 

Charles B. Bush 48.... " 5 

James Evers 30 ... . 5 . 

PeterZeluff 42.... " 5. 

Andrew Vreeland 42 5 . 

Andrew J. McBride 31 " 5. 

Charles F. Hopper 40. . . . " 5 



5 8 



136 PRESENT POLICE FORCE EXHIBIT. 



DATE OF 
APPOINTMENT. 



TIME 
SERVED. 

t'rs. mo. 



Krine Overbeds 36. . . .June 21, 1886 5 8 

John McKelvej 32 ... . " 5 8 

Alexander Masterton 32 ■' 5 8 

John Parkinson 34.... " 5 8 

George Halstead 33 " 5 8 

JohnRomery 32... " 5 8 

John Taylor 29 . . . " 5 8 

James Mullen 33. ... " 5 8 

John Mullen 41.... " 5... .8 

JohnCostello 40.... " 5 8 

Frank Whitta 43 ... . " 5 8 

Edward Nolen 34.... July 18, 1887 4 7 

Frank Zimmer 33 " 4 7 

Howard Gall 33.... 

Wm. H. Adams 44 

Charles Titus 36.... 

John D. Garrison 37. . .July 1, 1891 . . . 

Wm. H.Lord 30.. . 

Henry O'Brien 23.... 

George Cox 32.... 

Adolph Keppler 28 " 

Nelson Graham 38 " 

John Draper 26. . . . Sept. 1, 1891 . . 

Charles Robinson 28 " 

JohnH. Hurd 38.. . 

James Miller 44... " . ... 

John Stewart .. . 42.... 

Wm. E. Perry 28.... 

John Fielding 33.... 

John Campbell 32 ... . 

Daniel Dermond 34 ... . " 

Charles Boyle 32 . . . .Dec. 1, 1891 . . 



4.... 


. 7 


4.... 


7 


4.... 


.. 7 


0.... 


.. 7 


0.... 


.. 7 


0.... 


.. 7 


0.... 


.. 7 


0... 


... 7 


0... 


. . . 7 


0... 


...5 


0... 


... 5 


0.... 


. . 5 


0.. 


.. 5 


0... 


... 5 


0... 


... 5 


0... 


... 5 


0... 


... 5 


0... 


... 5 


0... 


... 3 



PRESENT POLICE FORCE EXHIBIT. 



137 



NAME. 



DATE OF 
APPOINTMENT. 



Thomas J. McGrath 30. . . .Dec. 27, 1881 

James Dougherty 26. . . .Mar. 1, 1892. 

Hemy Titus 44. 

James Kehoe 26 . 

Frank Sweetman 24 . 

Total 88 men 



TIME 
SERVED. 

y'rs. MO. 
. 2 

. 

. 

. 

. 



EXPENDITURES. 
Amount of Pay Rolls. 
.$ 5,626 24 For Sept., 1891. 



5,483 35 


" Oct. 


5,546 07 


" Nov. 


2,538 90 


" Dec. 


6,019 79 


" Jan. 


5,950 07 


" Feb. 



For March, 
" April 
" May 
' ' June 
» July 
" Aug. 

Total pay rolls $73, 

Incidental expenditures 4, 



1892. 



,697 29 
:,587 65 
,474 01 
,565 83 
,595 53 
,571 50 



656 32 

718 61 



Total expenditures $78,374 84 



NUMBER OF ARRESTS MADE BY MONTHS. 



For March, 1891. 
" April " 
" May ' ' 

* ' June ' ' 

" July 
" Aug. 



176 

180 


For Sept., 
" Oct. 


1891 


249 


' ' Nov. 


" 


259 


' ' Dec. 


" 


242 


" Jan. 


1892 


291 


" Feb. 


" 



. 261 

. 206 
. 189 
. 252 
. 191 

. 180 

2,676 



CHAPTER XIX. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



Police Officials, Their Records and Services — The Executive Heads of 
the Department— They. Are Men of Integrity and Experience, 
Who Have the Interest of the Public Welfare at Heart. 

lflTAYOR Thomas Beveridge was born in Oneida county, 
^ New York, in 1840, where he received his early edu- 

cation. At the age of eighteen he left home and all his 
boyhood associates to try his fortune in the west. This was 
in 1858, and after knocking about the country for two years 
working on the farms of Michigan and other states, then 
mostly inhabited by Indians, he concluded there was no 
place like home and returned to New York state, where his 
folks were then living. When the war broke out in 1861 
he enlisted in Company F, Twenty-sixth New York Volun- 
teers. During the war he saw considerable active service,, 
was wounded at the second battle of Bull Run, and was 
discharged shortly afterward, having won many laurels as a 
brave and valiant sergeant in the company in which he 
served. He was an able-bodied young man, noted among 
his companions for bravery and self-possession. At the 
close of the war he made his home in Brooklyn for a while,, 
where he cast his first vote for President Lincoln, who was 
then running for a second term. The mayor, in speaking 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 130 

of the incident, says he will never forget standing in line 
for two hours while waiting his turn to cast a ballot for 
" Old Abe." This incident, coupled with the fact that it 
was on the 15th day of April, 1865, the day after Lincoln 
was assassinated, when Mr. Beveridge came to Paterson, 
fixes Lincoln and his eventful life indelibly in his memory. 

His father, the late Thomas Beveridge, came to this city 
in 1863 and engaged extensively in the lumber business. 
The mayor joined his parents here a few years afterward 
and found employment with his father, whom he assisted 
for nine years. The elder Beveridge did a business of 
$250,000 a year. In the spring of '76 Thomas left his 
father, to embark in the coal business on his own responsi- 
bility. He located in Barclay street, where he has remained 
ever since, and now does a business of $50,000 yearly. As 
a business man he has made life a success. The strong 
Scotch nature, perseverance and endurance which he inher- 
ited from his father's side, has never deserted him in the 
most trying times. He is a man of remarkable vitality and 
constitutional vigor, and finds mental and manual labor alike 
easy. Being of a strong social nature, he seeks for com- 
panions among those who are generally considered foremost 
in business and political life. He is a self-made man in the 
full sense of the word, and so well balanced mentally that 
he can readily conform to any position, whether in business 
or politics. As a speaker he is slow and deliberate, a man 
of few words, never putting two where one will do, as his 
acceptance of the mayoralty nomination will show : 

" Gentlemen of the convention, I feel highly honored by 



14:0 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

your nomination, coming as it does, unsolicited. If elected 
I shall endeavor to perform the duties of the office to the 
best of my ability and the satisfaction of the people." 

Commissioner Frank Van Cleve was born in the city 
of New York on January 24, 1853, and obtained his educa- 
tion in the public schools of the metropolis and the Free 
Academy, at present the Free College of the City of New 
York, graduated with honor at the latter institution. In 
1869 he removed with his parents to Corona, a village near 
Hackensack, in Bergen county, N. J. Here he was ticket 
agent for the New York and New Jersey Railroad Com- 
pany, and made himself useful on his father's farm. In 
June, 1875, he removed to Paterson where he entered the 
law office of Mr. John C. Paulison, he was admitted to the 
practice of the law in 1879, and Mr. Paulison dying shortly 
afterwards Mr. Van Cleve succeeded to his practice which 
he has since considerably increased. In April, 1886, lie was 
appointed judge of the district court by Governor Green 
and served until January of the year following when a leg- 
islature differing from him in politics declined to re-appoint 
him. There are a number of sterling qualifications which 
have made Mr. Van Cleve one of the most popular men in 
the city. He is possessed of a genial good humor which is 
unruffled under the most adverse circumstances and this 
combined with his ready Avit not only enlivens his conversa- 
tion but also assists him materially in the exercise of his 
profession. He is gifted with legal acumen and a persua- 
sive style of pleading which win him many cases and clients, 
and all who have ever had any dealings with him, know 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 141 

that he can be depended upon under all circumstances. lit; 
was appointed police justice by Governor Abbott in 1892, 
for a term of five years and is now holding the position. 

Commissioner John Macdonald was born at Philadel- 
phia, Pa., April 16th, 1848 : a resident of Paterson from 
1854 until 1858 and from 1865 until the present time. 
When sixteen years old he enlisted for one hundred days in 
the 84th Regiment, K G. S. K Y., Colonel Conklin, 
After his discharge he re-enlisted for three years, or during 
the war, in 95th Kegiment, N". Y. V. V. and was honorably 
discharged at the close of the war, having seen active ser- 
vice in front of Petersburgh, and taking part in the closing 
services that led up to the surrender of Lee's army, at Ap- 
pomattox court house. In 1870 he joined Protective En- 
gine Co., No. 5, of the Volunteer Fire Department of this 
city and was chosen secretary, assistant foreman and fore- 
man of the company. In 1879 his company placed him in 
nomination before the Fire Department for the office of 
chief engineer, but he was defeated, the successful candi- 
date at that time was B. Piley. 

In 1883 his company, still true to him, once more made 
him their choice and the department ratified the choice by 
electing him without opposition. In 1888 he was elected 
alderman of the Third ward on the Kepublican ticket. In 
1890 he was re-elected, the Democrats of the ward refusing 
to run a ticket against him. In 1890 at the organization of 
the board of aldermen he was elected president. In 1892, 
appointed police commissioner for one year; has been em- 
ployed with Andrew, McLean & Co. during the past 25 



142 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

years, and is now foreman in their weaving department at 
Passaic, N. J. 

Chief of Police Frederick G. Graul was born in Ger- 
many on Sept. 1st, 1840. His parents emigrated to this 
country when he was about nine years old, and settled in 
this city. He attended the public schools for several terms, 
and then was put to work in the mill. He worked at va- 
rious occupations until the Civil war broke out when he en- 
listed on Sept. 17, 1861, in Company G, 7th Regiment, N". 
J. V., for three years. He participated in the siege of 
Yorktown, battle of Williamsburgh, Fair Oaks, Seven 
Pines, seven days' fight before Richmond, Bristo Station, 
second Bull Run, Fredericksburgh and Chancellorsville, Va. 
He was wounded at the last mentioned battle in the elbow 
of his right arm by a rifle ball. He participated in many 
small skirmishes which took place, and was taken prisoner 
in 1>he seven days' fight before Richmond with four of his 
comrades. He was a prisoner for about six weeks, spending 
two weeks in tobacco warehouse No. three on Main street, 
Richmond, and the remaining four weeks on Belle Island, 
in the James River. At the end of that time he was ex- 
changed and rejoined his regiment at Harrison's Landing, 
on James river. He was discharged Oct. 7th, 1864, at 
Trenton, K J. He was appointed on the police force of 
this city July 16th, 1866, being one of ten men who were 
then appointed in organizing the first police force of this 
city. The ten men so appointed entered upon active duty 
Aug. 1st, 1866. He attended strictly to the business of that 
office, for which he was rewarded by promotion from time 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 143 

to time. His first promotion was given him by the city 
marshal, who was then chief of police, who made him tem- 
porary roundsman on Feb. 19th, 1867. He was made per- 
manent roundsman on May 20th, 1867 by the board of al- 
dermen. He was promoted to sergeant Sept. 12th, 1870; 
promoted to captain April 7th, 1873, and was nominated for 
chief of police by Mayor Benjamin Buckley, on April 3d, 
1876, and received the unanimous vote of the board of al- 
dermen for that appointment. 

He has made many important arrests at various times. 
His first experience with criminals commenced on the night 
of Aug. 3d, 1866. It was the third night of active duty as 
a police officer. He had been detailed, with another officer 
named Henry Jones, to patrol that part of the city lying 
east from Carroll street, which was a suburban part of the 
city at that time, and which was known as the burglarized 
district on account of there having been numerous burglaries 
committed there previous to that time. Their instructions 
were to watch all the better class houses in that vicinity and 
endeavor to capture the thieves who were operating. They 
spent the greater part of their time near the corner of East 
Eighteenth street and Broadway. Jones had provided him- 
self with a revolver, handcuffs and club ; Graul had no 
revolver or handcuffs, but simply carried a small.billet of 
wood. About midnight, on the third night of their watch, 
they discovered two men prowling around the house of A. 
B. Grant, situated on the south-east corner of East Eigh- 
teenth street and Broadway. Their actions indicated that 
they were burglars, intent on burlarizing that house. Graul 



144 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

and Jones tried to conceal themselves behind a rail fence on 
the opposite side of the street. The burglars, however, 
discovered the officers and endeavored to make their escape. 
One of them, the smaller man of the two, ran down Broad- 
way toward the city, while the other, a very large and 
powerfully built man, remained standing in the middle of 
the road. Graul gave chase after the man down Broadway 
and after a short run captured him, placed him under arrest, 
and took him back to where Jones and the large man were 
standing. When he got within about one hundred feet of 
them, Jones left his man standing in the road and came and 
met Graul and his man. Jones took out his handcuffs and 
placed them on Graul' s prisoner. Just then Jones' man 
started on a run out Broadway toward the country. Graul 
drew Jones' attention to it by saying : "Jones, there goes 
your man." Jones replied, "go and catch him." Sooner 
than let the man get away Graul again gave chase and ran 
the man down. The fellow, when he saw that Graul was 
close behind him, dropped on his hands and knees, thinking 
no doubt that the officer would fall over him. He was dis- 
appointed in this, however, as Graul had taken the precau- 
tion not to run right behind him, but a little to one side, 
and consequently when the man dropped Graul ran a few 
paces past him and turned to arrest him. ' The fellow was 
prepared for desperate work, and when he saw he had his 
match before him he opened tire from a large-sized Smith 
& Wesson revolver. Graul being unarmed had to resort to 
main force to subdue and capture the man. He therefore 
sprang at him and grappled to gain possession of the 




Michael Keeff, Second Sergeant 
John McBride, Fourth Sergeant. 



Henry Barclay, First Sergeant. 



IlKHiKAPHICAL SKETCHES. 145 

burglars' weapon. During the struggle that ensued the 
weapon was discharged again. (Irani then f ought for the 
hand the burglar had the revolver in, and succeeded in get- 
ting hold of the weapon. The burglar fought with desper- 
ation, but when Graul had hold of the weapon he began 
using his stick on the burglar's head. The burglar cried 
"murder" and broke away and ran into the bushes, which 
were thick on both sides of the road. Graul ordered him 
to stop, and on his failing to do so the officer fired two shots 
at him, one of which took effect in the muscle of his right 
arm. Graul followed him into the bushes but could not 
find him. Jones, in the meantime, stood in the place where 
Graul left him, and made no effort to come and assist. He 
knew Graul had no revolver ; he heard all that was going 
on ; he heard the shots fired and knew it could not be his 
brother officer who was doing the firing, yet he was too 
cowardly to come near. This burglar made his escape that 
night but was arrested two days later at his house on Second 
avenue, in New York city, through information obtained 
from his partner. About thirty-six bills of indictment for 
burglary were found in this and Bergen county. They 
were tried and convicted on a number of those indictments, 
and were sentenced to twenty-seven years in state prison at 
Trenton. The names of this pair of thieves were Peter 
Reinhardt and Gustave Dorflinger. Bernhardt was a small- 
sized man and very cunning. Dorflinger was a very pow- 
erfully built man, and very desperate. He was a native of 
Switzerland and was about thirty-four years of age. His 
face, arms and body were covered with large scars. He 



146 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

escaped from the Trenton state prison in 1873, with tive 
other convicts, and was recaptured a few days after the 
escape in Baltimore, Md., after having committed a burg- 
lary there. He was returned to Trenton prison and 
remained until the winter of 1885. He was then pardoned 
by the Court of Pardons, through the appeals made to the 
court by his relatives. He immediately went to Philadel- 
phia and joined a gang of thieves known as the Fern wood 
gang. He was arrested, with other members of the gang, 
by Captain Quirk, Lieut. Beal, Detective Bond and Don- 
oughy, of the Philadelphia Police Department, on March 
15th, 1886, and gave them his name as Christopher Copaz. 
The gang was taken to Media, Delaware Co., Pa., where 
they had been operating. He was convicted of burglary 
and, on June 11th, 1886, received sentence of ten years in 
the Eastern penitentiary of Pennsylvania. Among those 
who escaped with Dorflinger from the Trenton prison in 
1873 was one Charles Gray, alias Champagne Charlie, a 
five-year convict sent from this city. Chief Graul found 
him in Middletown, X. Y., and returned him to Trenton 
prison. Among the many arrests made by Chief Graul is 
one which he frequently refers to as being one in which he 
took desperate chances to prevent his prisoner from escape- 
ing. This was a case where a notorious thief named 
Charles Conklin had robbed his employer of three hundred 
dollars and fled. The case was placed in Chief Graul's 
charge to look after, he being captain of police at that time. 
He could get no clue as to where Conklin had gone ; he 
knew, however, that Conklin was well acquainted in some 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 147 

of the small North River towns. He consequently started 
out to make search for him in that direction. On Feb. 
18th, 1875, his first place to make search was Haverstraw, 
N. Y. lie immediately upon his arrival there learned that 
Conklin was stopping at an hotel there, but had gone out 
sleigh riding with a friend and two girls, but he could not 
ascertain what direction they had gone in. He obtained the 
services of a constable of Haverstraw, and he recommended 
that they hire a team and go hunting the country hotels for 
them. This plan was adopted and the man w T ho furnished 
and drove the team guaranteed that he would find Conklin 
or he would make no charge. They drove many miles and 
visited many country hotels until at midnight they drove 
under the shed of Knapp's hotel at Clarksville and there found 
the team that Conklin had hired. Graul went into the bar 
room of the hotel and arrested him. Conklin laughed and 
said, "I am in JSTew York State and you have no business 
here." Graul replied, he would not be in that state long, 
and proceeded to take Conklin outside and place him in the 
sleigh. Conklin asked to be allowed to get his things 
which were in the upper part of the house. He went up 
with Conklin and the women of the house and the crowd 
in the bar room followed. As soon as Conklin got into the 
room, he refused to go and began to show fight. The pro- 
prietors of the hotel urged the crowd not to allow Conklin 
to be taken, and some move was made by the crowd to 
force themselves into the room. Graul, seeing that he had 
to resort to desperate means, pulled his revolver and cleared 
the room, and handcuffed Conklin. He placed him in the 



148 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

sleigh and took him to the house of the constable at Haver- 
straw, and waited to take the first train in the morning. 
Conklin first refused to come out of New York state 
without a requisition, but finally consented to ''come pro- 
vided Graul did not handcuff him. This was agreed to, 
and Graul left Haverstraw with his prisoner on the first 
train on the New York and New Jersey railroad. When 
they had gone for some distance, Conklin became sick and 
wanted to go to the closet. Chief Graul went with him 
and remained at the door with it partly open. Conklin was 
inside watching his chance to close the door entirely. He 
succeeded in doing this eventually, the catch being on the 
inside. Graul could not open it. Conklin opened the 
window and dropped on the frozen snow. He rolled over 
several times and came near getting under the wheels. 
Graul stepped out on the platform of the cars just in time 
to see Conklin pick himself up and start off on a run. The 
train was running at the rate of about twenty miles an hour 
occording to Conductor Ball's judgment. When the officer 
saw Conklin pick himself up and run, he swung his body 
off from both hand rails and jumped, and slid on the snow 
for some distance. He threw off his heavy overcoat and 
went in pursuit of Conklin over the frozen snow. He 
caught him again after a chase of about five hundred yards. 
The train had gone on and Graul had to walk his prisoner 
to the next station, which was Hillsdale. He arrived home 
with his prisoner all right, and in due time sent him to 
Trenton for three years. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 149 

Chief Gran] lias always showed great activity as a police 
officer. He has brought fugitives from many places outside 
of this state, namely, Pittsburg, Philadelphia, Reading and 
Allentown, Pa., Holyoke and Springfield, Mass., Port Jer- 
vis, Middletown, Goshen, Brooklyn, Yonkers and New 
York city. He entered the service at the age of twenty-six 
and is now in his fifty-third year. 

Thomas C. Simonton, Jr. was born in the city of New 
York, but before he was a year old his parents removed to 
Patersdn, and he has resided here ever since. In 1874 he 
entered the office of Hon. G. A. Hobart as a law student, 
and in June of 1877, he was admitted to the bar of Xew 
Jersey as an attorney ; in June, 1880, after the expiration of 
the necessary three years of additional study, he was ad- 
mitted as a counsellor at law of the state. Mr. Simonton is 
also an attorney and counsellor at law of the state of New 
York, and at times practices law there. In 1887 he was ap- 
pointed city counsel of Paterson for one year, and in 1888 
was re-appointed to the same office for a period of five 
years. He is an active member of the Republican party. 
Mr. Simonton has a fine law practice and that combined 
with his office as city counsel, makes him an extremely busy 
man. 

State Senator John Hinchliffe has effected much for 
the Police and Fire departments in the way of important 
and needful legislative enactments, looking towards the im- 
provement of these organizations. He is the steady friend 
of these and all other public interests in Paterson, which 
come under his official cognizance. 



150 BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

Senator Hinchliffe was born in New York city, May 
19th, 1850, and has resided in Paterson since he was one 
year old. He is president of the Hinchliffe Brewing and 
Malting company of Paterson. He was educated in the 
public schools. He was a member of the board of educa- 
tion of Paterson from 1875 to 18^7, and a commissioner 
of taxes and assessments for two terms, from 1877 to 1881, 
and was president of the board during his last term. 

James C. Siglek was born Sept. 1st, 1848, in the city 
of New York, but became a resident of Paterson three 
months later where he has always resided at the one place, 
21 Washington street, in the Third ward. He has always 
been identified with the political fortunes of the Demo- 
cratic party. He was a member of the first county board 
of registration and was reappointed for the second term. 
He \p at present business manager of the Paterson Daily 
Guardian, the oldest paper in Passaic county and the only 
Democratic daily paper in the city. He has been employed 
on this paper, on and off, for 33 years, filling every position 
from newsboy to his present responsible position. He was 
appointed a member of the police commission at the forma- 
tion of the board in March, 1892. 

Police Commissioner William Ryan was born in Pat- 
erson, N. J., fifty years ago. When a boy he received an 
ordinary school education and afterward learned the trade 
of carriage painter. He worked in the locomotive works 
for a time, painting the cabs and tenders of locomotives. 
He afterward engaged in the carriage-painting business for 
himself and established a large, remunerative business by 



CHAPTER XX. 

GENERAL KULES, POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

How the Force is Governed and Disciplined — Their Duties Defined — 
A Formidable Machine That is Controlled with the Simplicity and 
Regularity of Clock-work. 

^\NE. Each and every member of the police force shall 
devote his whole time and attention to the duties of 
his office, and is expressly prohibited from following any 
other calling, or being employed in any other business. 
Although certain hours may be allotted to the respective 
members for the performance of duty on ordinary occa- 
sions, yet at all times they must be prepared to act imme- 
diately on notice that their services are required. 

2. Punctual attendance, prompt obedience to orders, 
and conformity to the rules of the department, w r ill be 
rigidly enforced. 

3. Each and every member in his conduct and deport- 
ment must be quiet, civil and orderly ; in the performance 
of his duty, he must maintain decorum and attention, com- 
mand of temper, patience and discretion ; he must at all 
times refrain from harsh, violent, coarse, profane, or inso- 
lent language, yet at the same time, when required, act 
with firmness and sufficient energy to perform his duty. 

4. No member of the department shall, in the station- 
house or elsewdiere while on duty, drink any kind of liquor, 



152 GENEBAL RULES. 

or smoke, or (except in the immediate performance of his 
duty) enter any place in which any kind of intooaicating 
drmk may be sold or furnished. No liquor, or any intoxi- 
cating drink, shall, upon any pretext, be introduced into the 
station-house, except as advised by a physician ; nor shall 
smoking by any member of the force be allowed at any 
time in the station-house. 

5. No member of the police force shall receive or 
share in, for his own benefit, any present, fee, gift or emol- 
ument for police service other than the regular salary, 
except by consent of the police committee ; nor shall any 
such member receive or share in any fee, gift or reward 
from any person who may become bail for the appearance 
of any arrested, accused or convicted person, or who may 
become surety for any such person on appeal from the 
judgment or decision of any court or magistrate, or any fee, 
gift or reward in any case, from any attorney-at-law who 
may prosecute or defend any person arrested or prosecuted 
for any offense within the county of Passaic ; but policemen 
may receive to their own use their ordinary fees as wit- 
nesses, when entitled thereto, on subpoenas, except in the 
recorder's court. 

6. No member of the department will be permitted to 
apply for a warrant in any court, or make a complaint for 
damages, or adjust the same, unless he shall have received 
permission from the chief of police. 

7. No member shall compound any offence against the 
law, or withdraw any complaint. 




Adam Hargreaves, 5th Sergeant. 
Jas. Hewitt, 3d Sergeant. 



John Riker, 7th Sergeant. 
Mathew McGirr, 6th Sergeant. 



GENERAL RULES. L53 

8. No member shall communicate to any person any 
information which may enable persons to escape from ar- 
rest or punishment, or to dispose of or secrete any goods or 
other valuable things stolen or embezzled. 

9. No member shall communicate, except to such per- 
sons as directed by his superior in office, any information 
respecting orders he may have received, or any regulation 
that may be made for the government of the department. 

10. Each member shall at all times have with him a 
small book in which he shall enter the names of persons 
taken in charge by him, and such particulars in each case as 
may be important in the trial thereof. 

11. The chief of police and captain, sergeants and pa- 
trolmen when on duty shall wear the shield on the outside 
of the outermost garment, over the left breast. 

12. Policemen shall at all times, and on all occasions 
when on duty, conspicuously display their shields so that 
the entire surface of the same may be easily and distinctly 
seen. 

13. Any persons who shall be arrested shall be taken 
immediately before the recorder, or to the station-house; 
and the officer making the arrest shall report to the officer 
in charge the name of the party arrested, and the cause and 
time of the arrest. 

14. The night policemen, when off duty, in case of 
fire shall immediately repair to such fire, and report to the 
chief of police, or in his absence, to the senior officer pres- 
ent ; and on occasions of fires, riots, or emergencies when 
the reserve force has been on active duty, the officer in 



154 GENERAL RULES. 

charge, immediately on their return to the station-house, 
shall call the roll, to ascertain who, if any, have been absent. 

15. Members of the police force must be civil and re- 
spectful to each other on all occasions. Courtesy in the in- 
tercourse between officers and members of the force pro- 
motes discipline, and tends to produce mutual respect. A 
patrolman on meeting or passing a superior officer shall sa- 
lute him in the manner prescribed for "Officer's Salute" in 
Upton's Military Tactics. It is the duty of the subordinate 
to offer ji/rst the prescribed salutation, and of the superior 
to return it. Men in the ranks will not salute unless or- 
dered to do so by the officer in command. Members of the 
force on duty in citizen's dress are not required to salute. 

16. They must not render any assistance in civil cases, 
except to prevent an immediate breach of the peace, or to 
quell disturbance actually commenced. 

17s Every member of the force will be furnished with 
a copy of the rules and regulations, which they will keep in 
their possession, in order to become perfectly familiar with 
their respective duties. 

18. All members of the force who find horses or cattle 
astray, must report the same to the officer in charge at the 
station-house, who will cause the same to be taken to the 
public pound. 

19. Members of the department when suspended, or 
on resigning, will immediately surrender their book of 
rules and regulations, their shield, wreath and other insignia 
of office in their possession, to the chief of police. 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

which he accumulated considerable property. He always 
took an active part in politics, being a staunch Democrat 
and a liberal contributor. He was elected five times for 
two-year terms to represent the Seventh ward in the board 
of aldermen. He was appointed a police commissioner in 
March, 1892, and was chosen the first president of the board 
of police commissioners. He has been an energetic worker 
in all positions of public trust, and always enjoyed the con- 
fidence of his constituents. 

John F. Lee was born at Carbondale in the state of 
Pennsylvania, in the year 1859. He came to Paterson 
with his parents when two years of age, and has resided 
here ever since. After receiving the usual public school 
education he entered the employ of Hamil & Booth and 
remained in their employ until he was twenty years of age. 
After leaving the silk business Mr. Lee entered the employ 
of the Prudential Life Insurance Co. He acted as agent 
for the company for about seven years, when he was pro- 
moted to the position of assistant superintendent. He 
retained this position for two years, when he left the 
employ of the Prudential Co. to engage in the business of 
real estate and insurance agent, in which business he has 
been engaged continuously ever since. Mr. Lee has been 
successful in the real estate and insurance business. He has 
always been a staunch Democrat, and in the year 1889 he 
was elected on the Democratic ticket as a justice of the 
peace to represent the seventh ward. Mr. Lee has always 
been identified with the C. Y. M. L. A. the most successful 
Catholic association in the city of Paterson, and for the past 



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 



two years lias been its president. Mr. Lee was appointed 
clerk of the police court and also clerk of the board of 
police commissioners in March, 1892. 



QENERAX BULBS. 155 

20. No member of the department shall leave the city 
or be absent from duty, without permission from the chief 
of police. 

21. Unless in cases of sickness contracted while on the 
police force and so certified by the city physician, absence 
from duty of any member thereof, without due leave, shall 
be considered cause for removal or forfeiture of pay for the 
time absent, as the board of aldermen in the first case, or 
the committee on police in the second case, may determine. 

22. In case of the sickness of any member of the po- 
lice force, and his inability thereby to be on duty, lie shall 
at the earliest possible moment notify the chief of police 
thereof, procure a certificate from a reputable physician of 
the city of Paterson, or deliver to the chief of police a 
sworn statement of his illness. 

23. Every member when entering on duty must be 
neat in his person, with his clothes and boots clean, and his 
dress in conformity with the regulations. 

24. No policeman shall connect himself with any so- 
ciety, club, committee, or organization of any kind, the ob- 
ject of which is the political advancement of any political 
party, clique or individual, or be a member of any fire or 
military corps. 

25. No member of the department will be allowed to 
receive any complimentary subscription or gift, whether 
tendered by citizens or any member of the police force. 

26. No member of the department shall be permitted 
to solicit or make any contributions in money or other thing, 



156 GENERAL RULES. 

on any pretext, to any person, committee or association, for 
any political purpose whatever. 

27. Chief of police. — The chief of police shall keep 
an account of all property, money or valuables stolen and 
that may come to his possession, in whose possession the 
same is found, and when reclaimed shall take a receipt 
under said account of all such property reclaimed, and if 
the same is not reclaimed in three months, shall turn the 
same over to the mayor, to be by him disposed of as the 
board of aldermen may direct. 

28. The chief of police shall, at the first regular meet- 
ing in every month, report to the board of aldermen the 
number of arrests made during the month previous thereto, 
Ijv whom such arrests were made, the nature of the offence, 
and any other matter pertaining to his office, which he may 
deem proper to report upon. He shall also render a full 
report.' in writing, of the duties of his office for the pre- 
ceding year, at each annual meeting of the board of 
aldermen. 

29. The chief of police shall keep a book, wherein 
shall be entered the name and residence of each policeman ; 
also a roll showing the time of night each policeman shall 
go on duty, the beat on which he is stationed, and his hours 
of actual duty; and shall note the absentees -at each roll-call. 

30. The chief of police shall keep in his office a book 
in which shall be entered the name of every person com- 
plained of for violation of the city ordinances, the nature 
of the complaint, and the name and residence of the com- 
plainant in each case, and shall make a report thereof to the 



GBNBBAL RULES. I 5 i 

committee on police as often as they shall require, and to 
the board of aldermen once a month. 

31. The chief of police shall designate the day and 
night posts in each ward, and the policemen who are to pa- 
trol the same. 

32. It shall be the duty of the chief to repair in person 
to all serious or extensive fires, to all riots or tumultuous 
assemblages within the city, and take command of the po- 
lice present ; to save and protect property, and to arrest 
such persons as he may find disturbing the peace, or in- 
citing so to do. 

33. It shall be his duty to communicate to the city 
physician the presence of any contagious or infectious dis- 
ease, or the existence of any nuisance in the city, which 
shall be detrimental to public health. 

34. It shall be the duty of the chief to see that the 
laws of the state and the ordinances of the city are duly en- 
forced throughout the city, and it shall also be his duty to 
instruct each member of the police force as to his duty 
under the rules of the police department, the ordinances of 
the city and the laws of the state ; and to see that each 
member becomes familiar with said rules and ordinances, 
and to report any delinquency in that respect to t 1 " 3 mayor 
or the committee on police. 

35. He shall keep a book in which shal 1 "l e recorded all 
orders promulgated by him; he ;w°U post a copy of each 
general order issued by himself on a bulletin in the assem- 
bly room ; and he shall cause copies of the same to be fur- 



158 GENERAL RULES. 

nished to the committee on police from time to time as often 
as they shall require. 

36. He shall promptly report to the mayor each and 
every case of dereliction of duty of any member of the de- 
partment, which may in any way come to his knowledge, 
and also all complaints made to, him against any member 
thereof. 

37. All members of the police force shall be considered 
to be always on duty, and shall appear in full uniform, 
except when the mayor or commmittee on police shall deem 
it proper to allow them to appear in citizen's dress. 

38. Captain of Police. — During the illness or absence 
of the chief of police, the captain of police shall execute 
and discharge the duties of the office of chief of police, and 
at all other times shall perform such duties as may be 
prescribed. 

39i He shall promptly report in writing to the chief of 
police every case of dereliction of duty of any member of 
the department, which report shall contain the name of the 
person reported, and the nature of the offense or charge 
against him. 

-K>. Sergeants. — Each and every sergeant shall, if pos- 
sible, ^p, each patrolman on his beat within his district, 
without ca* |ng ; but should he not be able to find one, the 
call will be given in thcvienter and on each extremity of the 
beat, and if unable then to find the man he is in search of, 
he will extend his search to the adjoining beats, until the 
beat of the man absent is fully re-covered. He will report 



GENERAL RULES. 159 

to the chief of police the name of the man and the cause of 
absence, if ascertained. 

41. The sergeants must report to the officer in charge 
at the station house every morning, before seven o'clock, 
the time and place where they saw and conversed with the 
patrolmen in their respective districts during the several 
hours of patrol duty performed by them, and in what man- 
ner they were occupied when so visited. 

42. The sergeants' reports on the location of patrolmen 
shall cover intervals of not more than two hours' time, 
unless for satisfactory reasons ; and the sergeants shall make 
oath before the recorder, on the first clay of each month, to 
the correctness of their reports made daily during the pre- 
ceding month. 

43. The sergeants shall carefully note every case of 
misconduct or neglect of duty of the patrolmen belonging 
to their respective districts, and report the same to the 
chief of police. 

44. Patrolmen. — The prevention of crime being the 
most important object in view, the patrolmen's exertions 
must be constantly made to accomplish that end. They 
must examine, and make themselves perfectly acquainted 
with, every part of their respective beats, and vigilantly 
watch every description of persons passing their respective 
ways. They must, to the utmost of their power, prevent 
the commission of assaults, breaches of the peace, and all 
other crimes about to be committed. 

45. They must, by their vigilance, render it extremely 
difficult for anyone to commit crime in their respective 



160 GENERAL RULES. 

beats. The absence of crime will be considered tlie best 
proof of the efficiency of the police, and when on any beat 
offences frequently occur, there will be good reason to sup- 
pose that there is negligence or want of ability on the part 
of the person in charge of such beat. 

46. They shall carefully inspect every part of their 
respective beats, but the regularity of inspection hereby 
enjoined shall not prevent any of them from remaining at 
any particular place, if their presence be required ; and if 
they so remain, they must satisfy their superior officer that 
there was sufficient cause for their so doing. 

47. They must at all times be able to furnish particular 
information respecting the state of their respective beats. 

48. They shall frequently, during the tour of patrol 
duty, carefully examine, in the night time, all doors and 
low windows of dwelling houses and stores in their respec- 
tive 1 teats, to see that they are properly secured ; also areas 
and area gates of the several houses within such beats. 

49. They must, if possible, fix in their minds such 
impressions as will enable them to recognize suspicious per- 
sons whom they frequently meet in the streets at night, and 
endeavor to ascertain their names and residences, and 
communicate to their commanding officer all information 
concerning them. 

50. They shall strictly watch the conduct of all persons 
of known bad character, and do so in such manner that it 
will be evident to such parties that they are watched and 
that certain detection must follow the attempt to commit 
crime. They shall note the time in writing of the appear- 




John Hinchlikpe, 

SENATOR. 



GENERAL RULES. 101 

ance of any person of known bad character on their 
respective beats, the attending circumstances, and the prem- 
ises that sucli persons may enter, and report to the com- 
manding officer. 

51. They shall report to the chief of police all gamblers, 
receivers of stolen property, or their suspicions that certain 
persons are such. 

52. When any person charges another with the com- 
mission of a crime, and insists that the person charged shall 
be taken into custody, the policeman shall require the 
accuser, if unknown to him, to accompany him as a witness, 
along with the accused, to the police station, and shall then 
with as little delay as possible return to his beat and inspect 
the same with great care, to see that no depredations have 
been committed during his absence. 

53. They shall carefully watch all disorderly houses, or 
houses of ill fame, or houses which disorderly persons fre- 
quent, within their respective beats, observe by whom they 
are frequented and report their observations to their 
commanding officer. 

54. They shall pay particular attention to all ale 
houses, hotels, saloons or restaurants, which close at unusu- 
ally late hours, and are kept open between twelve o'clock on 
Saturday night and twelve o'clock on Sunday night, and 
report the same to the chief of police. 

55. They shall take particular notice of all hacks, cabs 
or other vehicles at night which under any circumstances 
excite their suspicions. 



162 GENERAL RULES. 

56. Neither of them shall leave his beat until regularly 
relieved, unless it be for the purpose of taking a prisoner to 
the station house, or to answer a call for assistance by a 
police officer, or to make an arrest in view on the confines 
of his beat, or to follow an offender to an adjoining beat for 
the purpose of making an arrest. 

57. They shall examine carefully all street lamps on 
their respective beats, and report to their commanding offi- 
cer all that may not be lighted at the proper time, are not 
properly cleaned, or are in any way out of order. 

58. If any of them shall observe in the street anything 
likely to produce danger or public inconvenience, or any- 
thing which seems irregular or offensive, they shall report 
the same immediately on their return to the station house. 

59. Each and every one of them shall give his name 
and number to all persons who may require the same. 

,60. They must not use the baton except in the most 
urgent cases of self-defense. 

61. Policemen must not walk together, or talk with 
each other, or with any other person when they meet on the 
confines or any other part of their beats, unless it be to com- 
municate information appertaining to the department, and 
such communication shall be as brief as possible. 

62. They must constantly patrol their respective beats 
while on duty, unless otherwise directed by the rules and 
regulations of their commanding officer. 

63. It will be deemed a neglect of duty on the part of 
a policeman carelessly to lose his shield, emblem, or other 
insignia of office, or neglect to fasten the same securely to 



GENERAL RULES. 163 

his person, or when lost not to report the same immediately 
thereafter to the officer in command at the station house. 

64. Umbrellas or walking canes are not to be used by 
policemen while on duty. 

65. Each policeman holds his office during good 
behavior only. It is therefore especially enjoined upon 
members of the department carefully to study and thor- 
oughly understand the police rules, and to acquire a suffi- 
cient knowledge of the laws and ordinances of the city to 
enable them to discharge their respective duties. 

6Q. Uniforms. — The full dress of the members of the 
police force shall be of navy blue cloth, indigo dyed and all 
wool, of the standard make and quality used by the New 
York city police force. 

67. The style of the dress shall be as follows : For the 
officers : — A double-breasted frock coat ; waist to extend to 
the top of the hips ; skirt within one inch of the bend of 
the knee ; two rows of buttons on the breast, eight in each 
row, placed equal distances from each other ; distance 
between each row, five and a half inches a.t the top, three 
and a half inches at the bottom ; rolling collar ; cuffs three 
and a half inches deep, three small buttons on the under 
seam ; two buttons on the hips, one button on the bottom of 
each skirt pocket welt, two buttons intermediate, so that 
there shall be six buttons on the back ; lining of the coat 
black ; pantaloons plain ; vest single-breasted, with nine 
buttons placed at equal distances from each other. 

68. For the patrolmen : — Single-breasted frock coat ;. 
rolling collar ; waist to extend to the top of the hip, skirt to 



164 GENERAL RULES. 

within one inch of the bend of the knee ; nine buttons on 
the breast ; two buttons on the hips ; two buttons on the 
bottom of each pocket, and three small buttons on the under 
seam of the cuffs ; pantaloons to have white welt on the outer 
seam ; vest single-breasted, with nine buttons placed at 
equal distances from each other. 

69. The summer dress shall consist of navy blue flannel 
sack coat, and navy blue flannel pantaloons, indigo dyed and 
all wool, of the standard make and quality known as the 
Middlesex flannel. The style for the officers shall be 
double-breasted coat, buttoned close up to the chin ; short 
rolling collar ; two rows of buttons of five each on the 
front ; coat to reach half way between the hip and knee ; 
pantaloons to be without welt in the seam. The style of 
this dress for the patrolmen shall be single-breasted sack, 
buttoned close up to the chin, to reach half way between 
the hip and knee ; four buttons on the front ; no pockets to 
show on the outside ; pantaloons to be same as in winter. 

70. The overcoat shall be of blue cloth, indigo-dyed, 
double-breasted, rolling collar, waist to extend to one inch 
below the hip, skirt to three inches below the bend of the 
knees ; swell edge, stitched one-fourth of an inch from the 
edge. The chief of police and the captain will have nine 
police buttons on each breast, six on .back and skirt, and 
three on the cuffs. Patrolmen will have nine police but- 
tons on each breast, four on the back and skirt, and two on 
the cuffs. All buttons on the breast of double-breasted 
coats shall be placed in two rows, at a distance between 
rows of seven inches at top and three and a half inches at 



GENERAL RULES. 165 

bottom, measured from centers, and in such manner as to 
form, when the coat is buttoned, direct lines from top to 
bottom. The material of the overcoat shall be of the 
standard quality and make used by the New York city 
police force. 

71. The hats, caps, badges, buttons, batons, clubs, etc., 
shall be such as the committee on police may adopt, samples 
of which shall be deposited in the office of the chief of 
police. 

72. All officers when on active duty shall wear stand- 
ing collars of sufficient depth to show one-fourth of an inch 
above the coat collar, and black neck dressings. The day 
patrol shall wear white gloves while on their posts. Coats 
shall be worn buttoned at all times during active out door 
duty, and the club or baton shall be habitually carried in 
the hand. 

73. Station House Regulations. No person shall be 
allowed to remain in the station house without express per- 
mission from the officer in charge, except members of the 
department and persons on business. 

74. The officer in command at the police station house 
shall enter in a book to be there kept for the purpose, the 
name at full length of every person detained therein, the 
time of his arrest, the offence with which he may be 
charged, the name and residence of the complainant, and 
the name of the officer or patrolman that arrested said 
person. 

75. He shall also enter in a book to be kept at the said 
station house an account of all property, money or other 



166 GENERAL RULES. 

valuable thing which may come into his possession, the 
name and residence of the owner, if known, in whose pos- 
session it was found, and by whom, and whether the same 
was stolen or otherwise. 

76. He shall transmit copies of the entries made pur- 
suant to the two preceding rules to the chief of police every 
morning at 9 o'clock, together with the time and cause of 
taking said person into custody, and the names and resi- 
dences of the witnesses. 

77. There shall be kept at the station house, for the 
use of the criminal authorities, under the direction of the 
chief of police : 

1st. A record of orders issued from his office. 

2d. A record of suspicious persons and places in the 
city of Paterson. 

3d. A record of reported crimes and misdemeanors com- 
mitted in the city of Paterson, for which no arrests have 
been made at the time they are reported. 

4th. A record of houses of prostitution, assignation 
houses, gambling houses, and disorderly or disreputable 
houses of every kind in the city of Paterson, with the 
names of the owners and keepers thereof. 

78. The members of the force shall assemble at the 
station house for drill, according to Upton's Manual of Mil- 
itary Tactics, in the "School of the Soldier" without arms, 
whenever so ordered by the chief of police or as often as 
in his judgment necessity requires. 



CONTENTS. 



CONTENTS. 



CHAPTER I. 

"THE LYONS OF AMERICA." 

What a Century Has Done for Paterson — Alexander Hamilton — The 
"Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures."— The First 
Cotton Mill— Business Development of the City— The Great Falls. 
Page 5 

CHAPTER II. 

SKETCH OF THE OLD FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

An Organization That Did Notable Service and Produced a Devoted 
Body of Men — Their Services Briefly Reviewed — Introduction of 
the Steam Engine — Some Big Fires 12 

CHAPTER III. 

CHIEFS AND ASSISTANT ENGINEERS. 

Past and Present Department Commanders — A Roster of "Well-known 
Names — Date of Appointment and Term of Service 23 

CHAPTER IY. 

ENGINE AND HOSE COMPANY SKETCHES. 

When Organized and Where Located— The Goose-neck and Piano-box 
Engines— The Amoskeag — The Silsby — Modern Apparatus— Hose 
and Hook and Ladder Companies 28 



170 CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER V. 

A CITY ORDINANCE, 1875. 

Providing for the Regulation, Management and Government of the 
Department — Elections, How Conducted — Officers and Elections — 
Duties and Responsibilities 36 

CHAPTER VI. 

DIGEST OF SOME ANNUAL REPORTS. 

Views of the Mayor and Chief Engineer — Looking toward a Paid Fire 
Department — Recommending the Purchase of a Steam Fire En- 
gine — The Last Hand Engine 39 

CHAPTER VII. 

DISAPPEARANCE OF THE HAND ENGINE. 

Employment of Horses for Moving of Engines — Improved Steam Ap- 
paratus — Membership of the Department — Fire and Alarms — 
Chief Stagg Complimented 44 

CHAPTER VIII. 

A PAID FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

The Volunteers Are Succeeded by the Present System — Radical 
Changes — Increased Expenditures — Efficiency of the Service 
Increased — Modern Methods and Scientific Appliances 50 

CHAPTER IX. 

PRESENT STATUS OF THE DEPARTMENT. 

Officers— Apparatus— Engine, Truck and Hose Companies— The Men 
and Their Work — How the Companies Are Manned and Officered 
— Valiant Fire Fighters 59 



CONTENTS. 171 

CHAPTER X. 

THE BENEVOLENT ASSOCIATION. 

Its Organization and Reorganization — Past and Present Officers- 
Its Beneficiary Features — Widows and Orphans — Rules and 
Regulations 65 

CHAPTER XL 

THE EXEMPT ASSOCIATION. 

The Plan of Organization— Permanent Officers— Fair at Washington 
Hall— Installed in Its New House— Present Affairs of the Associa- 
tion—A Burial Clause Inserted in the By-Laws 68 * 

CHAPTER XII. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

Some of the Officers of the Old and New Departments Who Have 
Made Fire History— Chief Stagg and His Staff— Exempt Veteran 
Firemen Whose Names Are Household Words 72 

CHAPTER XIII. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. 

Fire Department Officials— Qualifications of Members— Pay of the 
Force — Badges and Uniforms — Insignia of Office — Fire Alarm 
Telegraph — Burial Fund Association 83 

CHAPTER XIY. 

ORGANIZATION OF THE POLICE FORCE. 

A Record of Police Protection Written by Chief Graul— Some Excit- 
ing and Interesting Episodes Officially Related— The Force Up to 
Date 101 



172 CONTENTS. 

CHAPTER XV. 

THE AMENDED CHARTER. 

An Oath of Affirmation — The Mayor to Appoint All Policemen, Sub- 
ject to the Confirmation of the Board of Aldermen — A Chief of 
Police — A Day and Night Police Force — Their Duties and Com- 
pensation — Chief, Captain, Sergeants and Patrolmen — Uniform 
and Badges — Salary Ill 

CHAPTER XVI. 

AN EXCELLENT POLICE FORCE. 

Summary of Events Compiled from Annual Reports — Distribution of 
the Force — Additional Men Appointed — A Mountain Tragedy. .115 

CHAPTER XVII. 

CHANGES IN THE DEPARTMENT. 

Homicides, Check Forgers, and Rioting — Thieves from Other Cities- 
— Total Number of Arrests — Several Serious Shooting Affrays — 
A Terrible Explosion 122 

CHAPTER XVIII. 

PRESENT POLICE FORCE EXHIBIT. 

The Most Horrible Murder Ever Committed in Paterson. — Many Petty 
Thefts. — Necessity of a Patrol Wagon. — Laws Concerning the 
Sale and Regulation of the Liquor Traffic. — Roster of the Depart- 
ment 129 

CHAPTER XIX. 

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. 

Police Officials, Their Records and Services — The Executive Heads of 
the Department— They Are Men of Integrity and Experience, 
Who Have the Interest of the Public Welfare at Heart . . . .138 



CONTENTS. 173 

CHAPTER XX. 

GENEBAL RULES, POLICE DEPARTMENT. 

How the Force is Governed and Disciplined — Their Duties Defined — 
A Formidable Machine That is Controlled with the Simplicity and 
Regularity of Clock-work 151 



ADVERTISEMENTS. 



A D VER 7 'I SEME A ' 7 'S 



B 



amford bros; 



j^sa*. 



Silk 



Manuf acturing 
Company. 



" CRESCENT MILLS," Cliff St. 
"ALBION MILLS," Madison St. 



THE LARGEST ALL-SILK RIBBON 

MANUFACTURERS IN 

THE WORLD. 



Paterson, N. J, 



A D VER TI SEMEN TS 



Louis F\ Liotard, 

SUCCESSOR TO A. LIOTARD, 

id Importer of 
ds of 

REEDS AND HARNESS. 



SUCCESSOR TO A. LIOTARD, 

Manufacturer and Importer of 
all kinds of 



SOLE AGENT FOR CHAISE FRERES' 

PATENT BRAIDED HEDDLES. ° U ancl 5 ^ -b^SSex fc>t. 

Paterson, N. J. 

Telephone No. 387. 

Pelgram & Meyer, 



MANUFACTURERS OF 

Silks, Ribbons, Etc. 



, Factories at Paterson, N. J., Boonton, N. J., 
and Harrisburg, Pa. 



SALESROOM, 58 k 60 GREENE ST., NEW YORK. 

P. O. Box 808. 



J. ATKINSON & CO., 



MANUFACTURERS 



BUbblNu, UiUULu, LIU., Used in Manufacturing. 

Job Turning done of All Kinds. 



95, 97 and 99 RIVER STREET, - - PATERSON, N. J. 

(Near Main Street Bridge.) 



A D VEK TI SEMEN TS 



WM. H. DUNKERLY, 

MANUFACTURER OF 

Cotton, Woolen, Flax and Silk Machinery, 



FLUTING ROLLERS OF E VERY DESCRIPTION. 

Special: Patent Reels and Patent Doublers. 

Dealers in New and Second-Hand Machinery; Engines, Boilers, Steam 

Pumps, Injectors, Shafting, Pulleys, Hangers, etc. 
COR. SPRUCE AND GRAND STS., PATERSON, N. J. 

Doherty & Wadsworth, 

MANUFACTURERS OF 



DRESS SILKS, 



Jrlandkiercniefs, 
Ribbons, 
Grenadines, Ktc. 



ARKWR1GHT MILLS, 
PATERSON, N. J. 



John C. Ryle % — g) ^J f -^^M^s - * U - (g — I George G. Tillotson. 

JOHN C. RYLE & CO., 

Commission Throwsters 



OF TRAM, ORGANZ1NE, ETC. 

PATERSON, N. J. 



107 Washington St. 



■f 



AD VER Tl SEMEN TS 



ESTATE OF GEORGE BARNES, 3 



Oil of Vitriol, 
Muriatic Acid, 
Aqua Fortis, 
Nitric Acid, 
Change Acid, 
Sulphurous Acid, 
Aqua Ammonia, 
Glauber Salts, 
Sal Soda, 
Tin Crystals, 
Blue Vitrol, 
Copperas, &c. 



w 



Manufacturing chemist. 



Pyroligneous Acid, Acetic Acid 



h 



Red Liquor, Iron Liquor, Nitrate of Iron, Bi-Chloride Tin, 
Muriates of Iron, Tin, Antimony, &c. 

PATERSON, N. J. 



HAMIL 



BOOTH 



Hamil Mill 



and= 



Passaic Silk Works. 






Sijk 

Manufacturers, 



PATERSON, N. J. 




JAMES JACKSON & SONS, 



TEXTILE MACHINIST 



Jacquard Machines and Compass Boards, Specialties. 

VELVETS AND VELVETEENS IN THE GRAY, DYED AND FINISHED. 

18 & 20 Albion Avenie, Paterson, N. J. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



W. M. INGL1S. A. D. VREELAND. 

Inglis & Co. 
Commission SlLK THROWSTERS 

"GRANT WORKS." 

Paterson, N. J. 

The Phoenix Silk Mdnutoturing Go. 

PATERSON, N. J., 



-AND- 



20-26 GREENE STREET, NEW YORK. 

4 



"\ 



PHOENIX MILLS, Paterson, N. J. 



ADELAIDE MILLS, Allentown, Pa. 



TILT SILK MILL, Pottsville, Pa. 



i 



ALBERT TILT, President. 

JOS. W. CONGDON, Vice-President. 

JNO. R. CURRAN, Secretary. 



COMPLIMENTS OK 



JOHNSON , C0WD1N & CO. 



MANUFACTURERS OF 



Silk Ribbons, * * * * 

Riverside, Paterson, N. J. 



A D I r ER TI SEMEN TS 



207 to 223 River St. 

Our work being steady all the year round, and also of a quality to 
give satisfaction, thus enabling us to increase our production, we 
are in a position to. give employment to girls on sewing machines, 
and to young men as ironers, at as good average pay as any mill 
in town. 

CHAS. L. AUGER, Prest. and Treas. CHARLES SIMON, Sec'y. 

& « # # 

The Auger \ Simon Silk Dyeing Go. 



COLORS /> BLACKS 



Paterson, N. J. 



r^ ornforth & Marx, 



SILK ^MANUFACTURERS, 

Royle Mill. 



^**eT 



PATERSON, N. J. 



A D VER T I SEMEN TS 



Standard Oil Company, 

Paterson Station. 



Refiners of Petroleum, 



S. B. FARNUM, 
Manager. 



PATERSON, N. J. 




KEARNS BROS. SaS 



Specialties : Weighted Blacks and Pure Dye 
inzine and Tram Brights and Heavy Tram 
Souples, and Fast Blacks and Colors for Velvets, Tailors' 
Goods, etc. Works: Cor. Wood & Shady sts., Riverside, 
Paterson, N. J. P. O. Box, No. 665. 



LOCKWOOD BROS. & CO., 

I^TTDIMTTIIDC CARPETINGS, OILCLOTHS, 

FUfxlNl 1 U JaE,, refrigerators, bedding, 



Draperies and House Furnishing Goods in General. 



11 CROSS STREET. ™ 



■HONE 



290, 292, 294 MAIN ST. 



AD VER TISEMENTS 



— <g>— ^ ESTABLISHED 1 87Q. 75=S^ 

J oseph At kinson & Son, 
Wholesale Bakers * Flour Dealers 

36 HAMBURGH AVENUE, 

m PATERSON. N. J. 

LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE ^jfe w. e. knipscher, 

a 432 » I FRANK MAASS. 

If 

Knipscher & Ma ass 

Tiiiiiiif 1 

SILK DYERS, 

SPECIALTIES, ij3 

. HEAVY COLORED SOUPLES VAN HOUTEN 

* AND FAST COLORS FOR JjJ AND MILL STS., 

* TAILORS' GOODS. 

! r-T* EQUAL 7 ° ^ PATERSON, N.J. 

30 CENTS A DAY SECURES A HOME, 

ON THE INSTALLMENT PLAN IN THREE YEARS. 
First-class Building Lots for sale cheap and on easy terms, on Main 
and adjoining streets. Payment in Installments monthly, according to the 
price of lots. Ten per cent. Will be allowed the purchaser who pavs all 
cash. One payment of $20 on all lots purchased to be paid on the dav of 
sale. A warranty deed will be given to all purchasers, thus guaranteeing 
the property free from all incumbrances. 

JOHN MCKIERNAN, 

222 MAIN ST. Of the firm of Doremus & McKiernan. PATERSON, N. J. 



A D VER TI SEMEN TS 



C. W. INGLIS, President. 

patogoq Lumber 1 and Wood Wooing Co. 

DOORS, SASH, BLINDS, MOULDINGS, LUMBER, FRAMES, &c. 

HARD & WOOD * WORK * A * SPECIALTY. 

Railroad Avenue, Slater Street and Dale Avenue, 

TELEPHONE 296. PATERSON, N.J. 



1784 



1893. 




Jacquard Thread. 

Fine LINEN YARNS for Manufacturing Purposes. 



Salesrooms: No. 218 Church Street, 

NEW YORK. 



"THRIFT &, SON, 



MANUFACTURERS OF 



MOULDINGS, 



AND DEALERS IN 



SHINGLES, _ (J \\/\ ^ ^ R LATH, Ac. 

424 STRAIGHT ST., 
All kinds of Mill Work to order. PAT EI R SO N , N.J. 



AD VER TISEMENTS 



JAMES VAN KIRK. A. H. KNAPP. 

midland Coal Yard. 



VAN KIRK & KNAPP, 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN 

LEHIGH and BITUMINOUS COAL. 

Yard Cor. Broadway and East 18th St., 

TELEPHONE 221. P ATE RSON, N. J . 



Marshall & Ball, 



ONE PRICE 



<§! 



CLOTHIERS, 



MC 



221 and 223 Main St. 
PATERSON, N..J. 



OLDEST HOUSE IN THE BUSINESS. 

AT established leas. °|^"~~ a * 

THOS.f E.tO'NEILL, 

(Successor to Chas. O'Neill.) 

SmSJS COAL, LUMBER, BLUE STO NE <P BUILDING MATERIALS, 

standard for quality. (Sj 9 II ^ 2 30 to 266 Mill Street. 

LEHIGH COAL A SPECIALTY. \ Ijjfe TELEPHONE 191. 

Ladders 6c. per foot and upwards. 



AD VER TISEMENTS 



CORNELIUS WHITE, 

UIMBER DEALER— 

10-20 GOVERNOR STREET, 
Telephone 227B. 

* * * COMPLIMENTS OF * * * 



The Paterson 






111 


~§ 


CONSOLIDATED 


§r 




IS 




Brewing Go. 



PATERSON, N. J. 



Established 1812. 

Incorporated 1887. 

S. T. Zabriskie, Pres't. E. Phillips, Sec'y and Treas. 

The Anderson Lumber Co, 

DEALERS IN 

Lumber, Goal and Masons' Materials, 



PACKING GASES, HOUSE, TRIM, SCROLL SAWING AND TURNING. 

Mill Yard and Docks Foot of Gregory Ave., 
PASSAIC, n. j. 



AD VER TI SEMEN TS 



PATERSON • IRON • CO. 

-Iron § jSteel ^orgiiigs- 



MANUFACTURERS 



DESCRIPTION 



For Railways, Steamships, Sugar Mills, &c, Forged or Finished. 
Office and Works: - PATERSON, N. J. 

C. D. BECKWITH, President. 

William T. Ryle, Pres. Arthur Ryle, Treas. William Strange, Vice-Pres. 

Wm. M. Brock, Sec'y and General Manager. 

Edison EktriG Illuminating Gompany, 

PATERSON, N. J. 

INCANDESCENT tP ARC LIGHTING. 

ELECTRIC MOTORS 



Arc Lamps on Low Pressure, i. <?., Incandescent Current, a 

New Feature. Can be turned on and off at all 

hours by means of a switch, same as 

Incandescent Lamps. 



PRICES FURNISHED UPON APPLICATION. 



Chas. O. Brown, Pres't. G. Planten, Treas. ' W. G. A. Miller, Sec'y. 

The Riverside Bridge & Iron Works, 

Engineers * and * Bridge * Builders, 

Railroad Bridges and Heavy Iron Structural Work 
of Every Description. 

WORKS AT NEW YORK OFFICE, 

PATERSON, N. J. No. 18 BROADWAY. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



GAS STOVES 

NO I 



ROR HEATING 
AND COOKING. 



WITH . . |\ I / \ SESL?' 

\ II I ASHES, 

HEIR USE M V J SggJv. 

The : United : Gas : Improvement : Co. 

Gas Office : 146 Ellison Street, Paterson, N. J. 

J. S. ROGERS, Pres't, 

JOHN HAVRON, Secy. 

REUBEN WELLS, Supt 

R. S. HUGHES, Treasurer, 4 4 Exchange Place, New York 



I 

The » Rogers «• Locomotive 
and * Machine * Works, 



OK PATERSON, 

NEW JERSEY. 



NEW YORK OFFICE, 
44 EXCHANGE PLACE. 



GEO. SWIFT. Established 1844. T. E. SNYDER. 

Geo. Swift & Co. 

Successors to E. B. KING. 

Stoves, Raphes apd fiot-flir purpace^, 

PLDM'BERS, STEAM AND GAS FITTERS. 

Tin, Copper and. Sheet Iron Workers, 
ENGINEERS' SUPPLIES, ETC. 

68 AND 70 VAN HOUTEN STREET, PATERSON N. J. 



ADVER Tl SEMEN TS 



America's Kamous Snow Plow 



THE ROTARY 



The Leslie Bros. Mfg. Co. 



PATERSON, N. J. 



Pattern Pine, Pine Lumber, 
Spruce, Hemlock, N. C. Pine, 
Cypress, Yellow Pine, 
White Wood, Ash, 
Oak, Cherry, Walnut. 



247 to 257 Market St., 

200 to 206 and 213 to 217 

Paterson St. 



THE A. HUBBARD LUMBER CO 



Sash, Doors, Blinds, 
Flooring, Ceiling, 
Sawing, Planing, 
Mouldings, Stairs, 
Millwork of every Description. 



Office, No. 247 Market St. 
PATERSON, N. J. 



Jotin Royle & Sons, 



MACHINISTS 



^ZWr~ » 



Straight Street, Essex Street and Ramapo Avenue, 

NEAR THE Erie and the N. Y., S. & W. R'y Depots. 
PATERSON, N. J. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



JOHN W. FERGUSON, C. E. 

- * ENGINEER AND BUILDER * * 

Contracts taken for all classes of mill and shop construction ; complete plans and specifi- 
cations furnished as part of the contract. 

Correspondence is solicited with parties intending to erect buildings of this character, who- 
wish to have the entire work done under one contract, including the engine, boilers, 
heating apparatus, plumbing, etc. 

Satisfactory reference furnished from parties for whom similar work has been done. 

Office, paterson National Bank Building, 

PATERSON, N. J. 

McNab & Harlin Mfg. Co, 

MANUFACTURERS OF 

BRASS # COCKS, 

PLUMBERS' BRASS WORK, 

Globe Yalves, Gauge Cocks, Steam Whistles and Water Ganges, 



WROUGHT IRON PIPE AND FITTINGS, 

Plumbers' and Gas Fitters' Tools, 



No. $6 John Street, NEW YORK. 

Factory, PATERSON, N. J. 



John E. Beggs, President and Treasi 




'iflPR. ^'IfWiitiilFf, 



A D I 'ER TI SEME NTS 



BRANCH OFFICE 

German American Insurance Company, 

119 WASHINGTON STREET. 
CHAS. REYNOLDS, Manager. 



Losses Promptly Settled and Paid at this Office. 



Telephone 520. CALL FOR REFERENCE. 



First National Bank, 

paterson, n. j. 

United States Depository. 



CAPITAL STOCK, .... $400,000 

SURPLUS AND PROFITS, . . . 320,000 

DEPOSITS, 1,800,000 



Business and Family Accounts Received. 



DIRECTORS. 

ALPttEUS S. ALLEN. JAMES BOOTH. HENRY B. CROSBY. 

GARRET A. HOBART. W. O. FAYERWEATHER. JOHN REYNOLDS. 

A. W. ROGERS. GARRET D. VOORHIS. JOHN J. BROWN. 

WM. BARBOUR. EDWARD T. BELL. J. W. CLEVELAND. 



JOHN J. BROWN, President. 
JOHN REYNOLDS, Vice-President. 

EDWARD T. BELL. Cashier. 
W. G. SCOTT, Assistant Cashier. 



OFFICE OR THE 



SSSSSSMIESCH 
MANUFACTURING 

company, ssas 

LESLIE AND COURTLAND STS. 



AD VER T/SEMENTS 



Paterson Opera jiouse, 

JOHN J. GOETSCHENS, 

Manager. 

Playing only the best Attractions 
at Popular Prices. 

•Matinees Wednesday and Saturday. 



John R. Lee, 

Railroad * Contractor, 

313 Main Street, 

Telephone ?6o. 




Established 1860. Telephone 133. 



J. A. Hall & Co. 



MANUFACTURERS OF 

Reeds, : Harness, : Lingoes. 

MAILS, SHUTTLES, 

and General Weavers' Supplies. 

Reeds and Harness for Ribbon and 

Broad Silk Manufacturers 

a specialty. 

30 AND 32 HAMILTON AVENUE. 

PATERSON, N. J. 



HENRY B. KINO, 



ENGRAVER OF 



PRINTERS' * ROLLERS, 



Cor. Summer and Fulton Streets. 



AD VER TISEMENTS 



Second 
National Bank, 

Paterson, N. J. 

Capital $150,000. Surplus $100,000. 

Established 1864. -»■ : - Mi : ■ «>- Telephone No. 226. 

S. S. SHERWOOD, 



Real Estate and Insurance Agent 



No. 270 MARKET STREET, 

Opposite Depots. PATERSON, N.J. 



For many years I have been Selling Well Located Lots on Installments 
of $5.00 per month under contracts that protect the buyer should he be 
unable to keep up his payments at any time. During these years there 
have been no forfeits. 



Heal Estate Bought, Sold and Exchanged. 

MONEY TO LOAN ON BOND AND MORTGAGE, 

_(5) AND (S)_ 

FULL ♦ CHARGE ♦ TAKEN ♦ OE ♦ PROPERTY. 

FREDERICK HARDING I SON • • 

MANUFACTURERS OF 



Paper Boxes 



jacquard cards a 200 and 202 Straight St. 

SPECIALTY. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



Jos. Heildelberger, Pres't 



Wm. M. Smith, Sec'y and Treas. 



S. Dringer, Supt. 



New Jersey Iron and Metal Company, 

— DEALERS IN — 

SCRAP IRON, STEEL, COPPER, BRASS, ETC. 
Old Boilers, Engines and Machinery, 

Office aijd Yard, 124 to 130 Railroad Jtaue, 
PATERSON, N. J. 

P. O. Box, 697. Telephone, 186. 



•jT he most complete printing establishment in 

Vjr the EASTERN STATES is at MERIDEN, CONN., and is 

conducted by : : : : : :::::::: 

Ti)<? J ourr>al Pu bli^l)ir)(3 Co. 



Is it not better to have your WOOD or PHOTO ENGRAVING, 



ELECTROTYP1NG, PRINTING and BINDING done under one roof than 
by as many separate parties? And then, too, why pay four profits whe n 
we combine the work and are satisfied with one? •■ 



Let us estimate for you and tell your friends about 



S— 5L 



IN 1 - 



&—% 



CUe ape IWanufaotupops of 

HEATHER CASES, 
PORTFOLIOS and 
SPECIALLY ROLED and 
PRINTED ACCOUNT BOOKS, 

And the Only manufacturers in 
the State of 
SILK BADGES, STAMPED If! GOLD, 
SILS/ER OR INK, for Clubs, 
Soeieties, Reunions and Con- 
ventions. 



The Hartford Times on Dec. 3, 1892, says 
editorially : 

Throughout this State the largest circu- 
lation is in nearly every instance enjoyed 
by one or the other of the evening papers 
in each community, notably so in the case 
of * * * * The Journal, 
in Meriden, etc. 

Send us your address for advertising 
rates and sample copies. Address, 

The Journal Publishing Co. 

Meriden. Conn. 



ADVERTISEMENTS 



The Peterson Safe Deposit anil Trust Go. 

NO. 152 MARKET STREET, 

Opposite New City Hall. 



BANKING DEPARTMENT, 

Accounts opened for $i or any larger sum. 
Interest allowed on deposits. 

SAFE DEPOSIT DEPARTMENT, 

Small Safes and Boxes rented in fire and 
burglar proof vaults at a nominal yearly- 
rental. 



JOHN W. GRIGGS, President. 

JAMES INGLIS, JR., Vice-President. 

F. R. ALLEN, Treas. 



• The Paterson National Bank. 

State, City and County Depository. 

Began Business July 10, 1889. 

CAPITAL, ..... $300,000 

SURPLUS AND PROFITS, . . 75,ooo 

DEPOSITS, ..... 1,200,000 

WILLIAM STRANGE, President. 

HARWOOP B. PARKE, Vice-President. 

HENRY C. KNOX, Cashier. 



DIRECTORS. 

WATTS COOKE. Hon. JOHN W. GRIGGS. JOHN S. COOKE. 

WILLIAM BARBOUR. FRANK W. ALLEN. SAMUEL J. WATSON. 

BERNARD KATZ. WILLIAM STRANGE. WILLIAM T. RYLE. 

SAMUEL V. S. MUZZY. HENRY C. KNOX. 

HARWOOD B. PARKE. 



BUSINESS AND PERSONAL ACCOUNTS INVITED. 



For Reference 

Not to be taken 
from this library 



PATERSON FREE PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 0204 00102985 1